The Leys School
The Leys School is a co-educational independent school in Cambridge, England. It is a day and boarding school for about 574 pupils between the ages of eleven and eighteen, and a member of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference.
|The Leys School, Cambridge|
The Achievement of Arms
|Type||Independent boarding school|
|Motto||Latin: In Fide Fiducia|
(In Faith, Trust)
|Department for Education URN||110914 Tables|
|Head teacher||Martin Priestley|
|Age||11 to 18|
|Houses||See the Houses section|
|Rival||The Perse School|
|Senior Prefects||Benjamin Coady and Maddie Anthony|
The nineteenth century saw the founding of a large number of new schools in Britain, especially by the churches—including the Wesleyan Methodist Church. Although there were already several leading schools that offered an education for the sons of Ministers of the church, some Methodists were asking also for schools to be established for sons of lay church members. The Methodist Conference set up a committee to look at the possibility of starting a new school at either Oxford or Cambridge.
Following several visits to Cambridge, they discovered that a twenty-acre (80,000 m2) site called "The Leys Estate" was being offered for sale. The estate was situated within easy reach of the city centre on the Trumpington Road, and it was close to the River Cam and to a number of Cambridge Colleges. The estate was acquired for the sum of £14,275 on 27 September 1872. The Reverend Doctor W. F. Moulton, who had been the secretary of the committee, was asked to become headmaster of the new school. The school opened on 16 February 1875 with sixteen boys, all from English Methodist families. After two years there were 100 pupils.
During the twentieth century, The Leys grew significantly and by 1930 the number of pupils had reached 271. During World War Two, the school temporarily moved to the Atholl Palace Hotel in Pitlochry, Scotland, returning to Cambridge in 1946. During the Cold War, the school was designated the auxiliary headquarters to the Regional Seat of Government for Cambridge in time of war. Today the majority of the pupils are boarders and since the admission of girls to the Sixth Form in the 1980s, the school has become fully co-educational. It now accepts pupils from the age of eleven, rather than the age of thirteen as it was before.
Due to its location, the school is popular with Cambridge academics as a place to send their children, as well as a place to teach. For example the physicist Stephen Hawking sent his son to the school and gave a number of talks to its pupils.
Despite its Methodist traditions it has, for more than fifty years, been liberal on religion (although never secular). Many pupils received confirmation into the Church of England in the school chapel, and some others have had religious backgrounds from faiths other than the Christianity. Despite its religious liberalism, The Leys is predominantly a Christian school and they state openly that "The School’s Christian ethos lies at the heart of our education philosophy."
Pupils attend chapel services twice a week; a weekday service on a Friday afternoon plus Sunday services with the whole boarding community on a monthly basis with a weekly service with just their House on another specified day of the week. In addition, Holy Communion takes place once a term.
The school motto is "In Fide Fiducia" (Latin for "In Faith, Trust"), which is also the motto for its associated prep school, St Faith's School. The two schools make up The Leys and St Faith's Foundation. The school song is Rev. B. Hellier's Χαίρετε.
2016 A Level results
103 pupils sat A Levels this summer, The Leys achieved an overall pass rate of 100%. 75% of all results were at grades A*-B, with 42% at A grade or better.
Half of the Year 11 pupils achieved 9 or more A*s and A grades at GCSE. 100% of Leysian pupils secured five or more A*-C grades, including English and Mathematics. Over two thirds of all GCSEs taken resulted in an A* or A grade; over 99% produced an A*-C pass.
The main sports played by boys during the three terms are:
The school has a range of sports facilities spread across its 50-acre (200,000 m2) site. Other than the above-mentioned sports, the sports pitches include concrete, grass and AstroTurf tennis courts and a football pitch. The AstroTurf pitches are fully lit for night-time play. Indoor facilities include a fully equipped fitness centre, a sports hall for indoor sports such as badminton and netball, three squash courts and an aerobics studio. The school has a 25-meter heated indoor swimming pool and a rowing boathouse on the River Cam as well as several boats.
The Leys swims, competing against Eton (the only team to do so), and on a national level at the annual Bath Cup.
There is also a very active rowing club, with a newly-refurbished boat house in position on the Cam, shared with King's, Churchill and Selwyn Colleges. Along with sailing (at St. Ives), this is a minority sport, counted among "pitch games" (the school's name for non-team sports). Other pitch games, include squash, badminton, tennis, athletics, karate, Eton Fives and golf.
Famous Leysian sportsmen include Neil White (Olympic hockey in 1948); Freddie Brown (Captain of England's cricket team); Geoff Windsor-Lewis (Wales Rugby, 1960); Paul Svehlik (England and Great Britain Hockey); and Neil Christie (Olympic rowing, 1976 and 1980).
There are 11 separate houses at the Leys, the oldest being School House founded in 1875.
- School is a thirteen to eighteen boys' boarding house with 30–35 boarders and 18-20 home boarders. The Housemaster is James Fawcett and the Assistant Housemaster is Peregrine Nunes-Carvalho.
- West is a thirteen to eighteen boys' boarding house with room for 45–48 boarders with 25–30 home boarders. The Housemaster is Andrew Long and the Assistant Housemaster is Phillip Blayney.
- North A is a boys' boarding house of 40–45 boarders and fifteen to twenty home boarders. The Housemaster is Ben Barton and the Assistant Housemaster is Damien Rigden. North A House is located on the upper quad, opposite the chapel and adjacent to the Day Houses.
- Bisseker is part of the co-educational day house (known internally by its former name of North B House). The Housemistress is Ethna Prosser.
- Barker is a mixed day house with roughly 50 people. The Housemaster is Nicholas Robinson.
- Barrett Typically around 50 people in each day house. The Housemaster is Martin Gale.
- Dale is a girls' boarding house with 38-42 boarders and 17-20 home boarders. The Housemistress is Catherine Earl and the Assistant Housemistress is Alison Lainchbury.
- Fen is a girls' thirteen to eighteen boarding house with 45–50 boarders and twenty to 25 home boarders. The Housemistress is Karen Cox and the Assistant Housemistress is Dr Claire Kennedy.
- East is the Sixth Form boys' house with 27–30 boarders. The Housemaster is Neil Dix-Pincott and the Assistant Housemaster is Edward Bowles.
- Granta is the Sixth Form girls' house with 30 boarders and up to two home boarders. The Housemistress is Helen Williams and the Assistant Housemistress is Anna Hunt.
- Moulton is the junior eleven to thirteen house for twenty to 25 boarders and 35–40 day pupils. The Housemistress is Alyson MacPherson and the Assistant Housemaster is Denz Fernandez.
Goodbye, Mr. Chips
The setting for popular novel and play Goodbye, Mr. Chips is believed to have been based on The Leys where author James Hilton was a pupil (1915–1918). Hilton is reported to have said that the inspiration for the protagonist, Chips, came chiefly from W.H. Balgarnie, one of the masters at The Leys (1900–30) who was in charge of the Leys Fortnightly (where Hilton's first short stories and essays were published). Over the years old boys have written to Geoffery Houghton, a master of The Leys for a number of years and a historian of the school, confirming the links between Chips and Balgarnie. As with Mr. Chips, Balgarnie died at the school, at the age of 82, having been linked with the school for 51 years and living his last years in modest lodgings opposite the school. Again, like Mr. Chips, Balgarnie was a strict disciplinarian, but would also invite boys to visit him for tea and biscuits.
Hilton wrote, upon Balgarnie's death that "Balgarnie was, I suppose, the chief model for my story. When I read so many other stories about public school life, I am struck by the fact that I suffered no such purgatory as their authors apparently did, and much of this miracle was due to Balgarnie." Furthermore, the facial hair of one of the masters at The Leys earned him the nickname "Chops," a likely inspiration for Mr. Chips' name.
The Leys Memorial
The Memorial Chapel of The Leys is situated on the grounds of the school. It was built as a memorial to the first headmaster of The Leys, William Fiddian Moulton. Plans for the chapel, designed by architect Robert Curwen, were first presented to the school's second headmaster, W. T. A. Barber; he deemed the project an unnecessary luxury. Services were held in the school hall until 1904 when the governors approved the chapel's construction. The cost, including all furnishings, was estimated in 1925 to have been £39,000.
The foundation stone was laid at the marble West Door by Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont on 8 June 1905 and the chapel was consecrated on 27 October 1906. The building's design is Gothic, to complement the surrounding buildings. All visible woodwork is in oak. The roof comprises elaborately worked tussels and tracery work, somewhat after the lines of the famous roof of Westminster Hall. The floor is of alternating black and white marble. The chapel was designed to seat 350 boys, with the west balcony reserved for household staff.
In the First World War, 927 Leysians joined the armed services and 146 of them died. A memorial to the old Leysians who died, costing £48,000 and funded by donation, was on 6 June 1920 unveiled by the Duke of York. The memorial consists of four rows of names divided in the middle by a statue of an armoured St George, below which is written "To The Immortal Memory of Old Leysians Who Fell In The War Of 1914–1919", and in large block capitals the words "My Marks And Scars With Me To Be A Witness For Me That I Have Fought His Battles Who Now Will Be My Reward."
The Chapel has fourteen windows; the Governors commissioned H. J. Salisbury to decorate them according to a unified theme.[clarification needed] The work was modelled on the windows of the King's College Chapel, Cambridge. Because the Leys is a Methodist school, the work was required to be simple and avoid complex symbolism. All but one of the windows depicts passages from the New Testament concerning the story of Christ; the large window over the main entrance instead shows ten Old Testament subjects forecasting the coming of the Messiah.
The Pulpit is made of oak and has a brass inscription reading "To the Glory of God and for the Preaching of His holy word this Pulpit was carved by Anne Hobson, Helen Mary Chubb, and George Hayter Chubb, and presented by the latter to The Leys, October, 1906."
'The Leys Thistle'
The Scottish community at the school set up the 'The Leys Thistle' in October 1915 in order to unite Scottish families while they were away from Scotland. The 'Thistle' was created by Scottish members of North 'A'. Following the first meeting on Halloween 1915, the 'rush to join was tremendous' and many applicants were said to have lied about Scottish heritage to get into the club, such was the demand. The publication of the society was called the 'Leys Thistle' and the first publication was in March 1917. The motto of the club is Nemo Me Impune Lacessit or 'no one touches me with impunity'.
The first publication of the 'The Leys Thistle' states that the club had only three rules:
- 'That we, a brotherhood of fellows, united with each other to help and do anything can do to live up to the glorious traditions of Scotland.'
- 'To be an influence for good in the School: although we can't do much, still we can live decent and clean sportsmen's lives.'
- "To keep the society going: although the older fellows are leaving, still we look to younger generations to keep the flag flying.'
Known as Old Leysians, they include:
- James Moulton (1875–81)
- Sir John Clapham (North 'A' House, 1887–92): Historian
- Reginald Hine, Historian
- Louis Arnaud Reid (1909-1912): writer on aesthetics; foundation professor of the philosophy of education, London Institute of Education; Leys Board of Governors
- Eric A. Havelock (1917–21): Classicist
- J. J. C. Smart (1933–38): Scottish-Australian philosopher
- Christopher Smout (1946–51): Current Historiographer Royal
- Simon Keynes (1965–70): Elrington and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon at the University of Cambridge
- Professor James D. F. Calder (1981–86): Orthopaedic Surgeon Fortius Clinic, Professor Imperial College London
- Professor Raphael Loewe (1932–37) President of the Jewish Historical Society of England and professor of Jewish history
- Tanaka Ginnosuke (North 'A' House, 1891–1893): Introduced rugby to Japan
- J. Arthur Rank, 1st Baron Rank of Sutton Scotney (North 'B' House, 1901–06): Industrialist and film producer; founder of the Rank Organisation
- Amschel Mayor James Rothschild (-1973): Businessman and member of the prominent Rothschild family
- John James Oddy (1880–1885): Conservative MP for Pudsey
- Walford Davis Green (1882–1887): Conservative MP for Wednesbury
- Sir Poonambalam Thyagarajan Rajan, Chief Minister of Madras Presidency, British India, April 4 - August 24, 1946
- Peter Oliver, Baron Oliver of Aylmerton (School House, 1934–38): Judge, barrister and member of the House of Lords
- Richard Taylor (North 'B' House, 1947–53): Physician and independent MP for Wyre Forest
- Martin Bell (East House, 1952–56): Former BBC News Correspondent and independent MP for Tatton
- King George Tupou V, former King of Tonga (196?–66)
- King Hamad ibn Isa Al Khalifa, current King of Bahrain (196?–68)
- Brent Symonette (196?–72): Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs of The Bahamas
- King 'Aho'eitu 'Unuaki'otonga Tuku'aho (North 'B' House, 1973–77): Current King of Tonga
- Francis Arthur Bainbridge (North 'A' House - 1893): Physiologist; discoverer of the Bainbridge reflex
- Sir Henry Dale (School House, 1891–94): Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- Donald Woods Winnicott (North 'B' House, 1910–14): Pediatrician and psychoanalyst
- Sir Donald Bailey (North 'B' House, 1916–19): inventor of the Bailey bridge
- Neville Robinson (School House, 1938–43): Physicist who achieved record low temperature
- Sir Andrew Wiles (North 'A' House, 1966–70): Mathematician, proved Fermat's last theorem
- Drew Peacock (School House, 1969–73): Professor of Quantum mechanics at King's College, Cambridge
- Richard Bell (1874–1953), cricketer
- G. LI. Lloyd: Wales rugby union international who played against England 1900, 1901 and 1903
- A. B. Flett: Scotland rugby union international in 1901–00
- Tinsley Lindley (1883–1885): Captained the England football team (1888, 1891)
- Frank Handford (1894–1899): English rugby union international who played on four occasions for his country and was part of the first official British and Irish Lions team that toured South Africa in 1910
- Wilfrid Lowry (1900-1974): Rugby Union player for Birkenhead Park FC and England international in 1920
- Charles Sutton (1906–1945), Anglo-Chilean cricketer
- Freddie Brown (School House, 1924–29): Captained England cricket team fifteen times between 1949–51
- Alan Skinner (1926–1931): first-class cricket cricketer for Derbyshire County Cricket Club
- David Skinner, (193?-1938) Captain of Derbyshire County Cricket Club
- Justin Benson (East House 1980–1984): first-class cricket cricketer for Leicestershire County Cricket Club and Ireland Captain
- Jamie Murray (Moulton House, 1998–99): Tennis player, won the Wimbledon Doubles in 2007—the first Briton to win at Wimbledon for twenty years; elder brother of tennis player Andy Murray
- Georgie Gent (formerly Stoop) (1999–2004): Tennis player
- Will Hooley (2007-2012): Rugby Union player for Northampton Saints, Exeter Chiefs, and Bedford Blues
- James Albery (2009-2014): Field Hockey player for England Hockey, Cambridge City Hockey Club, and Beeston Hockey Club
- Dominic Francis-Augustine-Goddard (2015-2018): Head coach of the Women's United All England Croquet Association Team 2017-2018
- Andy Laws, cricketer
- Eric Whelpton (1879–1881): Author, basis for fictional character Lord Peter Wimsey
- James Hilton (West House, 1915–18): Author whose works include Goodbye, Mr. Chips and Lost Horizon
- Ralph Izzard (1925–28): Journalist, author, British Naval Intelligence Officer, inspiration for the Ian Fleming novel Casino Royale and one of the inspirations for its protagonist James Bond
- Malcolm Lowry (West House, 1923–27): Author whose works include Under the Volcano.
- John Simon (critic): Cultural critic for New York Magazine and other publications
- Sir Alastair Burnet (School House, 1942–46): Journalist and broadcaster; editor of The Economist from 1965–74; long-serving ITN newscaster
- J.G. Ballard (North 'B' House, 1946–49): Author whose works include Empire of the Sun
- Christopher Hitchens (North 'B' House, 1962–66): Journalist and religious and literary critic
- Peter Hitchens (West House, 1965–67): Journalist and polemicist
- Martin Bell British UNICEF (UNICEF UK) Ambassador, a former broadcast war reporter and former independent politician
- Michael Latimer (East House, 1955–59): Actor.
- Michael Rennie (West House, 1924–26): Actor
- Sir Kenneth Hollings (1932–37): Judge and Military Cross recipient.
- Sir John Royce, British jurist.
- Commander Nigel "Sharkey" Ward: Fleet Air Arm squadron commander during the Falklands War.
Old Leysians have their own old boys' sports clubs including the "Old Leysian Football Club," which in its hey day (during the 1930s) was one of the leading Rugby clubs in the London area. There is also an active "Old Leysian Golfing Society" and "Old Leysian Cricket Club," which plays in the Cambridgeshire league.
- http://www.subbrit.org.uk/rsg/features/sfs/file5.htm The Leys School was designated a Regional Seat of Government in wartime
- "The Leys Thistle, March 1917" (PDF). Retrieved 27 November 2018.
- Football: The Rugby Union Game — Page 30 by Francis Marshall, Leonard R. Tosswill — Football — 1925
- "Jamie Murray lives in the shadow of his record-breaking kid brother Andy... but he's still his biggest fan and desperate to get a British Davis Cup triumph on their CVs". Mail Online. 10 October 2014.
- "The Croquet Association". www.croquet.org.uk. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
- The Life of Ian Fleming, John Pearson, p. 194-195, (Jonathan Cape, London, 1966) ISBN 978-1-85410-898-2
- Baker, Derek (1975). Partnership in Excellence: A Late-Victorian Educational Venture: The Leys School, Cambridge, 1875-1975. Cambridge: The Governors of The Leys School.
- Houghton, Geoff and Pat (2000). Well-regulated Minds and Improper Moments: A History of The Leys School. Cambridge: The Governors of The Leys School. ISBN 0-9501721-8-9.
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