The Mark of Athena

The Mark of Athena is an American fantasy-adventure novel written by Rick Riordan, based on Greek and Roman mythology. It was published on October 2, 2012, and is the third book in The Heroes of Olympus series, a spin-off of the Percy Jackson & the Olympians series. It is preceded by The Son of Neptune and followed by The House of Hades. The novel has since been translated into many languages and released as a hardcover, e-book, audiobook and paperback.

The Mark of Athena
First edition cover
AuthorRick Riordan
Cover artistJohn Rocco
CountryUnited States
SeriesThe Heroes of Olympus
(book 3)
GenreFantasy, Greek and Roman mythology, young adult fiction
PublisherDisney-Hyperion Books[1]
Publication date
October 2, 2012
Media typePrint (hardcover and paperback), audiobook, e-book
Pages586 (first ed., hardcover)[1]
LC ClassPZ7.R4829 Mar 2012[1]
Preceded byThe Son of Neptune 
Followed byThe House of Hades 

The story follows the Greek demigods Annabeth Chase, Leo Valdez, Piper McLean, and Percy Jackson; and the Roman demigods Jason Grace, Hazel Levesque, and Frank Zhang, finally uniting as prophesied in the "Prophecy of Seven". The novel is narrated in third-person, switching between the points of view of Annabeth, Percy, Piper, and Leo.

The Mark of Athena received positive reviews from critics for its humor, characters, and mix of elements. Criticism was focused on its slow pace, action, and different perspectives.


Six months after the events of The Lost Hero, Leo Valdez has constructed a flying trireme named Argo II, for use in the seven demigods' journey to Greece and Rome to stop Gaea from awakening. He, Jason Grace, Piper McLean, and Annabeth Chase, accompanied by Coach Hedge, arrive at Camp Jupiter to rendezvous with Percy Jackson and the Roman demigods Frank Zhang and Hazel Levesque. Annabeth, while having a talk with Camp Jupiter's praetor Reyna about the quest, reveals that in order to unite the Greek and Roman demigods against Gaea, they have to first retrieve the Athena Parthenos, a giant statue of Athena that was stolen by the Romans from the Greeks in ancient times and hidden somewhere in Rome. The statue can only be retrieved by the demigods of Athena through the help of the Mark of Athena, all of whom had died trying. However, an Eidolon sent by Gaea possesses Leo and forces him to fire a blast on the camp, inciting the paranoid augur, Octavian, to convince the Romans that the Greeks are a threat and have to be destroyed.

The seven demigods escape from Camp Jupiter and briefly land near the Great Salt Lake. Leo meets with Nemesis, who presents him with a fortune cookie that would help him later, but with consequences. Percy, Jason, and Piper meet with Bacchus at Kansas. With Gaea's directing, two Eidolons possess Percy and Jason, and later Leo, but both times they are repelled by Piper's charmspeak. Percy, Frank, and Hedge also face Phorcys and his sister, Keto at the Georgia Aquarium while searching for information about Gaea's plans, with the latter sending one of her children, a giant Scolopendra, after them. Throughout the journey, tensions arise between the demigods and Leo when he learns that Hazel's previous boyfriend is Leo's identical-looking great-grandfather. Nico di Angelo, who has been captured by the Giants during his travel to find the Doors of Death, is dying and must be saved. While searching for the Mark of Athena at Fort Sumter in Charleston, the demigods are ambushed by the Romans, but Reyna decides to let Annabeth continue her search for the Athena Parthenos, reminding that their next encounter will no longer be friendly. After this, she finds a map about the mark of Athena, and they get back to the ship thanks to both Percy and Jason fighting as one.

While crossing the Atlantic Ocean, the Argo II is attacked by the Scolopendra, and Leo, Frank, and Hazel are briefly sent underwater with Chiron's brother, the Ichthyocentaurs. While traveling to Rome, they dodge Hercules at the Strait of Gibraltar and sail through the Mediterranean Sea, confronting Chrysaor along the way. There, the group splits up, with Hedge guarding the ship; Percy, Jason, and Piper scouting the Colosseum; Frank, Hazel, and Leo searching for Nico; and Annabeth looking for the Athena Parthenos. Percy and Jason defeat Ephialtes and Otis, the twin Giants who captured Nico, with the help of Bacchus. Frank, Hazel, and Leo are trapped by the Eidolons underground. Using his fortune cookie, Leo bails them out. Annabeth, meanwhile, crosses a variety of challenges, eventually confronting Arachne and defeating her by trickery, pushing her into Tartarus. The demigods secure the Athena Parthenos and save Nico; however, Arachne uses her remaining silk and pulls Annabeth to Tartarus, along with Percy, who asks Nico to meet them at the other side of the Doors of Death. Leo, who realizes that Percy and Annabeth's fall are the "consequences" mentioned by Nemesis, feels personally responsible and sets the sail for Greece.[2]


  • Annabeth Chase – daughter of Athena (called Minerva by the Romans). She is tasked with recovering the Athena Parthenos, which will be instrumental in uniting the Greeks and Romans. Girlfriend of Percy Jackson.[2]
  • Leo Valdez – son of Hephaestus (known as Vulcan in the Roman pantheon) He is briefly possessed by an eidolon in the book, and feels personally responsible for Annabeth and Percy falling into Tartarus.[2]
  • Piper McLean – daughter of Aphrodite (known as Venus by the Romans). She is the girlfriend of Jason Grace. Piper has the gift of charmspeak.[2]
  • Percy Jackson – son of Poseidon who recently recovered from amnesia and formerly praetor in Camp Jupiter. He is the boyfriend of Annabeth Chase.[2]
  • Jason Grace – son of Jupiter.(Also known as Zeus in greek).Praetor of Camp Jupiter, who recently recovered from amnesia after Hera stole his memory. He is the boyfriend of Piper McLean.[2]
  • Hazel Levesque – daughter of Pluto (known as Hades to the Greek). Recently returned from the dead. She is the girlfriend of Frank Zhang.[2]
  • Frank Zhang – son of Mars (Ares to the Greek) and legacy of Poseidon. He is the boyfriend of Hazel Levesque. He briefly has tensions with Leo over Hazel.[2]
  • Coach Gleeson Hedgesatyr keeper of Camp Half-Blood. Hedge functions as the chaperone on board the Argo II.[2]
  • Nico di Angelo – son of Hades. He jumps into Tartarus to close the Doors of Death, but is captured by Ephialtes and Otis.[2]

Composition and marketing

Rick Riordan had been working on The Mark of Athena since the completion of The Son of Neptune.[3] He collaborated with John Rocco for creating the book's cover.[4]

During his tour to promote the last book of The Kane Chronicles, titled The Serpent's Shadow, Riordan read part of the first chapter of The Mark of Athena. The cover and full first chapter were also released on Disney's The Heroes of Olympus website.[5] On September 27, 2012, Riordan confirmed that there would be a first US printing of 3.5 million copies.


The Mark of Athena was released on October 2, 2012. Since then, it has been translated into many languages and released as a hardcover, e-book, audiobook and paperback.[6] It is available in hardcover, paperback, eBook and audiobook formats. During its first week, The Mark of Athena sold about 237,000 copies.[7]


The Mark of Athena received positive reviews from critics. Carrie R. Wheadon of Common Sense Media rated the novel 4/5 and commented, "Holding a fast-paced fantasy-quest-adventure together with seven different heroes that deserve almost equal weight has the potential to really weigh the story down", adding, "sometimes the action stops and readers will want to get back to their old pal Percy again". However, she finds that "overall, every hero takes a turn at being awesome."[8] Karen Rought of Hypable applauded Riordan for his "trademark humor", noting that his "clever lines" are "new, improved, and back with a vengeance". She appreciated the balance in the book, commenting that "[t]he funny moments weigh equally with the emotional bits" while noting it "slows down periodically to take note of everyone’s situation".[9]

Kirkus Reviews felt that the pace initially drags, during which the demigods resolve their relationships and attempt to solve both the prophecy and nightmare visions, while positively noting that the pace picks up mid-way and elements of humor begin to appear. They opine that much of the tension present in earlier books is missing. Kirkus concludes their review by writing, "Here, Riordan’s infectious love for his subject matter really comes through, even as he takes some real risks with his characters."[10] Conversely, The Horn Book Magazine observed, "Riordan's likable, strong, distinct characters drive the narrative in this rousing continuation of the saga."[11] Zach Dalzell of Scholastic writes that the novel is filled with "fascinating mythology, a bold sense of adventure, and intriguing love stories all tinged with Riordan's signature demigod humor", adding, "Mark of Athena doesn't disappoint as the Legend of Percy Jackson sails on."[12]

Few reviewers, including Meann Ortiz of GMA Network, criticized the multiple perspective format of the novel. Ortiz felt the different perspectives were tiresome and noted that the plot was very similar to that of previous books, saying it was a "testament to Riordan’s skills that the books never end up being too boring and predictable." He also noted "girlfriend" and "boyfriend" were "bandied around more times than necessary to establish who is with whom". However, he found it interesting to watch the characters grow up in another installment of the series and praised the cliffhanger ending.[13] A reviewer from The Guardian was less troubled, calling this "the best in the series so far" and praising its "funny bits", but concurred with Ortiz on the perspective format, which they felt was lopsided in favor of Annabeth, Percy and Jason.[14] In contrast, Benjamin Boche of KidsReads enjoyed having multiple narrators, writing, "Each one brings a breath of fresh air to whatever is happening and their unique perspectives keep things interesting." He adds, "There are many characters to juggle, but everyone has an important role and all their actions and storylines fit together seamlessly."[15]

Rebecca Fisher of Fantasy Literature rated it 3.5/5, writing, "Though it suffers a little from middle book syndrome, with nothing started and nothing finished, Riordan makes sure that Annabeth’s quest remains the key focus of the book, letting it drive the course of the otherwise sprawling narrative." While observing the narrative "can get a bit cluttered at times", Fisher appreciated "his [Riordan's] droll sense of writing style" and "contemporary updates on Greek and Roman mythology."[16] Booklist similarly appreciated the mix of various elements, opining, "Throughout the novel, the juxtaposition of humor and terror makes both aspects of the writing more vivid."[17]


The following book of the series, The House of Hades, was released on October 8, 2013.[18]


  1. "The mark of Athena". LC Online Catalog. Library of Congress ( Retrieved November 9, 2015.
  2. Riordan, Rick (2012). The Mark of Athena. New York: Disney-Hyperion. ISBN 978-1-4231-4060-3.
  3. Riordan, Rick. "Rick Riordan's Twitter". @camphalfblood. Disney-Hyperion. Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. Retrieved August 30, 2015.
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-01-24. Retrieved 2018-04-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. Riordan, Rick (September 27, 2013). "The Mark of Athena Excerpt" (PDF). The Heroes of Olympus. Disney-Hyperion. pp. 1–12. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 23, 2016. Retrieved August 30, 2015.
  7. "A Home Run for 'Hades'". Publishers Weekly. October 18, 2013. Archived from the original on September 3, 2014. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
  8. "The Mark of Athena: The Heroes of Olympus, Book 3 - Book Review". Archived from the original on 29 April 2018. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  9. "'The Mark of Athena review': Riordan doesn't need Hazel to strike gold". 8 October 2012. Archived from the original on 29 April 2018. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  10. "THE MARK OF ATHENA by Rick Riordan - Kirkus Reviews". Archived from the original on 12 July 2017. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  11. Riordan, Rick $0(DLC)345342; Riordan, Rick (29 April 2018). "The mark of Athena". Hyperion. Archived from the original on 1 January 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2018 via kcls Library Catalog.
  12. "Book Review: Heroes of Olympus Book 3: Mark of Athena - News For Kids, By Kids -". Archived from the original on 25 October 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  13. Ortiz, Meann (October 12, 2012). "Rick Riordan's 'The Mark of Athena' is a hit-and-miss affair". GMA Network. Archived from the original on September 3, 2014. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
  14. "Heroes of Olympus: the Mark of Athena by Rick Riordan - review". The Guardian. November 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 3, 2014. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
  15. "The Mark of Athena: The Heroes of Olympus, Book Three - Kidsreads". Archived from the original on 29 September 2017. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  16. "The Mark of Athena: A bit of middle book syndrome, but still action-packed - Fantasy Literature: Fantasy and Science Fiction Book and Audiobook Reviews". Archived from the original on 6 January 2017. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  17. "Mark of Athena, by Rick Riordan - Booklist Online". Archived from the original on 29 April 2018. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  18. "First Printing of 3.5 Million Copies Ordered by Disney for Rick Riordan's Latest Book" (Press release). Printing Impressions. September 27, 2013. Archived from the original on February 27, 2015. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
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