Theresa Kunegunda Sobieska

Theresa Kunegunda (Polish: Teresa Kunegunda Sobieska, German: Kurfürstin Therese Kunigunde) (4 March 1676 – 10 March 1730) was a Polish princess, an Electress of Bavaria and of the Electorate of the Palatinate. She also served as Regent of the Palatinate in 1704–05.

Theresa Kunegunda Sobieska
Electress of Bavaria
Tenure2 January 1695 – 26 February 1726
Born(1676-03-04)4 March 1676
Wilanów, Poland
Died10 March 1730(1730-03-10) (aged 54)
Munich, Germany
SpouseMaximilian II Emanuel
Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor
Ferdinand Maria Onnocent
Clemens August
Johann Theodor
Maria Anna Karoline
Philip Maurice Maria
Prince of Bavaria
Alois John Adolf
Maximilian Emanuel Thomas
HouseHouse of Sobieski
FatherJohn III Sobieski
MotherMarie Casimire Louise de la Grange d'Arquien
ReligionRoman Catholicism


She was a daughter of the Polish King John III Sobieski and Marie Casimire Louise de La Grange d'Arquien. Theresa Kunegunda Sobieska married Maximilian II Emanuel, elector of Bavaria, on 2 January 1695. She was mother of ten children by her husband, including Holy Roman Emperor Charles VII and Clemens August of Bavaria, Archbishop-Elector of Cologne, though only half of them survived till adulthood.

In 1704–05, following the evacuation of the Bavarian court to the Spanish Netherlands after the defeat at the Battle of Blenheim, she apparently was in charge of the government in the Stewardship of Munich of the Electorate of Bavaria as Regent Princess. However, when Theresa Kunegunda had found love letters of the Countess of Arco, a mistress of Max Emanuel, she left Munich to see her mother in Venice. The army would not allow her to return. Therefore, Theresa spent ten years in exile, only returning in 1715.

She died in 1730 and rests in the Theatine Church in Munich.



Marek Sobieski
Jakub Sobieski
Jadwiga Snopkowska
Jan III Sobieski
Jan Daniłowicz
Zofia Teofillia Daniłowicz
Zofia Żółkiewska
Theresa Kunegunda Sobieska
Antoine de La Grange d'Arquien
Henri Albert de La Grange d'Arquien
Anne d'Ancienville
Marie Casimire Louise
Baptiste de La Châtre of Bruillebault
Françoise de La Châtre
Gabrielle Lamy[1]


Preceded by
Henriette Adelaide of Savoy
Electress of Bavaria
2 January 1695 – 26 February 1726
Succeeded by
Maria Amalia, Holy Roman Empress
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