Thirty-Fifth Army (Japan)

The Japanese 35th Army (第35軍, Dai-sanjyūgo gun) was an army of the Imperial Japanese Army during the final days of World War II.

Japanese Thirty-Fifth Army
Surrender of Lt. General Kataoka Tadasu, highest ranking officer of Imperial Japanese 35th Army on Cebu, August 19, 1945
ActiveJuly 26, 1944 - April 14, 1945 
CountryEmpire of Japan
BranchImperial Japanese Army
Nickname(s)Sho (, Lasting)


The Japanese 35th Army was raised on July 26, 1944 in the Japanese-occupied Philippines in anticipation of Allied attempts to invade and retake Mindanao and the Visayan islands in central and southern Philippines. It was under the overall command of the Japanese Fourteenth Area Army. Initially intended as a garrison force to withstand a long-term war of attrition, as the war situation on the Pacific front grew increasingly desperate for Japan, the Imperial General Headquarters ordered the bulk of the IJA 35th Army to Leyte as reinforcement to Japanese forces in the Battle of Leyte to fight against the combined American and Philippine Commonwealth troops. As the battle was lost, surviving units were given independent command authority, and were ordered to go to ground and wage a guerilla campaign on their respective islands for as long as possible. The IJA 35th Army was officially disbanded on April 19, 1945. Some individual Japanese stragglers did not give up until the 1970s.

List of commanders

Commanding Officer

1General Sōsaku Suzuki28 July 194419 April 1945

Chief of Staff

1Major General Yoshiharu Tomochika28 July 194414 November 1944
2Lieutenant General Takaji Wachi14 November 194420 February 1945
3Major General Yoshiharu Tomochika20 February 194519 April 1945


Japanese 35th Army


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  • Jowett, Bernard (1999). The Japanese Army 1931-45 (Volume 2, 1942-45). Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-354-3.
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