Thermoplasma acidophilum

Thermoplasma acidophilum is an archaeon, the type species of its genus.[1] T. acidophilum was originally isolated from a self-heating coal refuse pile, at pH 2 and 59 °C. Its genome has been sequenced.[2]

Thermoplasma acidophilum
Scientific classification
Thermoplasma acidophilum

Darland et al. 1970

It is highly flagellated and grows optimally at 56 °C (133 °F) and pH 1.8. The size of a cell is about 1 μm. T. acidophilum lacks a cell wall and the cell membrane is exposed directly outside. T. acidophilum shows various cell shapes depending upon growth conditions and stages.

The full genome of Thermoplasma acidophilum has been sequenced. It is only 1565 kb in size.[3]

See also


  1. DARLAND (G.), BROCK (T.D.), SAMSONOFF (W.) and CONTI (S.F.): A thermophilic, acidophilic mycoplasma isolated from a coal refuse pile. Science (Washington), 1970, 170, 1416-1418.
  2. Baumeister, Wolfgang; Ruepp, Andreas; Graml, Werner; Santos-Martinez, Martha-Leticia; Koretke, Kristin K.; Volker, Craig; et al. (2000). "The genome sequence of the thermoacidophilic scavenger Thermoplasma acidophilum". Nature. 407 (6803): 508–513. Bibcode:2000Natur.407..508R. doi:10.1038/35035069.
  3. Stanley Falkow; Eugene Rosenberg; Karl-Heinz Schleifer; Erko Stackebrandt, eds. (October 10, 2006). The Prokaryotes. 3. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 109. ISBN 0387254935. Retrieved October 9, 2016.

Further reading

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