The Karnival Kid
The Karnival Kid is a 1929 Mickey Mouse short animated film released by Celebrity Productions, as part of the Mickey Mouse film series. It was directed by Walt Disney and animated by Ub Iwerks, with music by Carl Stalling. It was the ninth Mickey Mouse short to be produced, the sixth of that year.
|The Karnival Kid|
"Hot dog! Hot dog!", Mickey's first spoken words
|Directed by||Walt Disney|
|Produced by||Walt Disney|
|Music by||Carl Stalling|
|Animation by||Ub Iwerks|
|Color process||Black and white|
|Distributed by||Celebrity Productions|
The short was produced in black and white by The Walt Disney Studio and released to theaters by Celebrity Productions. It is the ninth film in the Mickey Mouse film series, and the first in which Mickey speaks. (During his first eight appearances Mickey whistled, laughed, cried and otherwise vocally expressed himself.) Mickey's first spoken words were, "Hot dog! Hot dog!", the voice being provided by someone else other than Disney.
Besides Mickey, three other recurring characters of the series also appear. The first is Clarabelle Cow in a cameo. The second is a carnival barker -- "a direct forerunner, in both looks and behavior, of the later comics character Kat Nipp." The third is Mickey's recurring love interest, Minnie Mouse.
The Karnival Kid is broken into two distinct segments. The first segment features Mickey selling hot dogs at a carnival. The second segment is set later that night and features Mickey, accompanied by two cats, in a moonlight serenade.
The short opens to the scene of a bustling carnival. After a few initial sight gags, the action quickly focuses on Kat Nipp, a barker at the carnival who is enticing a crowd to see Minnie, "the Shimmy Dancer." Mickey stands nearby, selling hot dogs and heckling Nipp. Nipp briefly gets into a dispute with Mickey over a dancing doll scam. However, Minnie soon notices Mickey and calls him over to order a hot dog. She takes a coin out of her stocking to pay, but Mickey, who is clearly attracted to her, refuses to accept the coin and gives it to her for free. When she bites into the hot dog, it screams and runs away. Mickey catches it and spanks it, concluding the first segment. Much of the humor in this segment comes from the interaction between Mickey and his hot dogs, with the latter tending to act like actual dogs in relation to their owner/trainer.
In the second segment, Mickey attempts to draw Minnie's attention by playing guitar outside her window. He is joined by two alley cats who noisily sing along. The sound delights Minnie but awakens an irate Kat Nipp, who had been resting in a nearby trailer. Nipp starts throwing things at the three annoyances in an attempt to silence them. The short ends as Mickey is hit with an entire bed and knocked dizzy.
Stalling's score for The Karnival Kid features two notable themes. During the "Shimmy Dance" sequence, a monkey, performing as a one-man band, plays the Snake Charmer song, the common name for The Streets of Cairo. During the moonlight serenade segment, Mickey and the cats perform a rendition of the barbershop standard Sweet Adeline.
This was the first cartoon in which Mickey speaks. Walt Disney was thrilled by the progress, but Pat Powers of Celebrity Pictures wasn't; he worried that Mickey speaking English would affect overseas sales of the cartoons.
In Mickey's Movies, Gijs Grob observes: "The Karnival Kid shows that lip synchronization was far more difficult to master than synchronized sound itself. The animation of the mouth to form syllables was a totally new feat, and initially it was done all too literally. This led to awkward facial expressions at times, with especially Mickey's face distorting into a multitude of mouth gestures. The problem would become even worse in Mickey's next cartoon, Mickey's Follies.
The hot dog gags are reused from an earlier film, Disney's 1927 Oswald the Lucky Rabbit short All Wet.
Legacy and influence
Mickey's first words may have inspired the "Hot Dog" song from Mickey Mouse Clubhouse.
The scene where Mickey tips his ears to Minnie inspired storyman Roy Williams to invent the Mickey Mouse ears hat.
Ub Iwerks reused elements of the plot and many of the visual gags from The Karnival Kid in his 1932 cartoon, Circus. The part of the hot dog vendor is played by Flip the Frog.
New York Weenie, an episode from the 2013 Mickey Mouse shorts series, shares similar themes and gags with The Karnival Kid. The episode was directed by Aaron Springer, most notable for his work on SpongeBob SquarePants.
Artist Bruce Conner included the final shot in his film "3 Screen Ray".
- Kaufman, J.B.; Gerstein, David (2018). Walt Disney's Mickey Mouse: The Ultimate History. Cologne: Taschen. p. 40. ISBN 978-3-8365-5284-4.
- Grob, Gijs (2018). "The Karnival Kid". Mickey's Movies: The Theatrical Films of Mickey Mouse. Theme Park Press. ISBN 1683901231.
- Peri, Don (January 24, 2011). Working with Disney: Interviews with Animators, Producers, and Artists. University Press of Mississippi. p. 72. ISBN 1604739401. Retrieved January 15, 2016.
- Flip the Frog, in Circus Archived September 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine