The Lion King (musical)
The Lion King is a musical based on the 1994 Walt Disney Animation Studios' animated feature film of the same name with music by Elton John, lyrics by Tim Rice, and book by Roger Allers and Irene Mecchi, along with additional music and lyrics by Lebo M, Mark Mancina, Jay Rifkin, Julie Taymor, and Hans Zimmer. Directed by Taymor, the musical features actors in animal costumes as well as giant, hollow puppets. The show is produced by Disney Theatrical Productions.
|The Lion King|
Broadway promotional poster
|Basis||The Lion King|
by Walt Disney Animation Studios
|Awards||Tony Award for Best Musical|
The musical debuted on July 8, 1997 in Minneapolis, Minnesota at the Orpheum Theatre and was successful before premiering on Broadway at the New Amsterdam Theatre on October 15, 1997 in previews, with the official opening on November 13, 1997. On June 13, 2006, the Broadway production moved to the Minskoff Theatre to make way for the musical version of Mary Poppins, where it is still running after more than 9,000 performances. It is Broadway's third longest-running show in history, and has grossed more than $1 billion, making it the highest grossing Broadway production of all time. Over 100 million people worldwide have seen the musical and it has earned numerous awards and honors, including six Tony Awards, one for Best Musical and Best Direction of a Musical, making director Julie Taymor the first woman to earn such an honor.
The show opened in the West End's Lyceum Theatre on October 19, 1999, and is still running after more than 7,500 performances. The cast of the West End production were invited to perform at the Royal Variety Performance in 1999 and 2008, in the presence of senior members of the British Royal Family.
In September 2014, The Lion King became the top-earning title in box-office history for both stage productions and films, surpassing the record previously held by The Phantom of the Opera. Both the Broadway and Hamburg productions have passed the $1 billion in cumulative gross. Two additional productions were announced for the new Walt Disney Grand Theatre at Shanghai Disney Resort and the Telcel Theatre in Mexico City. The Lion King musical has grossed nearly $8.1 billion as of 2017, its 20th aniversary on Broadway.
As the sun rises, Rafiki the mandrill calls the animals to Pride Rock. She greets King Mufasa and Queen Sarabi before presenting their cub to the gathered animals ("Circle of Life"). Elsewhere, Mufasa's brother, Scar, laments his lost chance at becoming King. Back at her baobab tree, Rafiki paints an image of the cub and asks the spirits to conjure the new prince's name: Simba.
Time passes and Simba grows into a lively young cub ("Grasslands Chant"). Mufasa shows Simba the Pride Lands from the top of Pride Rock and explains that everything exists in a delicate balance known as the Circle of Life. Mufasa warns Simba not to stray beyond the boundaries of the Pride Lands, pointing out a shadowy area in the distance. Zazu, a hornbill who acts as Mufasa's advisor, arrives and delivers his daily report on the state of affairs in the King's domain ("The Morning Report", now cut from the Broadway production).
Simba goes to see his Uncle Scar. The scheming lion piques the cub's curiosity by mentioning the elephant graveyard, where Simba is forbidden to go. Meanwhile, the lionesses go hunting ("The Lioness Hunt"). Simba arrives and asks his best friend, a female cub named Nala, to come with him to the elephant graveyard. He lies to the lionesses about where they are going, and Sarafina (Nala's mother) and Sarabi allow the cubs to go, escorted by Zazu. Simba and Nala formulate a plan and manage to lose Zazu, while Simba brags about his future position ("I Just Can't Wait to Be King").
The cubs go to the graveyard and begin to explore. Zazu catches up, but they are confronted by three hyenas: Shenzi, Banzai and Ed. The hyenas intend to eat the trespassers and they gloat about their find ("Chow Down"). Mufasa rescues the cubs and frightens off the hyenas.
Mufasa is disappointed and angry at Simba's reckless disobedience, and explains the difference between bravery and bravado. Mufasa tells Simba about the great kings of the past and how they watch over everything from the stars ("They Live in You"). Mufasa says that he will always be there for his son. Later he discusses Simba's behavior with Zazu, who reminds Mufasa that he had the same tendency to get into trouble at Simba's age.
Back at the elephant graveyard, Scar tells the hyenas of his plan to kill Mufasa and Simba so that he can become king. He raises an army of hyenas, promising that they will never go hungry again if they support him ("Be Prepared"). Scar takes Simba to a gorge and tells him to wait there. On Scar's signal, the hyenas start a wildebeest stampede into the gorge ("The Stampede"). Scar tells Mufasa that Simba is trapped in the gorge. Mufasa leaps into the stampede and manages to save his son, but as he tries to escape, Scar throws him off the cliff back into the stampede, killing him. Scar convinces Simba that his father's death was his fault and tells him to run away, but as he leaves, Scar orders the hyenas to kill him. Simba escapes but the hyenas tell Scar that he is dead. Rafiki and the lionesses mourn the deaths ("Rafiki Mourns"). Scar claims the throne and allows the hyenas into the Pride Lands ("Be Prepared (Reprise)"). Rafiki returns to her tree and smears the drawing of Simba, while Sarabi and Nala quietly grieve.
Out in the desert, Simba collapses from heat exhaustion. Vultures begin to circle, but are scared away by Timon the meerkat and Pumbaa the warthog. Simba feels responsible for Mufasa's death, but the duo take the cub to their jungle home and show him their carefree way of life and bug diet ("Hakuna Matata"). Simba grows to adulthood in the jungle.
The chorus, dressed in colorful clothes with ornate bird puppets and kites, begin the Second Act ("One by One"). As the song ends, however, the beautiful birds are replaced by vultures and gazelle skeletons. Under Scar's rule, the Circle of Life is out of balance and a drought has hit the Pride Lands. Zazu, now a prisoner of Scar, listens to the king's woes. The hyenas are complaining about the lack of food, but Scar is only concerned with himself and why he is not loved. He is haunted by visions of Mufasa and rapidly switches between delusional confidence and paranoid despair ("The Madness of King Scar"). Nala arrives to confront Scar about the famine and Scar decides she will be his queen and give him cubs. Nala fiercely rebukes him and resolves to leave the Pride Lands to find help. Rafiki and the lionesses bless her for her journey ("Shadowland").
Back in the jungle, Timon and Pumbaa want to sleep, but the restless Simba is unable to settle. Annoyed, Simba leaves them, but Timon and Pumbaa lose their courage and follow him. Simba leaps across a fast-moving river and challenges Timon to do the same. Timon falls in and is swept downstream. He grabs a branch over a waterfall and calls for Simba's help, but Simba is paralyzed by a flashback of Mufasa's death. Timon falls from the branch and Simba snaps out of the flashback, rescuing his friend. Simba is ashamed that Timon nearly died because of his recklessness.
The three friends settle to sleep and discuss the stars. Simba recalls Mufasa's words, but his friends laugh at the notion of dead kings watching them. Simba leaves, expressing his loneliness and bitterly recalling Mufasa's promise to be there for him ("Endless Night"). Rafiki hears the song on the wind, joyfully realizes that Simba is alive, and draws a mane onto her painting of Simba.
In the jungle, Pumbaa is hunted and chased by a lioness. Simba confronts her and saves his friend, but recognizes the lioness as Nala. She is amazed to find Simba alive, knowing that he is the rightful king. Timon and Pumbaa are confused, but Simba asks them to leave him and Nala alone. Timon realizes what is happening and laments the end of Simba's Hakuna Matata lifestyle ("Can You Feel the Love Tonight"). Nala tells Simba about the devastated Pride Lands, but Simba still feels responsible for Mufasa's death and refuses to return home.
On his own, Simba meets Rafiki, who explains that his father lives on ("He Lives in You"). Mufasa's spirit appears in the sky and tells Simba he is the one true king and must take his place in the Circle of Life. Reawakened, Simba finds his courage and heads for home. Meanwhile, Nala wakes Timon and Pumbaa to ask where Simba is, and Rafiki appears to tell them all the news. The three of them catch up with him in the Pride Lands, where he witnesses the ruin of his home. Timon and Pumbaa distract some hyenas by doing the Charleston, allowing Simba and Nala to reach Pride Rock.
Scar calls for Sarabi and demands to know why the lionesses are not hunting. Sarabi stands up to him about the lack of anything to hunt, angrily comparing him to Mufasa, and Scar strikes his sister-in-law, saying he's ten times the king Mufasa was. Enraged, Simba reveals himself. Scar forces a confession of murder from Simba and corners him. Believing that he has won, Scar taunts Simba by admitting that he killed Mufasa. Furious, Simba recovers and forces Scar to reveal the truth to the lionesses ("Simba Confronts Scar"). Simba's friends fight the hyenas while Simba battles Scar to the top of Pride Rock. Scar begs for his life, blaming the hyenas for everything. Simba lets him leave out of mercy, but Scar attacks again. Simba blocks the attack and Scar falls from the cliff. The hyenas, who heard Scar's betrayal and are still starving, tear him to shreds.
With the battle won, Simba's friends come forward and acknowledge Simba as the rightful king. Simba ascends Pride Rock and roars out across the kingdom ("King of Pride Rock"). The Pride Lands recover and the animals gather in celebration as Rafiki presents Simba and Nala's newborn cub, continuing the Circle of Life ("Circle of Life (Reprise)").
|Song||Written by||Performed by|
|"Circle of Life"||Elton John and Tim Rice||Rafiki and Company|
|"Grasslands Chant"||Lebo M||Company|
|"The Morning Report"*||Elton John and Tim Rice||Zazu, Young Simba, and Mufasa|
|"The Lioness Hunt"||Lebo M||Lionesses|
|"I Just Can't Wait to Be King"||Elton John and Tim Rice||Young Simba, Young Nala, Zazu, and Ensemble|
|"Chow Down"||Shenzi, Banzai, and Ed|
|"They Live in You"||Mark Mancina, Jay Rifkin, and Lebo M||Mufasa and Company|
|"Be Prepared"||Elton John and Tim Rice||Scar, Shenzi, Banzai, Ed, and Company|
|"The Stampede"||Hans Zimmer and Lebo M||Company|
|"Rafiki Mourns"||Rafiki, Sarabi, Young Nala, Ensemble|
|"Hakuna Matata"||Elton John and Tim Rice||Timon, Pumbaa, Young Simba, Simba, and Ensemble|
|"One by One"||Lebo M||Company|
|"The Madness of King Scar"||Elton John and Tim Rice||Scar, Zazu, Banzai, Shenzi, Ed and Nala|
|"Shadowland"||Hans Zimmer, Lebo M, and Mark Mancina||Nala and Company|
|"Endless Night"||Julie Taymor, Lebo M, Hans Zimmer, and Jay Rifkin||Simba and Company|
|"Can You Feel the Love Tonight"||Elton John and Tim Rice||Timon, Pumbaa, Simba, Nala, and Company|
|"He Lives in You (Reprise)"||Mark Mancina, Jay Rifkin, and Lebo M||Rafiki, Simba and Company|
|"Simba Confronts Scar"||Mark Mancina and Robert Elhai||Instrumental|
|"King of Pride Rock/Circle of Life (Reprise)"||Hans Zimmer and Lebo M/Elton John and Tim Rice||The Company|
* Cut from the show as of June 27, 2010
Differences between the musical and film
The musical incorporates several changes and additions to the storyline as compared to the film. The mandrill Rafiki's gender was changed to a female role because Taymor believed that there was generally no leading female character in the film. Rafiki was portrayed by Tsidii Le Loka in the original Broadway musical, and by Josette Bushell-Mingo in the original London production.
Several new scenes are present, including a conversation between Mufasa and Zazu about Mufasa's parenting and a perilous scene in which Timon finds himself nearly drowning in a waterfall while Simba feels powerless to help him. A major narrative addition is the depiction of Nala's departure in the scene "The Madness of King Scar", where the mentally deteriorating villain tries to make Nala his mate. Nala refuses and later announces her intention to depart the Pride Lands and find help. She receives the blessings of the lionesses and Rafiki during the new song "Shadowland".
Like its predecessor, the Beauty and the Beast musical, the show adds more songs to its stage production, including "Morning Report", sung by Zazu the hornbill and later added to the film for the Platinum Edition DVD release. "Shadowland". originally featured on the CD Rhythm of the Pride Lands with Zulu lyrics as "Lea Halelela", was adapted for the musical with new English lyrics. It is sung by Nala, the lionesses, and Rafiki. "Endless Night", also from Rhythm of the Pride Lands with Swahili lyrics as "Lala", is sung by Simba while reflecting on Mufasa's promise to always be there. "One by One", from the Rhythm of the Pride Lands CD, was adapted as the rousing African-styled entre act sung by the chorus at the opening of the second act.
Many of the animals portrayed in the production are actors in costume using extra tools to move their costumes. For example, the giraffes are portrayed by actors walking on stilts. For principal characters such as Mufasa and Scar, the costumes feature mechanical headpieces that can be raised and lowered to foster the illusion of a cat "lunging" at another. Other characters, such as the hyenas, Zazu, Timon, and Pumbaa, are portrayed by actors in life-sized puppets or costumes. The Timon character is described by Taymor as one of the hardest roles to master because the movement of the puppet's head and arms puts a strain on the actor's arms, back, and neck.
Composer Lebo M led the original Broadway chorus. The chorus members are usually visible in the production, rather than being hidden in the shadows as seen in some other musical shows.
A new section of the production, the Lioness Hunt, features a particularly complicated dance sequence for the actresses, and the dance is made even more difficult by the large headpieces worn during the scene.
During the show's run in China, Chinese elements were included in the musical. One of the songs was adapted to a well-known Chinese pop song, "Laoshu ai dami" or "Mice Love Rice". The cast even cracked jokes and attempted conversations with the audience in Chinese.
As of June 27, 2010, nine minutes of the Broadway version were cut, among them the entire "Morning Report" musical number. The song was also removed from subsequent productions and cast recordings, such as the Spanish one.
The musical is touring North America for the third time. This tour, named the Rafiki Tour, began on October 26, 2017. The tour version is very similar to the original Broadway production; however, certain scenic elements which rise out of the stage floor (such as Pride Rock, the stampede, and the grasslands) were converted to less costly configurations for the touring productions. The sun during the opening is reduced in size for the shorter-lasting tours. Stage sizes are also smaller, and the size of the pit orchestra is decreased. The first national tour (Gazelle Tour) launched on April 17, 2002 and closed on July 23, 2017. The second tour (Cheetah Tour) began on April 23, 2003 and ended on March 2, 2008.
A Las Vegas production opened at Mandalay Bay on May 15, 2009, with previews beginning May 5, 2009. The Las Vegas cast performed on the ninth season of the American dance competition Dancing With the Stars on September 23, 2009. Led by Buyi Zama, the cast performed Circle of Life. When this production closed, on December 30, 2011, it turned into the second longest run the show had in a same American city (only coming after Broadway), running longer than the 2000–2003 Los Angeles Production.
A Los Angeles production began performances at the Pantages Theatre on September 29, 2000, with an official opening on October 19, 2000. The show closed on January 12, 2003, after 952 performances. The cast of this production performed a set of the show's songs in The Tonight Show with Jay Leno on October 2, 2001. The cast was led by Fuschia Walker.
A Canadian production was staged in Toronto and ran for nearly four years at the Princess of Wales Theatre. The show was directed by the original director Julie Taymor and premiered on April 25, 2000. The Lion King ran until January 2004 when it had its final performance. This first Canadian staging comprised 1,560 performances and was seen by 2.9 million people according to David Mirvish, whose Mirvish Productions theater and management company owns and operates the theater. The Degrassi star Raymond Ablack starred as Young Simba In 2001. The show returned for a five-week engagement that began in April 2011, as part of the North American tour
The musical had a Mexican limited run (in English) between January 3 and January 27, 2008, in Mexico City, as part of the U.S. national tour.
In May 2014, it was confirmed a new production of the musical, this time in Spanish. The production ran from May 7, 2015 to January 14, 2018 at the Teatro Telcel in Mexico City for 930 performances. Carlos Rivera returned to the role of Simba, which he also took in Spain four years earlier. The lyrics of the songs of this production differed from the European Spanish one. South-African actress Shirley Hlahatse was chosen as Rafiki, marking the first time in years a completely new actress was elected for that role.
A Brazilian production was confirmed to debut in São Paulo in March 28, 2013. Auditions took place in São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Salvador. The cast contained mainly Brazilian actors and seven South African actors. The Portuguese lyrics were translated by Brazilian singer Gilberto Gil.
Actress Phindile Mkhize, who had previously performed in many of the show's productions, was selected as Rafiki for this production, leaving in October 2013 and being replaced by Ntsepa Pitjeng. The show closed its doors on December 14, 2014.
After the success of the Broadway show, the show opened in the United Kingdom in on October 19, 1999. The cast included Cornell John as Mufasa, Luke Youngblood as Young Simba, Dominique Moore as Young Nala, Martyn Ellis as Pumbaa, Simon Gregor as Timon, Rob Edwards as Scar, Paul J. Medford as Banzai and Josette Bushell-Mingo as Rafiki. As of October 2015, it has been playing at the Lyceum Theatre in London for 16 years. Taymor directed the British production of the show, with Melissa De Melo as the producer. The show also toured the UK from 2012 until March 2015.
The West End cast of the show performed twice at the traditional Royal Variety Performance: in 1999 (led by Josette Bushell-Mingo) and 2008 (led by Brown Lindiwe Mkhize). In both performances, the song Circle of Life was performed. The company also performed at the show Strictly Come Dancing special Strictly African Dancing, broadcast in 2005, led once again by Mkhize and performed the same song.
The German production has been playing in Hamburg at the Theater in Hafen since December 2001 and had its 5000th performance on January 14, 2014. Access to the theater is by ferry, where the boats are decorated in the colors of the musical and are named after characters in the musical (such as Nala and its sister ship Rafiki). By September 2014, the Hamburg production along with the Broadway produciton had passed the $1 billion in cumulative gross.
A Dutch production of the show was produced by Joop van den Ende Theaterproducties/Stage Entertainment and played at the Circustheater in Scheveningen, The Hague, running from April 4, 2004, until August 27, 2006, when it was replaced by another Disney musical, Tarzan. A revival of the Dutch production ran for 1139 performances at the same Circustheater from October 30, 2016 to July 21, 2019.
The show's French production debuted in Paris on September 22, 2007, in Stage Entertainment's Théâtre Mogador. This production won several Moliére Awards and closed on July 25, 2010, after being watched by over a million people.
On October 20, 2011, the first Spanish production opened at Teatro Lope de Vega in Madrid, where it is still running after more than 3,000 performances.
In Basel, Switzerland, the musical was performed for the first time from March 12, 2015, until October 11, 2015.
Beginning in June 2007, The Lion King debuted its first-ever performance on the African continent in Johannesburg, South Africa at the Teatro at Montecasino. The Lion King was the first production to take place in the new theatre. The cast featured 53 artists, of whom all were South African. The opening night in Johannesburg was celebrated with key persons involving the creation of the musical and American talk show host Oprah Winfrey who had recently opened an educational academy for girls in Johannesburg The show closed on February 17, 2008.
The show was translated into Japanese and staged by the Shiki Theatre Company. The Tokyo production began in 1998 and continues to the present day at the Shiki Theatre HARU. The production achieved its 10,000th performance on July 15, 2015.
It is the second longest-running musical production in Japan, running only behind the musical Cats, selling 10.26 million tickets as of March 2016.
The musical had a Korean production from October 28, 2006, to October 28, 2007, at the Charlotte Theater in Seoul, where it ran for 330 performances.
In August 2008, a production opened in Taipei, Taiwan, closing on August 24, 2009.
The show had a limited run at Shanghai's Grand Theatre from July to September 2006. This production was led by Buyi Zama and was performed in English, though a couple of Chinese elements were added to the story. From June 14, 2016, until October 8, 2017, The Lion King returned to China, in a new production that was staged at the 1,200 capacity Walt Disney Grand Theatre, in the Shanghai Disney Resort, where it ran for 500 performances. This production was performed in Mandarin and led by Ntsepa Pitjeng.
The show played at the Capitol Theatre in Sydney, Australia, from October 16, 2003, until June 26, 2005. The production then ran at the Regent Theatre in Melbourne from July 28, 2005, until June 4, 2006. The Lion King returned to Sydney's Capitol Theatre on December 12, 2013.
On March 28, 2018, the first international tour officially opened at the Solaire Resort & Casino in Manila, with confirmed stops in Singapore, South Korea (Daegu, Seoul, and Busan), Taipei, Bangkok, Hong Kong, China (Wuhan, and Beijing), and South Africa. All these countries have had productions so far, except the Philippines and Thailand. The tour is performed in English and led by Ntsepa Pitjeng.
- Simba: a male lion who is next in line to become king, son of Mufasa
- Scar: a male lion, Simba's uncle and Mufasa's brother; he kills Mufasa in order to become king
- Mufasa: a male lion, King of the Pridelands; Simba's father and Sarabi's husband
- Sarabi: a lioness, Simba's mother and Mufasa's wife
- Nala: a lioness who later becomes Simba's love interest
- Rafiki: a female mandrill who serves as narrator
- Timon: a male meerkat who becomes a friend with Simba
- Pumbaa: a male warthog who also becomes a friend with Simba
- Zazu: a male hornbill, Mufasa's majordomo
- Shenzi: a female hyena; one of Scar's minions
- Banzai: a male hyena; one of Scar's minions
- Ed: a male hyena who cannot speak; one of Scar's minions
- The ensemble consists of a variety of African animals, Scar's hyenas, and plants
The original principal casts of all major productions.
|Character||Broadway||West End||Johannesburg||Hamburg||The Hague||Paris||Las Vegas||Gazelle Tour
(1st U.S. Tour)
(2nd U.S. Tour)
(3rd U.S. Tour)
|Simba||Jason Raize||Roger Wright||Andile Gumbi||Gino Emnes||Etiënne Poeder||Jérémy Fontanet||Clifton Oliver||Josh Tower||Brandon Victor Dixon||Gerald Caesar|
|Scar||John Vickery||Rob Edwards||Mark Rayment||Marc Hetterle||Hein van der Heijden||Olivier Breitman||Thom Sesma||Patrick Page||Larry Yando||Mark Campbell|
|Mufasa||Samuel E. Wright||Cornell John||Sello Maake-Kancube||Michael Edward-Stevens||Edwin Jonker||Jean-Luc Guizonne||Alton Fitzgerald White||Rufus Bonds, Jr.||Gerald Ramsey|
|Nala||Heather Headley||Paulette Ivory||Tsholo Monedi||Senit||Carolina Dijkhuizen||Léah Vincent||Kissy Simmons||Kissy Simmons||Adia Ginneh||Nia Holloway|
|Rafiki||Tsidii Le Loka||Josette Bushell-Mingo||Buyisile Zama||Velephi Patricia Mnisi||Nomvula Dlamini||Zama Magudulela||Buyi Zama||Fredi Walker-Browne||Thandazile A. Soni||Buyi Zama|
|Timon||Max Casella||Simon Gregor||Peter Mashigo||Oliver Grice||Mark Lauwrys||Christian Abart||Damian Baldet||John Plumpis||Benjamin Clost||Nick Cordileone|
|Pumbaa||Tom Alan Robbins||Martyn Ellis||Pierre van Heerden||Lakke Magnusson||Marcel Jonker||Fabrice de La Villehervé||Adam Kozlowski||Blake Hammond||Bob Amaral||Ben Lipitz|
|Zazu||Geoff Hoyle||Gregory Gudgeon||Lyall Ramsden||Joachim Benoit||Laus Steenbeeke||David Eguren||Patrick Kerr||Jeffrey Binder||Derek Hasenstab||Greg Jackson|
|Shenzi||Tracy Nicole Chapman||Stephanie Charles||Candida Mosoma||Anastasia Bain||Peggy Sandaal||Céline Languedoc||Jacquie Hodges||Jacquelyn Hodges||Shaullanda LaCombe||Martina Sykes|
|Banzai||Stanley Wayne Mathis||Paul J. Medford||Simon Gwala||Jerrel Houtsnee||Jerrel Houtsnee||Valery Rodriguez||Keith Bennett||James Brown-Orleans||Melvin Abston||Keith Bennett|
|Ed||Kevin Cahoon||Christopher Holt||Michael Bagg||Enrique Segura||Mark Fleischmann||Mickaël Viguier||Robbie Swift||Wayne Pile||Brian Sills||Robbie Swift|
|Sarabi||Gina Breedlove||Dawn Michael||Zoe Mthiyane||Araba Walton||Joanne Telesford||Melina M'Poy||Jean Michelle Grier||Kimber Sprawl|
|Young Simba||Scott Irby-Ranniar||Luke Youngblood||Tshepiso Morake||Otis Jacinto||Revano Martodikromo||Sofiane Ledhem||Duane Ervin
|Akil I. Lugman
Christopher Warren, Jr.
|Khaleel Mandel Carter||Joziyah Jean-Felix
|Young Nala||Kajuana Shuford||Dominique Moore||Hlengiwe Maseko||Malia Zoungrana||Shanice Narain||Ketsia Toto||Ruby Crawford
Cajai Fellows Johnson
Danielle W. Jalade
The original production crew for the Broadway production.
|Musical Director||Joseph Church|
|Scenic Design||Richard Hudson|
|Costume Design||Julie Taymor|
|Lighting Design||Donald Holder|
|Mask Design||Julie Taymor & Michael Curry|
|Puppet Design||Julie Taymor & Michael Curry|
|Sound Design||Tony Meola|
|Hair Design||Michael Ward|
|Make-up Design||Michael Ward|
|Projection Design||Geoff Puckett|
|Associate Scenic Design||Peter Eastman & Jonathan Fensom|
|Associate Costume Design||Mary Nemecek Peterson|
|Associate Lighting Design||Jeanne Koenig|
- Phindile Mkhize and Ntsepa Ptjeng are the only actresses who performed as leadings in three different languages the musical's been performed in. Phindile performed in English (American tour and Las Vegas, 2002–2010), Spanish (from 2012 to 2013) and Portuguese (2013); while Ntsepa was leading in Brazil (2014, as a substitute to Phindile), Basel (2015) and Shanghai (2016).
- They are followed by Zama Magudulela, who performed as leading in two different languages the musical's been performed in: French (2007 to 2010) and Spanish (2011 to the present day). Zama is also the sole actress ever to perform in four different companies, as she was in the first Australian tour (2003–2006), German (2006), French (2007–2010) and Spanish (2011-present) productions.
- Portia Manyike is the only actress ever to perform in three different languages, though she was never promoted to leading cast member. She's been part of the ensemble in France, Brazil and Mexico.
- Nteliseng Nkhela (German and English), Nomvula Dlamini (English and Dutch), Ntsepa Pitjeng (English, Portuguese and Mandarin), Thabile Mtshali (English and Portuguese) and Mukelisiwe Goba (English and Spanish) are the only actresses who performed as leading Rafikis in productions in two different languages.
- John Vickery was the first actor to move from Broadway into a different production of the show, when he chose to leave Broadway in 1999 to move to the Los Angeles production in 2000.
- Sheila Gibbs was the first actress to move from a standby into a leading role. She was a Rafiki understudy for Tsidi Le Loka from 1997 to 1998 and was selected as leading from 2001 to 2002. This was followed by Gugwana Dlamini, who was a standby (1999–2002) and a leading (2002–2005) in the show's London production and Buyisile Zama, who was a standby for Gugwana in London (2002–2003) and leading actress for the show's first Australian tour (2003–2006).
- Nomvula Dlamini was the first, and so far the only, actress who moved from Broadway into a production performed in a different language, being the leading Rafiki on Broadway (2002–2004) and Holland (2004–2006).
- Spanish actors Esteban Oliver and Mukelisiwe Goba were the first actors who moved from Spain into Broadway, when they respectively took over the role of Zazu and Rafiki understudy in 2014 for a couple of months. Mukelisiwe then was transferred to the Gazelle Tour, taking over Tshidi Manye in September 2015.
- Having been in the show since its 1997 premiere, actress Lindiwe Dlamini is the actress who's been for more time in the show. She's followed by Joachim Benoit, who's been regularly performing as Zazu since the show premiered in Germany, in 2001.
- Melina M'Poy was the first actress to perform as the two leading lionesses. She was Sarabi (France, 2007–2010) and Nala (Basel, London, UK tour and Singapore, 2011–2015).
- The Londoner production is known to have been the first to have selected non-African actresses to perform as Rafiki, since actresses Josette Bushell-Mingo (1999–2001) and Sharon D. Clarke (2001–2003) are English, though their understudies were South African. The American tour companies followed this when Fredi Walker and Fuchsia Walker were chosen as Rafiki in 2001 as leadings for the first American tour and the Los Angeles one, respectively.
- The Japanese and Korean productions also stand out since never throughout them the productions had leading African actresses. Native Japanese and Korean actresses performed as Rafiki during the productions.
- Buyi Zama (2002–2016), Zama Magudulela (2002 up to the present day), Brown Lindiwe Mkhize (starting in 2005), Futhi Mhlongo (2000–2004; 2010–2018), Tshidi Manye (2000 up to the present day), Gugwana Dlamini (2002– up to present day), Thandazile A. Soni (2002–2010; 2012 up to the present day), and Mpume Sikakane (2002 up to the present day) are the actresses who've been performing as either leading or stand-bys to Rafiki for the longest time, having performed in several productions.
- Alton Fitzgerald White (2002–2015), Nathaniel Stampley (2006–2010), and David Comrie (leading in the Spanish production from 2011 to 2017) performed as Mufasa for longer than any other actor. Behind them comes Jean-Luc Guizonne, who performed in Paris, Singapore and German (from 2007 to 2014).
- On several occasions, members from different productions agreed to change places. That happened twice: when Patrick Brown (American tour) and Gareth Saxe (Broadway) changed places as leading Scar in 2014–2015; Buyi Zama (American tour) changed places with Tshidi Manye (Broadway) as Rafiki in 2013–2014 and when Brown Lindiwe Mkhize (London) changed places with Nteliseng Nkhela (American tour) again as Rafiki in 2013. More recently, Tryphena Wade and Chondra Profit agreed to change places from the North American tour to Broadway.
- When actress Shirley Hlahatse was chosen as the leading Rafiki in the Mexican production of the show, it marked the first time in years an actress who had never been in the show before was given the role. In most occasions, understudies or standbys were promoted to leading.
- South African dancer Keswa was 18 years old when she arrived on Broadway in 1999. She was the youngest performer ever to be given a role in the show's ensemble group.
- Balungile Gumede and Marvette Williams are the actresses who have played Sarabi for the longest timespan in the show. Balungile as of February 2018 is a cover Sarabi, however she started in the German production of the show in 2010 taking over Marvette playing Sarabi until 2017 when she was replaced by Kerry Jean. They are followed by Tryphena Wade, who's also performing as the lioness since 2010.
- Enrique Segura is the actor who played Ed for the longest timespan in the show, being on it for more than a decade.
- Segura is followed by Bonita J. Hamilton and James Brown-Orleans, who have been performing as hyenas Shenzi and Banzai for more than 5 years.
- Nokubonga Khuzwayo has been performing as Nala for the longest timespan in the show. She's performed in South Africa (2007–2008), Taiwan (2008), Las Vegas (2010–2011), American tour (2011) and Germany (2012–2017).
- Lebo M, Tsidii LeLoka, Willi Welp and Gustavo Vaz were the only actors who were performers and directors of the show. Lebo M was the composer of various of the show's songs and performed on Broadway (1997–2000), Willi Welp performed as Scar from 2005 to 2015 and then left to be the resident director of the show's German production and Gustavo was the resident director of the show's Brazilian production at the same time he was a Scar and Pumbaa standby. Original Broadway Rafiki Tsidi LeLoka was also part of the show's creative team, as she's the one responsible for adding Rafiki's chants to the story and writing her mourning song.
- When Carlos Rivera played his 1000th performance on January 27, 2016, he turned into the actor who's been performing as a leading Simba for the longest time in the show. He played the role in Spain for 700 times and for more than 300 times in Mexico. He finally left the show in May 2016.
- Rivera is also the sole leading cast member whose voice can be heard in two different recordings. He takes part in the Spanish (2011) and Mexican (2015) cast recordings.
- While it's a rule for all the productions of the show to have at least 6 South African performers in their casts, the South African one had a cast fully made of native actors.
- Nosipho Nkonqa is the cast member who's been in more productions than any other. She was in the Holland (2004–2006), South African (2007–2008), Taiwan (2008), Singapore (2011), United Kingdom tour (2012–2015), Basel (2015) and London (2016 up to the present time) productions.
- Andile Gumbi is the actor who performed as Simba for the longest time in the show. He was in the original Australian tour (2003–2006), Shanghai (2006), Johannesburg (2007–2008), London (2009–2012) and Broadway (2012–2013). He is followed by Jonathan Andrew Hume, who performed as a standby (2001–2011) and as a full-time cast member (2011–2016) for the role.
- Vusi Sondyazi is one of the actors who've been on the show for the longest time. He's been serving as an ensemble singer and Mufasa understudy since 2003 and stays in the Gazelle Tour cast at the present, after having performed on Broadway, Taipei and Las Vegas as well.
- Ntomb'Khona Dlamini is the actress who served as an understudy or ensemble member for the longest time. She was in the original Broadway company as an understudy to Tsidi LeLoka. After leaving for a brief time between 2000 and 2001, she went on to perform in the American tours. Summing up all this time, she's been in the show for more than 15 years, finally leaving the company in 2013.
- Gaia Aikman will be the first actress ever to perform as both Young and Adult Nala. She was one of the children assigned for that role in the original Dutch production (2004–2006) and was selected as the leading for the adult version of the same character in the Dutch revival production (2016–2017). Other notable young actors and actress' who have gone on to be a part of the Adult Ensemble include: Lauren Alexandra Young Nala (London 2000) Ensemble Cover Nala (London 2013-2014), André Fabien Francis Young Simba (London 2004) Ensemble (Germany 2015-2018), Jermaine Woods Young Simba (London 2005) Ensemble Cover Ed (UK Tour 2014-2015).
Most of the show's international productions had cast recordings which are available on CD, including:
- 1997 Broadway Cast
- The original Broadway cast recording is the only cast recording of the musical that comes with the song "The Lion Sleeps Tonight". It's also the only cast recording that does not come with the full reprise of "Circle of Life", the last four verses of that song being added to the CD.
- 1999 Japanese Cast
- The Japanese cast recording was re-released in 2011 with four extra karaoke tracks and new renditions of the songs using the instrumental tracks of the 1999 CD. (Walt Disney Records, ASIN: B0058X1C3S)
- 2002 German Cast
- At sometime after the show's German debut, alternate versions of the songs "Der ewige kreis", "Endlose Nacht", "Er lebt in dir" and "Kann es wirklich liebe sein" (German versions of "Circle of Life", "Endless Night", "He Lives in You" and "Can You Feel The Love Tonight?") were released.
- 2004 Dutch Cast
- The 2016 Dutch revival production had a newly live recorded cast album with different instrumental tracks for the songs.
- 2007 French Cast
- Some time during the promotion of the French promotion, a CD-single containing a medley of the songs "Ils Vivent en Toi" and "Il Vit en Toi" (French versions of "They Live in You" and "He Lives in You") was released, with a music video being recorded with actors Zama Magudulela (Rafiki), Jeremy Fontanet (Adult Simba) and Jean-Luc Guizonne (Mufasa) performing and singing the song with natives chanting in the background. This new version of the songs were also included in a special, double edition of the French cast recording that also came with a bonus DVD.
- 2007 South African Cast (live performance audio CD)
- The song "Rafiki Mourns" was cut from this CD, while every other song was included in their complete form. The CD also comes with a remix of the song "One by One" performed by the cast.
- 2011 Spanish Cast
- The Spanish CD already comes with the cuts made to the Broadway production in 2010. The song "The Morning Report" was totally cut, with some minutes of "Can You Feel The Love Tonight" and "The Madness of King Scar". Also, it is the only non-English CD where "One by One" was renamed due to the language (in Spanish, it became "Somos mil"), though the song is performed with its original lyrics.
- 2015 Mexican Cast
- In this release, the Mexican Spanish versions of Simba Confronts Scar and Circle of Life (Reprise) were comprised into a single song, this version being named Confrontación/Finale. It also includes the song which Timon sings to fool the hyenas, which was recorded in the studio and added to the cast album.
- With the release of the Mexican cast recording, Spanish was the first language in which the musical was performed that spawned two different cast recordings. Mexican Spanish lyrics were translated by Aleks Syntek and Armando Manzanero.
- Note: A recording entitled The Lion King, by the London Theatre Orchestra and Singers, was released on November 14, 2000 (D-3 Entertainment, ASIN: B00004ZDR6). This is not the London original cast recording.
Of all the show's productions (counting the English ones), only the Brazilian and the Korean ones didn't have cast recordings released.
The Lion King: Original Broadway Cast Recording
The Lion King: Original Broadway Cast Recording is a cast recording released on 1997 by The Walt Disney Company, a recording of the songs as heard in the stage musical. Most of the tracks were composed by African composer Lebo M. and focused primarily on the African influences of the film's original music, with most songs being sung either partially or entirely in various African languages.
Rafiki's chants in "Rafiki Mourns" were written by Tsidii Le Loka, who originated the role on Broadway.
- "Circle of Life" – Faca Kulu, Lebo M, The Lion King Ensemble and Tsidii Le Loka
- "Grasslands Chant" – The Lion King Ensemble
- "The Morning Report" – Geoff Hoyle, Samuel E. Wright and Scott Irby-Ranniar
- "The Lioness Hunt" – Lebo M and The Lion King Ensemble
- "I Just Can't Wait to Be King" – Geoff Hoyle, Kajuana Shuford, Scott Irby-Ranniar and The Lion King Ensemble
- "Chow Down" – Kevin Cahoon, Stanley Wayne Mathis and Tracy Nicole Chapman
- "They Live in You" – Samuel E. Wright and The Lion King Ensemble
- "Be Prepared" – John Vickery, Kevin Cahoon, Stanley Wayne Mathis, The Lion King Ensemble and Tracy Nicole Chapman
- "The Stampede" – The Lion King Ensemble
- "Rafiki Mourns" – The Lion King Ensemble and Tsidii Le Loka
- "Hakuna Matata" – Jason Raize, Max Casella, Scott Irby-Ranniar, The Lion King Ensemble and Tom Alan Robbins
- "One by One" – Lebo M and The Lion King Ensemble
- "The Madness of King Scar" – Geoff Hoyle, Heather Headley, John Vickery, Kevin Cahoon, Stanley Wayne Mathis and Tracy Nicole Chapman
- "Shadowland" – Heather Headley, The Lion King Ensemble and Tsidii Le Loka
- "The Lion Sleeps Tonight" – Lebo M
- "Endless Night" – Jason Raize and The Lion King Ensemble
- "Can You Feel the Love Tonight" – Heather Headley, Jason Raize, Max Casella, The Lion King Ensemble and Tom Alan Robbins
- "He Lives in You (Reprise)" – Jason Raize, The Lion King Ensemble and Tsidii Le Loka
- "Simba Confronts Scar" – Mark Mancina and Robert Elhai
- "King of Pride Rock/Circle of Life (Reprise)" – Geoff Hoyle, Heather Headley, Jason Raize, Lebo M, Max Casella, The Lion King Ensemble, Tom Alan Robbins and Tsidii Le Loka
- Note: The songs "Grasslands Chant", "The Lioness Hunt", "Chow Down", "They Live in You", "Rafiki Mourns", "One by One", "The Madness of King Scar", "Shadowland", "Endless Night" and "Simba Confronts Scar" are new songs written for the musical.
The original Broadway show included:
- 1 wood flute soloist/flute/piccolo
- 1 concertmistress
- 2 violins
- 1 violin/viola
- 2 cellos
- 1 flute/clarinet/bass clarinet
- 3 French horns
- 1 trombone
- 1 bass trombone/tuba
- 1 upright & electric basses
- 1 drums
- 1 guitar
- 2 mallets/percussion
- 2 percussion
- 3 keyboard synthesizers
Awards and nominations
Original Broadway production
Original London production
|1999||Laurence Olivier Awards||Best New Musical||Nominated|
|Best Actor in a Musical||Rob Edwards||Nominated|
|Best Actress in a Musical||Josette Bushell-Mingo||Nominated|
|Best Director||Julie Taymor||Nominated|
|Best Theatre Choreographer||Garth Fagan||Won|
|Best Set Design||Richard Hudson||Nominated|
|Best Costume Design||Julie Taymor||Won|
|Best Lighting Design||Donald Holder||Nominated|
Original France production
|2008||Molière Awards||Best Musical||Won|
|Best Costume Design||Julie Taymor||Won|
|Best Lighting Design||Donald Holder||Won|
Original Australian Production
|2004||Helpmann Awards||Best Musical||Won|
|Best Direction of a Musical||Julie Taymor||Won|
|Best Choreography in a Musical||Garth Fagan||Won|
|Best Female Actor in a Musical||Buyisile Zama||Nominated|
|Best Male Actor in a Musical||Tony Harvey||Nominated|
|Best Female Actor in a Supporting Role in a Musical||Cherine Peck||Nominated|
|Best Male Actor in a Supporting Role in a Musical||Terry Bader||Nominated|
|Best Original Score||Tim Rice, Elton John, Lebo M, Hans Zimmer, Julie Taymor, Mark Mancina & Jay Rifkin||Nominated|
|Best Costume Design||Julie Taymor||Won|
|Best Lighting Design||Donald Holder||Nominated|
|Best Sound Design||Steve Kennedy||Nominated|
- Steven., Suskin, (2011). The sound of Broadway music : a book of orchestrators and orchestrations. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 595. ISBN 0199790841. OCLC 700406779.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
- Gans, Andrew (September 22, 2014). "The Lion King Is Now Top Earner in Box-Office History". Playbill. Retrieved November 26, 2019.
- Scheps, Leigh (November 10, 2017). "'The Lion King' Turns 20: How the Disney Musical Became One of Broadway's Best (Exclusive)". Entertainment Tonight. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
- "'The Lion King celebrates its 9,000th Broadway performance today". broadwayworld.com. June 5, 2019. Retrieved Jun 8, 2019.
- "Cumulative Broadway Grosses by Show". BroadwayWorld.com. Retrieved February 9, 2014.
- "THE LION KING Becomes 3rd-Longest Running Broadway Show of All Time; Passes CATS". Broadway World. October 31, 2015. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
- "Disney The Lion King | About". www.lionking.com. Retrieved 2019-06-08.
- "An all-star line up unveiled for the 80th anniversary show on BBC ONE" (PDF). Entertainment Artistes' Benevolent Fund. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 3, 2008. Retrieved November 17, 2008.
- Seymour, Lee (December 18, 2017). "Over The Last 20 Years, Broadway's 'Lion King' Has Made More Money For Disney Than 'Star Wars'". Forbes.
- "Broadway's Lion King Now Nine Minutes Shorter". Playbill. June 26, 2010. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- The South Bank Show: The Lion King Musical
- Taymor, Julie, The Lion King: Pride Rock on Broadway (Disney Editions, 1998).
- "Disney musical debuts in Shanghai, impressing audience with Chinese elements". People's Daily Online. July 19, 2006.
- "Tour" lionking.com, retrieved July 12, 2019
- >" 'The Lion King' Tour" ibdb.com, retrieved July 12, 2019
- "Gazelle Tour" ibdb.com, retrieved July 12, 2019
- Andrew Gans (March 11, 2009). "Sesma, White, Williams, Zama and Simmons Cast in Las Vegas Lion King". Playbill. Archived from the original on March 15, 2009.
- Dan Bacalzo (September 10, 2009). "Lion King Cast to Perform on September 23 Dancing With the Stars". Theater Mania.
- "Canada Will Hear Lion King Roar in March 2000 in Toronto | Playbill". Playbill. Retrieved 2018-09-23.
- "Toronto Theatre Gathers Tributes to Princess Diana | Playbill". Playbill. Retrieved 2018-09-23.
- "MISAFF14 Star". MISAFF Mosaic International South Asian Film Festival. Retrieved 2016-04-07.
- "The Circle of Life: The Lion King returning to Toronto". National Post. 2010-04-19. Retrieved 2018-09-23.
- BWW News Desk. "'The Lion King' Celebrates Successful Mexico City Premiere". BroadwayWorld.com.
- Andrew Gans (June 13, 2014). "'The Lion King' to Play Shanghai and Mexico City". Playbill.
- "Musical "O Rei Leão" estreia em SP em março; conheça os atores da peça". BOL. January 28, 2013.
- Lucas (April 26, 2012). "O Rei Leão - Musical desembarca em São Paulo em 2013". O Camundongo. Archived from the original on April 29, 2012.
- UOL (September 23, 2014). "Musical "O Rei Leão" estende temporada até 14 de dezembro". Guia UOL.
- Billington, Michael. The Lion King, The Guardian, October 20, 1999, accessed October 16, 2015.
- Wolf, Matt. "Review: The Lion King (Lyceum Theater)", Variety, October 25, 1999, accessed October 16, 2015.
- "The Lion King Celebrates 15 Years in the West End" Archived 2016-02-06 at the Wayback Machine, London Theatre Information and Tickets, October 13, 2014; accessed October 16, 2015.
- "Royal Variety show for Lion King", BBC News, November 14, 2008.
- Disney’s The Lion King komt terug naar Nederland
- "Le Roi Lion" à Paris : fermeture annoncée pour le 25 juillet 2010, "Mamma Mia" attendu dans la foulée Archived 2016-03-02 at the Wayback Machine
- "Gran estreno del musical de Disney El rey león en el corazón de Madrid". elreyleon.es. October 21, 2011.
- "El musical El rey león alcanza las 2.000 funciones en Madrid". europapress.es. September 7, 2016.
- "'The Lion King' kommt 2015 in die Schweiz". 20 Minuten. April 29, 2014. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
- "The Lion King - Joburg.co.za". Joburg. 2006-09-13. Retrieved 2018-09-23.
- Davie, Lucille."The Lion King comes home", southafrica.info, June 8, 2007.
- "Ongoing Productions". shiki.jp.
- "Japanese version of 'Lion King' musical marks 10,000th performance". Kyodo news. July 15, 2015.
- "JAPAN'S PERFORMING/VISUAL ARTS SECTOR: MARKET OVERVIEW, PERCEPTIONS AND PRACTICAL MARKET ENTRY" (PDF). EU Business in Japan. EU-Japan Centre for Industrial Cooperation. March 2016. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
- "Disney's The Lion King to Play Shanghai". playbill.com.
- Cynthia Momdjian (June 13, 2014). "Disney's 'The Lion King' Coming to Shanghai Disney Resort, ESPN and Google Collaborate for the 2014 FIFA World Cup, Josh Trank to Direct Stand-Alone 'Star Wars' Film". The Walt Disney Company.
- Elissa Blake (May 8, 2013). "Rice's roar talent back on show". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
- The Lion King International tour official website
- "First international tour of Disney's The Lion King premieres in Manila". broadwayworld.com. March 30, 2018.
- League, The Broadway. "The Lion King – Broadway Musical – Original | IBDB". www.ibdb.com. Retrieved 2018-09-23.
- Nuestro Zazu vuela a Broadway
- Lion King's queen
- 'Lion King' spiritual guide ends Broadway run to take the show on the road
- Celebra Carlos Rivera 1000 funciones como Simba en El Rey León
- Andile Gumbi Joins Cast of THE LION KING as 'Simba' Tonight
- "amazon.com listing for Lion King recordings", amazon.com
- "listing for the 2011 Japanese cast recording", amazon.com, accessed February 19, 2015.
- "Le Roi Lion > Original Paris Cast : CastAlbums.org". castalbums.org.
- "The Lion King > Original South African Cast : CastAlbums.org". castalbums.org.
- "Syntek y Manzanero musicalizan El Rey León". holaciudad.com.
- "listing for London 2000 recording", amazon.com, accessed January 12, 2009.
- The Broadway League. "The Lion King - IBDB: The official source for Broadway Information IBDB: The official source for Broadway Information". ibdb.com.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to The Lion King.|