The Phantom Empire

The Phantom Empire is a 1935 American Western serial film directed by Otto Brower and B. Reeves Eason and starring Gene Autry, Frankie Darro, and Betsy King Ross.[1] This 12-chapter Mascot Pictures serial combined the western, musical, and science fiction genres. The first episode is 30 minutes, the rest about 20 minutes. The serial film is about a singing cowboy who stumbles upon an ancient subterranean civilization living beneath his own ranch that becomes corrupted by unscrupulous greedy speculators from the surface.[3] In 1940, a 70-minute feature film edited from the serial was released under the titles Radio Ranch or Men with Steel Faces. This was Gene Autry's first starring role, playing himself as a singing cowboy.[4]

The Phantom Empire
Theatrical release poster
Directed by
Produced byNat Levine
Written by
Music byHugo Riesenfeld
Edited by
Distributed byMascot Pictures
Release date
  • February 23, 1935 (1935-02-23) (USA)
Running time
245 minutes (12 chapters)[Note 1]
CountryUnited States


Gene Autry (Gene Autry) is a singing cowboy who runs Radio Ranch, a dude ranch from which he makes a daily live radio broadcast at 2:00 pm. Gene has two kid sidekicks, Frankie Baxter (Frankie Darro) and Betsy Baxter (Betsy King Ross), who lead a club, the Junior Thunder Riders, in which the kids play at being armored knights of an unknown civilization, the mysterious Thunder Riders who make a sound like thunder when they ride. The kids, dressing up in capes and water-bucket helmets, play at riding "To the rescue!" (their motto).

A chance to become real heroes occurs when Betsy, Frankie, and Gene are kidnapped by the real Thunder Riders from the super-scientific underground empire of Murania, complete with towering buildings, robots, ray-guns, advanced television, elevator tubes that extend miles from the surface, and the icy, blonde, evil Queen Tika. On the surface, criminals led by Professor Beetson plan to invade Murania and seize its radium wealth, while in Murania, a group of revolutionaries plots to overthrow Queen Tika.

The inhabitants of Murania are the lost tribe of Mu, who went underground in the last glacial period 100,000 years ago, and now live in a fantastically advanced city 25,000 feet below the surface. They cannot now breathe the air at ground level and must wear oxygen masks. (Surface dwellers have no trouble breathing Muranian air.) The Thunder Guard emerges to the surface world from a cave with a huge rock door that swings up like a garage door. Both Muranians and Professor Beetson want to get rid of Autry, so he loses his radio contract and Radio Ranch is vacated.[5]




The idea for the plot came to writer Wallace MacDonald when he was under gas having a tooth extracted.[7]

Filming and budget

The Phantom Empire was filmed in late 1934. The film had an operating budget of $75,000 (equal to $1,404,664 today).[1] The budget was originally reported to have been "no more than" $100,000.[2]

Filming locations

  • Agoura Ranch, Agoura, California, USA
  • Bronson Canyon, Griffith Park, 4730 Crystal Springs Drive, Los Angeles, California, USA
  • Griffith Observatory, Griffith Park, 4730 Crystal Springs Drive, Los Angeles, California, USA
  • Iverson Ranch, 1 Iverson Lane, Chatsworth, Los Angeles, California, USA
  • Keystone Studios, 1712 Glendale Blvd., Silver Lake, Los Angeles, California, USA


  • Ken Cooper
  • Richard Talmadge
  • Jack Jones
  • George Magrill
  • Wally West[4]

Frankie Darro and Betsy King Ross did their own stunt riding in this serial. Ross was an experienced rodeo performer[7] and was billed as the "World's Champion Trick Rider".[2]


  • "Uncle Noah's Ark" (Gene Autry, Smiley Burnette, Nick Manoloff) by Gene Autry and band (chapter 1)
  • "That Silver-Haired Daddy of Mine" (Gene Autry, Jimmy Long) by Gene Autry and band (chapter 1)
  • "I'm Oscar, I'm Pete" (Gene Autry, Smiley Burnette) by Gene Autry, Smiley Burnette, and William Moore (chapter 2)
  • "No Need to Worry" (Gene Autry, Smiley Burnette) by the Radio Rangers (chapter 4)
  • "Uncle Henry" (Gene Autry, Smiley Burnette) by Gene Autry (chapter 4)
  • "I'm Getting a Moon's Eye View of the World" (Gene Autry, Smiley Burnette) by Gene Autry (chapter 8)
  • "My Cross Eyed Gal" (Gene Autry, Jimmy Long) by the Radio Rangers (chapter 8)
  • "Just Come On Back" (Gene Autry, Smiley Burnette) by the Radio Rangers (chapter 8)[1][8]

Chapter titles

  1. The Singing Cowboy
  2. The Thunder Riders
  3. The Lighting Chamber
  4. Phantom Broadcast
  5. Beneath the Earth
  6. Disaster from the Skies
  7. From Death to Life
  8. Jaws of Jeopardy
  9. Prisoner of the Ray
  10. The Rebellion
  11. A Queen in Chains
  12. The End of Murania


The Phantom Empire was released in theaters on February 23, 1935.[9] The serial was a "marked box office success."[7]

Cultural references

The 1979 television series Cliffhangers, which attempted to recreate the old movie serial feel by showing three serial chapters in each episode, included a serial titled "The Secret Empire", a pastiche of The Phantom Empire. Events in the underground empire were shown in color, but events on the surface were "in glorious black and white." Stock footage from the serial, as well as other serials, was used in the animated series Muppet Babies.

Fred Olen Ray, in 1988, filmed a movie called The Phantom Empire about treasure hunters braving a cavern system populated by troglodytes and other subterranean hazards to finally encounter an underground lost civilization. The movie makes reference to the serial and was itself in the end credits planned to have sequels that never were produced.

Alejandro Pérez Cervantes' short story collection, Murania, is highly inspired on the aesthetic of Murania and the lost continent of Mu as depicted in the film. It received the 2006 Julio Torri national award for short fiction in Mexico.

The webseries The Sam Plenty Cavalcade of Action Show Plus Singing! was inspired by the serial.

The UK Channel 4 show 'Exploitica' lampooned the serial, adding comedic sound effects, thought bubbles and captions to each episode.

See also


  1. Chapter 1 is 30 minutes. Chapters 2–12 are 18–20 minutes.
  2. Beginning with Sagebrush Troubadour in 1935, Burnette played the character of Frog Millhouse in 60 Autry films.
  1. Magers 2007, p. 21.
  2. Stedman 1971, 99-100.
  3. "The Phantom Empire". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved c 2012. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  4. Magers 2007, p. 22.
  5. Magers 2007, pp. 23–24.
  6. "Full cast and crew for The Phantom Empire". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved May 28, 2012.
  7. Harmon 1972, pp. 61–62.
  8. "Soundtracks for The Phantom Empire". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved May 28, 2012.
  9. Cline 1997, p. 212.
  • Cline, William C. (1997). In the Nick of Time: Motion Picture Sound Serials. McFarland & Company. ISBN 978-0786404711.
  • George-Warren, Holly (2007). Public Cowboy no. 1: The Life and Times of Gene Autry. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0195177466.
  • Green, Douglas B. (2002). Singing in the Saddle: The History of the Singing Cowboy. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press. ISBN 978-0826514127.
  • Harmon, Jim; Glut, Donald F. (1972). The Great Movie Serials: Their Sound and Fury. New York: Doubleday. ISBN 978-0385090797.
  • Stedman, Raymond William (1971). Serials: Suspense and Drama by Installment. University of Oklahoma Press. pp. 99–100. ISBN 978-0-8061-0927-5.
Preceded by
Mystery Mountain (1934)
Mascot Serial
The Phantom Empire (1935)
Succeeded by
The Miracle Rider (1935)
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.