The Virgin of Nuremberg

The Virgin of Nuremberg (Italian: La vergine di Norimberga) is a 1963 Italian horror film directed by Antonio Margheriti.

The Virgin of Nuremberg
Italian film poster for The Virgin of Nuremberg
Directed byAntonio Margheriti[1]
Produced byMarco Vicario[1]
Screenplay by
Based onLa vergine di Normberga
by Maddalena Gui[1]
Music byRiz Ortolani[1]
CinematographyRiccardo Pallottini[1]
Edited byOtello Colangeli[1]
Atlantica Cinematografica[1]
Distributed byAtlantica Cinematografica
Release date
  • August 15, 1963 (1963-08-15) (Italy)
Running time
83 minutes[1]
Box office₤125 million


Mary discovers that in the German castle of her husband someone has put into operation the machines of torture of the museum.



The Virgin of Nuremberg was based on an Italian paperback novel La vergine di Normberga, issue #23 in the KKK series of Italian pulp paperback novels.[2] These novels were part of a trend in Italy of cheap paperback novels that blended Gothic, horror and erotic styles.[2] These titles claimed to based on British authors where the real Italian authors were described as translators.[2] The film's producer, Marco Vicario, was the co-founder of the company G.E.I. who published the KKK paperbacks.[2] Margheriti changed elements of the plot of the story to include a war and surgery subplots.[3] The film also removes some of the more extreme elements of the novel, such as a part where a man severs a woman's nerve before pulling out almost all of the bones from her body.[4] The screenwriters of the film assumed pseudonyms. Many sources state that Ernesto Gastaldi was credited as Gastad Green, but he has denied contributing to the film's writing, stating he may have discussed plot elements with Margheriti, but did no actual writing.[4] The official documents relating to the film's production credit Marco Vicario's brother Renato Vicario as Gastad Green.[4] The film was shot after Margheriti's film Castle of Blood was shot in order to exploit its production values.[1] The film was a rushed production and was shot in three weeks.[5][3]


The Virgin of Nuremberg was director Antonio Margheriti's first horror film released in Italy.[1] The Virgin of Nuremberg was released in Italy on August 15, 1963 where it was received theatrical distribution through Atlantica Cinematografica.[1] The film grossed 125 million Italian lira in Italy.[1] The film was released in Germany on May 15, 1964 where the war flashback scenes are removed and characters with German names are changed.[1][4]

It was released in the United States with the title Horror Castle on January 10, 1965 through Zodiac films.[1][4]


The Virgin of Nuremberg received poor reviews on its release in the United States.[4] The New York Times referred to it as an "inept horror pic".[6] The Monthly Film Bulletin compared the work negatively to another Italian horror film director, Riccardo Freda noting the lack of his visual flair.[7] The film was praised however for atmospheric sets, a "handful of chilling moments" and editing which "never gives the action a moment's rest" finding that the film "adds up to a highly enjoyable piece of nonsense".[7] "Murf." of Variety declared the film "tedious and ridiculous" stating that "apart from a few murky scenes, color quality is fine. Technical credits are quite good, but the story premise was handled ineptly."[8]

In a retrospective review, Danny Shipka, author of Perverse Titillation: The Exploitation Cinema of Italy, Spain and France, 1960-1980 waiting through the films to find the identity of the red-hooded figure "is worth it, especially if you like cold violence, as Margheriti pushes the limits with his tortures"[9]

See also



  1. Curti 2015, p. 97.
  2. Curti 2015, p. 98.
  3. Curti 2015, p. 99.
  4. Curti 2015, p. 101.
  5. Hughes 2011, p. 85.
  6. Curti 2015, p. 102.
  7. "Vergine di normberga, Le". Monthly Film Bulletin. London: British Film Institute. 31 (360): 44. January 1, 1964. ISSN 0027-0407.
  8. Variety's Film Reviews 1964-1967. 11. R. R. Bowker. 1983. There are no page numbers in this book. This entry is found under the header "April 21, 1965". ISBN 0-8352-2790-1.
  9. Shipka 2011, p. 58.


  • Curti, Roberto (2015). Italian Gothic Horror Films, 1957-1969. McFarland. ISBN 1476619891.
  • Roberto Poppi, Mario Pecorari (2007). Dizionario del cinema italiano. I film. Rome: Gremese Editore. ISBN 8884405033.
  • Hughes, Howard (2011). Cinema Italiano - The Complete Guide From Classics To Cult. London - New York: I.B.Tauris. ISBN 978-1-84885-608-0.
  • Shipka, Danny (2011). Perverse Titillation: The Exploitation Cinema of Italy, Spain and France, 1960-1980. McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-4888-1.

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