The Lightning Thief

The Lightning Thief is an American fantasy-adventure novel based on Greek mythology, the first young adult novel written by Rick Riordan in the [[Percy Jackson & the Adult Library Services Association]]'s Best Books for Young Adults, among other awards. It was adapted into a film named Percy Jackson & the Olympians: The Lightning Thief released in the United States on February 12, 2010. This novel is followed by The Sea of Monsters and spawned two sequel series and the extended universe of the Camp Half-Blood chronicles.

The Lightning Thief
First edition cover
AuthorRick Riordan
Cover artistPeter Bollinger
John Rocco (later edition matching the sequels)
CountryUnited States
SeriesPercy Jackson & the Olympians (bk 1)
GenreFantasy, Young adult, Greek mythology
PublisherMiramax Books[1]
Puffin Books, Disney-Hyperion
Publication date
July 1, 2005 (hardcover)
April 1, 2006 (paperback)[2]
Media typePrint (hardcover), audiobook CD
LC ClassPZ7.R4829 Li 2005[3]
Followed byThe Sea of Monsters[4] 

Development and publication

Development for The Lightning Thief began when author Rick Riordan made up stories for his son Haley, who had been diagnosed with ADHD and dyslexia. His son had been studying Greek mythology in second grade and asked that his father come up with bedtime stories based on Greek myths. Riordan had been a Greek mythology teacher in middle school for many years and was able to remember enough stories to please his son. Soon Riordan ran out of myths and his son requested that Riordan make new ones using the characters from Greek myths with a new twist. Riordan created the fictional character Percy Jackson and his travels across the United States to recover Zeus's lightning bolt. In his new story, Riordan made ADHD and dyslexia part of a demigod's powers - respectively, heightened battle reflexes and a brain wired to read ancient Greek rather than English. After Riordan finished telling the story his son asked that his dad write a book based on Percy's adventures, and he did.

While he gave his manuscript to his agent and editor to review, Riordan took his book to a group of middle schoolers to critique. With their help, he came up with the name of the book and invented Percy's magic sword.[5] Riordan first sent out the manuscript for The Lightning Thief under a pseudonym, as he did not want to rely on anyone in the publisher industry, who would have known him through his previous work.[6] After many rejections, an agent picked up the manuscript as she liked its premise. In 2004 the book was sold to Miramax Books for enough money that Riordan could quit his job to focus on writing.[7] The book has since been released in multiple versions (including hardcover, paperback, and audio editions)[8] and has been translated and published all over the world.[9]


The Lightning Thief is narrated in the first person past tense by Percy Jackson, a twelve-year-old diagnosed with dyslexia and ADHD. On a school trip to the Metropolitan Museum of Art, one of the chaperones, Mrs. Dodds, turns into a Fury and attacks him. The other and Percy's favourite teacher, Mr. Brunner, lends Percy a magical sword-pen to defeat her. After school lets out, Percy then goes on a trip to Long Island with his mother, Sally. In the middle of the first night, Percy's friend Grover Underwood, who reveals himself to be a satyr, tells them they are in danger and the three drive to a mysterious summer camp. The Minotaur attacks them, grabs Mrs. Jackson, and causes her to disappear in a blinding flash of gold light. Believing his mother has died, Percy in a rage kills the beast with one of its own horns, then drags the unconscious Grover into the camp, soon falling unconscious himself. Percy wakes up three days later and learns that the camp is called Camp Half-Blood and that he is a demigod: the son of a human and a Greek god. He settles into camp life and meets several other demigods, including Luke Castellan and Annabeth Chase. After a hellhound attacks him after a game of Capture the Flag, he is saved by Chiron and then claimed by his father, the god Poseidon. Chiron explains to Percy how the three eldest male godsPoseidon, Zeus, and Hadesswore an oath not to have children more than 70 years ago; Percy represents a violation of the oath that was made. This, coupled with the fact that Zeus's master lightning bolt has recently been stolen, has bred much suspicion and discrepancy between the gods.

Percy is given the quest of locating Zeus's original lightning bolt before an all-out war can break out between the gods. He chooses Annabeth and Grover to accompany him on a quest to the realm of Hades, as he is the most likely culprit of the theft. Before he leaves, Percy is given Chiron's magic sword Anaklusmos ("Riptide") and Luke's flying sneakers. The trio then travels towards Los Angeles, where the entrance to Hades's realm resides. Along the way, they are attacked by several monsters, including the Furies, Medusa, Echidna and the Chimera. They also do a favour for the god Ares, who gives them a backpack full of supplies and safe transportation to Nevada. Percy gradually learns more about his companions, his powers, and the world of the Greek gods. When they arrive in Hades's realm, Grover is nearly dragged into Tartarus by Luke's flying shoes. The battered group finally meet Hades, who reveals that his Helm of Darkness has also been mysteriously stolen. Hades accuses Percy of stealing his helm and threatens to kill Sally Jackson (who has been held hostage by the god) and reanimate the dead unless his helm is returned. When Percy finds the missing master bolt inside Ares's backpack, the group realizes they've all been manipulated by Ares. Narrowly escaping the Underworld, Percy challenges Ares to a duel on the beach. After a long and tough fight the demigod wins, gives the Helm of Darkness to the Furies; Hades then realizes that Percy was not the thief of his helm nor the master bolt, he returns Mrs Jackson to their apartment in New York.

Percy takes the master bolt back to Zeus on Mount Olympus, who rewards the young hero by not killing him as his laws recommend. Percy returns to camp half-blood a hero and enjoys the rest of his summer there. On the last day of camp, however, he goes into the woods with Luke, who reveals himself to be the real thief of the Hades's Helm and Zeus's bolt, following the orders of Kronos. Kronos also manipulated the power-hungry Ares into taking part in the scheme. Percy can't believe that Luke would do that, and so Luke explains his beliefs that the gods are too irresponsible and are poor leaders who need to be overthrown. He offers Percy the chance to join him, and when Percy refuses Luke tries to kill him with a scorpion. Percy manages to kill it, but is badly poisoned and faints. When he has awakened and recovered, Percy is given the choice of whether to return home for the school year or stay at camp year round. After much thought, he decides to spend the school year with his mother (who is no longer with his alcoholic, smelly stepfather Gabe since he got petrified by Medusa's head), even though it will be more dangerous for him with Luke and Kronos on the loose. Grover and Annabeth also leave the camp for the year, but promise to keep in touch with Percy.[1][10][11]

Critical reception

The Lightning Thief received mostly positive reviews. The book has a rating of 4.24 out of 5 on Goodreads.[12] Common Sense Media said, "There are two levels of fun in The Lightning Thief. One is the fast-paced quest of a young hero and his friends to save the world..." and added, "Another level of fun here – laughing at the wicked ways the author has updated the gods and monsters for the 21st century".[13] However, it did criticize some aspects of the book, describing the prose as "choppy and attitude-filled" and complaining that "[t]he characters aren't emotionally involving". Its overall rating was 4 stars out of 5.[13] Numerous other reviews were more positive. The New York Times praised The Lightning Thief as "perfectly paced, with electrifying moments chasing each other like heartbeats".[14] School Library Journal said in its starred review that the book was "[a]n adventure-quest with a hip edge" and that "[r]eaders will be eager to follow the young protagonist's next move".[10] Kirkus Reviews reviews said, "The sardonic tone of the narrator's voice lends a refreshing air of realism to this riotously paced quest tale of heroism that questions the realities of our world, family, friendship and loyalty."[15] Eoin Colfer, author of Artemis Fowl called it "A fantastic blend of myth and modern".[16] Finally, Publishers Weekly also praised the book, regarding it as "swift and humorous" and added that the book would "leave many readers eager for the next installment."[17]

On April 8, 2007, The Lightning Thief was ranked ninth on The New York Times Best Seller list for children's books.[18] The Lightning Thief was the winner of the School Library Journal Best Book of 2005[19] as well one of the books in the Chicago Public Library Best of the Best Books List, 2005.[4] It was also in the VOYA Top Shelf Fiction List[4] and was the winner of the Red House Children's Book Award Winner (UK), 2006;[4] Askews Torchlight Award (UK), 2006;[4] and the Mark Twain Award (Missouri Association of School Librarians), 2008.[4][20] It was an American Library Association Notable Book, 2006[21] and a New York Times Notable Book (2005).[22] It received the Young Reader's Choice Award in 2008[23] and the Rebecca Caudill Young Reader's Book Award in 2009.[24][25] Scholastic Parent & Child magazine also included the novel within its 100 "Greatest Books for Kids."[26] When asked about the various awards, Rick Riordan said: "The ultimate compliment for a children's writer is when the kids like it."[27]


Film adaptation

In June 2004, 20th Century Fox acquired the feature film rights to the book.[28] In April 2007, director Chris Columbus was hired to helm the project. The film, titled Percy Jackson & the Olympians: The Lightning Thief, was released in the United States on February 12, 2010 and had Logan Lerman as Percy Jackson, Alexandra Daddario as Annabeth Chase, Brandon T. Jackson as Grover Underwood, Jake Abel as Luke Castellan, and Pierce Brosnan as Chiron. The film received mixed reviews from critics upon release and grossed $226 million at the worldwide box office.[29] A sequel, Percy Jackson: Sea of Monsters, was released in 2013.


On June 28, 2005, a 10-hour and 25 minute audio book version, read by actor Jesse Bernstein, was published worldwide by Listening Library.[8][30]

Kirkus Reviews magazine said, "the narrator’s voice lends a refreshing air of realism to this riotously paced quest tale of heroism that questions the realities of our world, family, friendship and loyalty".[10] AudioFile Magazine praised the audiobook, "adults and children alike will be spellbound as they listen to this deeply imaginative tale unfold."[30] School Library Journal both praised and criticized the audio book saying "Although some of Jesse Bernstein's accents fail (the monster from Georgia, for instance, has no Southern trace in her voice), he does a fine job of keeping the main character's tones and accents distinguishable".[31]


A one-hour musical aimed at young audiences was planned to hit the road on a nationwide tour in September 2014 following a stint in New York City in 2014.[32] A two-hour version of the musical previewed Off-Broadway on March 23, 2017 at the Lucille Lortel Theatre. It officially opened on April 4, 2017, and ran until May 6 of the same year.[33] On June 20, a cast recording was released on the Broadway Records label.[34] In August 2017, it was announced that the two-hour long production would be going on a national tour beginning in the fall of 2018.[35] In 2019 it was announced that the production would make its Broadway debut at the Longacre Theatre, running from September of 2019 until January of 2020. [36]


The Lightning Thief is followed by The Sea of Monsters in which Percy and Annabeth rescue Grover who has been imprisoned by Polyphemus, the Cyclops, and recover the Golden Fleece to save the camp. They are accompanied by Percy's Cyclops half brother, Tyson and Clarisse La Rue in this mission.

Like The Lightning Thief, it won several prizes and received generally positive reviews as well.[4][37][38] It sold over 100,000 copies in paperback.[39] It was followed by The Titan's Curse, The Battle of the Labyrinth, and The Last Olympian as well as an entire new sequel-series, The Heroes of Olympus, and later, The Trials of Apollo.

Foreign language editions

The Lightning Thief was published in Chinese, Italian, Turkish, Danish, Croatian, Czech, Finnish, French, Dutch, German, Hebrew, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Polish, Indonesian, Serbian, Norwegian, Spanish, and Catalan. The French, German, and Spanish editions were published in 2006. The other translations of the book were published in 2008. The Icelandic publisher Odinseye released another edition in 2012.[40] The novel is also on sale in Taiwan, published by Yuan Liou Publishing.[41]


  1. Oksner, Robert (2006-05-21). "The Lightning Thief Review". Kidsreads. Retrieved 2009-09-01.
  2. Riordan, Rick (2006). The Lightning Thief. New York, NY: Hyperion Books for Children. ISBN 0-7868-3865-5.
  3. "The lightning thief" (first edition). LC Online Catalog. Library of Congress ( Retrieved 2015-11-05.
  4. Riordan, Rick. "Series Awards". Rick Riordan. Archived from the original on May 8, 2008. Retrieved 2009-06-01.
  5. Riordan, Rick. "An Interview with Rick". Disney-Hyperion. Retrieved 2015-07-25.
  6. Riordan, Rick. "If Only I Had Connections . ." Disney-Hyperion. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
  7. Rich, Motoko (2008-09-01). "Author of Book Series Sends Kids on a Web Treasure Hunt". The New York TImes. New York, NY. Retrieved July 25, 2015.
  8. "Jesse Bernstein's Work". Retrieved July 25, 2015.
  9. Mabe, Chauncey (2009-05-14). "Rick Riordan: Percy Jackson vs. Harry Potter". The Sun Sentinel. Retrieved July 25, 2015.
  10. "Reviews for The Lightning Thief". Hyperion-Books, Rick Riordan. Archived from the original on April 20, 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-21.
  11. Thomason, Kathy. "The Lightning Thief Review". Thunder Child. Retrieved 2009-09-01.
  12. "The Lightning Thief (Percy Jackson and the Olympians, #1)". Goodreads. Retrieved 2017-07-07.
  13. Berman, Matt. "Review of The Lightning Thief: Percy Jackson and the Olympians, Book". Common Sense Media. Retrieved July 25, 2015.
  14. Shulman, Polly (2005-11-13). "Harry Who?". Sunday Book Review. The New York Times. Retrieved July 25, 2015.
  15. "Kirkus Review". Kirkus. 2005-07-15. Retrieved July 25, 2015.
  16. Bennett, Steve. "Monster Mania". San Antonia Express News, February 12, 2010. Retrieved July 28, 2010.
  17. "The Lightning Thief.(Brief Article)(Children's Review)(Book Review)." Publishers Weekly. 2005. Retrieved July 28, 2010.
  18. "Children's Bestseller's List". The New York Times. New York, NY. 2007-04-08. Retrieved July 25, 2015.
  19. Trevelyn Jones; Luann Toth; Marlene Charnizon; Daryl Grabarek & Joy Fleishhacker (12 January 2005). "Best Books 2005". School Library Journal. Retrieved 2009-05-04.
  20. "Mark Twain Award 2005-06 Winners". Missouri Association of School Librarians. April 23, 2006. Archived from the original on September 21, 2008. Retrieved July 25, 2015.
  21. "2006 Best Books for Young Adults with annotations". Young Adult Library Services Association. Archived from the original on 2 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-19.
  22. "Notable Books of 2005". The New York Times. New York, NY. December 4, 2005. Retrieved 2009-05-19.
  23. "YRCA Past Winners". Pacific Northwest Library Association. Archived from the original on October 29, 2012. Retrieved February 3, 2011.
  24. Rebecca Caudill Young Readers' Book Award winners. Retrieved 2010-02-15.
  25. Riordan, Rick. "2009 Rebecca Caudill Award – Acceptance Letter from Rick Riordan" (PDF). Rebecca Caudill Young Readers' Book Award. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
  26. "The 100 'Greatest Books for Kids'". USA Today. February 15, 2012. Retrieved April 13, 2012.
  27. Minzesheimer, Bob (January 18, 2006). "'Lightning' strikes with young readers". USA Today Books. USA Today. Retrieved 2009-05-26.
  28. Brodesser, Claude (23 June 2004). "'Lightning Thief' strikes Maverick". Retrieved 2007-04-18.
  29. Rick Riordan. "Contact Information". Archived from the original on 24 January 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-06.
  30. Bernstien, Jesse (2005). "The Lightning Thief (audiobook)". AufioFile Magazine. p. 1. Retrieved 2009-05-04.
  31. "Audio Reviews: October, 2005". School Library Journal Audio Reviews. School Library Journal. October 1, 2005. Retrieved 2009-05-25.
  32. "How Rick Riordan's 'The Lightning Thief' became a stage musical". PopWatch. Entertainment Weekly. July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
  33. Vine, Hannah. "First Look at The Lightning Thief: The Percy Jackson Musical". Playbill. Playbill. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  34. "Chris McCarrell & Cast of the Lightning Thief Musical to Rock Out on Cast Album". April 21, 2017. Retrieved April 21, 2017.
  35. Clement, Olivia. "The Lightning Thief: The Percy Jackson Musical Is Heading on Tour". Playbill. Playbill. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  36. Van Syckle, Katie (August 12, 2019). "'The Lightning Thief' to Open on Broadway in September". The New York Times. The New York Times. Retrieved August 19, 2019.
  37. "Mark Twain Award Previous Winners". Missouri Association of School Librarians. Archived from the original on May 16, 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-27.
  38. Ruth, Sheila. "The Sea of Monsters Review". Wands and Worlds. Archived from the original on 2009-10-29. Retrieved 2009-09-01.
  39. Nawotka, Edward (April 23, 2007). "Son of Poseidon Gaining Strength". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved 2009-09-01.
  40. Riordan, Rick (February 13, 2011). "The Week in Review–Myth & Mystery". Retrieved February 13, 2011.
  41. Riordan, Rick. (February 15, 2011). "The Red Pyramid goes to Taiwan–Myth & Mystery". Retrieved February 15, 2011.

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