Thomas Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick
Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick, KG (c. 14 February 1313 – 13 November 1369) was an English nobleman and military commander during the Hundred Years' War. In 1348 he became one of the founders and the third Knight of the Order of the Garter.
|Thomas de Beauchamp|
|Earl of Warwick|
Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick, KG, third founder knight of the Order of the Garter, shown wearing his garter robes over his tunic showing the arms of Beauchamp quartering Newburgh. Illustration from the 1430 Bruges Garter Book made by William Bruges (1375–1450), first Garter King of Arms
|Father||Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick|
|Mother||Alice de Toeni|
Thomas de Beauchamp was born at Warwick Castle, Warwickshire, England to Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick and Alice de Toeni. He served in Scotland frequently during the 1330s, being captain of the army against the Scots in 1337. He was hereditary High Sheriff of Worcestershire from 1333 until his death (in 1369). In 1344, he was also made High Sheriff of Warwickshire and Leicestershire for life.
Victor at Crécy and Poitiers
Thomas de Beauchamp fought in all the French wars of King Edward III; he commanded the centre at the Battle of Crecy (where many of his relatives were killed including his younger half-brother Alan la Zouche de Mortimer). He was trusted to be guardian of the sixteen-year-old Black Prince. Beauchamp fought at Poitiers in 1356 and at the Siege of Calais (1346).
He began the rebuilding of the Collegiate Church of Saint Mary in Warwick using money received from the ransom of a French Archbishop. He died of plague in Calais on 13 November 1369 and was entombed in the Beauchamp Chapel. The chapel contains the finest example of the use of brisures for cadency in medieval heraldry—seven different Beauchamp coats of arms.
Marriage and children
- Guy de Beauchamp (died 28 April 1360); married Philippa de Ferrers, daughter of Henry de Ferrers, 2nd Lord Ferrers of Groby, and Isabel de Verdun, by whom he had two daughters: Elizabeth (died c. 1369), and Katherine, who became a nun. His daughters were, by entail, excluded from their grandfather's inheritance.
- Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick (16 March 1339 – 8 August 1401), married Margaret Ferrers, daughter of William Ferrers, 3rd Lord of Groby, and Margaret de Ufford, by whom he had issue, including Richard Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick.
- Reinbrun de Beauchamp (died 1361)
- William de Beauchamp, 1st Baron Bergavenny (c. 1343 – 8 May 1411); inherited the honour of Abergavenny. On 23 July 1392, married Lady Joan FitzAlan, daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel and Lady Elizabeth de Bohun, by whom he had a son, Richard de Beauchamp, 1st Earl of Worcester, and a daughter, Joan de Beauchamp, Countess of Ormond. Queen consort Anne Boleyn was a notable descendant of the latter.
- Roger de Beauchamp (died 1361)
- Maud de Beauchamp (died 1403); married Roger de Clifford, 5th Baron de Clifford, by whom she had issue, including Thomas de Clifford, 6th Baron de Clifford.
- Philippa de Beauchamp; married Hugh de Stafford, 2nd Earl of Stafford, by whom she had nine children.
- Alice Beauchamp (died 1383); married firstly John Beauchamp, 3rd Baron Beauchamp of Somerset, and secondly Sir Matthew Gournay. She died childless.
- Joan de Beauchamp; married Ralph Basset, 3rd Baron Basset of Drayton. She died childless.
- Isabel de Beauchamp (died 29 September 1416); married firstly John le Strange, 5th Baron Strange, and secondly, William de Ufford, 2nd Earl of Suffolk. Upon the latter's death, she became a nun. She died childless.
- Margaret de Beauchamp; married first Guy de Montfort. This marriage was childless. After his death in 1261, she became a nun until 1269.
- Elizabeth de Beauchamp; married Thomas de Ufford KG.
- Anne de Beauchamp; married Walter de Cokesey.
- Juliana de Beauchamp
- Katherine de Beauchamp; became a nun at Shouldham Priory.
Catherine Grandison, Countess of Salisbury was not his daughter, although she is presented as such in William Painter's Palace of Pleasure and in the Elizabethan play Edward III, which may be by William Shakespeare.
Beauchamp's wife Katherine died on 4 August 1369. Beauchamp died three months later, on 13 November 1369, of the Black Death and was buried alongside his wife at St. Mary's Church, Warwick, Warwickshire.
|Ancestors of Thomas Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick|
- Douglas Richardson, Kimball G. Everingham, Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, p. 56
- Cawley, Medieval Lands, Earls of Warwick 1263–1449 (Beauchamp)
- the Peerage.com
- Shaw, Wm. A. (1971). The Knights of England: A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of All the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland,and Ireland, and of the Knights Bachelors. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company. p. 1.
- Tuck, Anthony (2004). "Beauchamp, Thomas de, eleventh earl of Warwick (1313/14–1369)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press.
|Peerage of England|
Guy de Beauchamp
| Earl of Warwick
Thomas de Beauchamp