Thermoplasmatales

In taxonomy, the Thermoplasmatales are an order of the Thermoplasmata.[1] All are acidophiles, growing optimally at pH below 2. Picrophilus is currently the most acidophilic of all known organisms, being capable of growing at a pH of -0.06.[2] Many of these organisms do not contain a cell wall, although this is not true in the case of Picrophilus. Most members of the Thermotoplasmata are thermophilic.

Thermoplasmatales
Scientific classification
Domain:
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Thermoplasmata Reysenbach 2002
Order:
Thermoplasmatales Reysenbach 2002
Families

Phylogeny

The currently accepted taxonomy is based on the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN)[3] and National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)[4] and the phylogeny is based on 16S rRNA-based LTP release 106 by 'The All-Species Living Tree' Project.[5]

Thermogymnomonas acidicola Itoh et al. 2007

  Thermoplasma

T. acidophilum Darland et al. 1970 (type sp.)

T. volcanium Segerer et al. 1988

  Picrophilus

P. oshimae Schleper et al. 1996 (type sp.)

P. torridus Zillig et al. 1996

  Ferroplasmaceae
  Acidiplasma

A. aeolicum Golyshina et al. 2009 (type sp.)

A. cupricumulans (Hawkes et al. 2008) Golyshina et al. 2009

  Ferroplasma

?F. acidarmanusDopson et al. 2004

?F. thermophilumZhou et al. 2008

F. acidiphilum Golyshina et al. 2000 (type sp.)

Notes:
♠ Strains found at the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) but not listed in the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature LPSN

References

  • Madigan, M.T. & Martinko, J.M. (2005). Brock Biology of Microorganisms (11th ed.). Pearson Prentice Hall.

Further reading

Scientific journals

Scientific books

Scientific databases


This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.