The General Died at Dawn
The General Died at Dawn is a 1936 American drama film that tells the story of a mercenary who meets a beautiful girl while trying to keep arms from getting to a vicious warlord in war-torn China. The movie was written by Charles G. Booth and Clifford Odets, and directed by Lewis Milestone.
|The General Died at Dawn|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Lewis Milestone|
|Produced by||William LeBaron|
|Written by||Charles G. Booth|
|Music by||Werner Janssen|
|Edited by||Eda Warren|
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|September 2, 1936|
The movie was nominated for Academy Awards for Best Actor in a Supporting Role (Akim Tamiroff), Best Cinematography, and Best Music, Score. There are several scenes in the film that show startling originality at the time. At one point, the camera focuses on a white door knob, and then dissolves to a white billiard ball to connect disparate scenes. In another scene, two characters have a conversation in which they speculate about the fates of other characters in the drama. The answers to their questions appear in screen segments in the corners of the screen, marking an unusual use of split screen to join narrative.
The main character, O'Hara, is based on the real-life Anglo-Canadian Jewish adventurer Morris Abraham "Two-Gun" Cohen. During the early 1930s, Cohen ran guns for various warlords in mainland China.
- Gary Cooper as O'Hara
- Madeleine Carroll as Judy Perrie
- Akim Tamiroff as General Yang
- Dudley Digges as Mr. Wu
- Porter Hall as Peter Perrie/Peter Martin
- William Frawley as Brighton
- J.M. Kerrigan as Leach
- Philip Ahn as Oxford
- Lee Tung Foo as Mr. Chen
- Leonid Kinskey as Stewart (shipping line clerk)
- Val Durand as Wong
- Willie Fung as Bartender
- Hans Fuerberg as Yang's Military Advisor
- John O'Hara as Newspaper Reporter
Writing for The Spectator in 1936, Graham Greene gave the film a mildly good review, calling it "as good as anything to be seen on the screen in London". Greene noted that it was "a melodrama of more than usual skill", however he criticized the end of the film and suggested that but-for the "rather ludicrous ending, this would have been one of the best 'thrillers' for some years".
In popular culture
In 1938 an animated cartoon, called The Major Lied Till Dawn, was produced by Leon Schlesinger Productions. In it, a major tells tall tales about his hunting adventures to a boy who resembles Freddie Bartholomew. The character of the major may have been influenced by Colonel Heeza Liar.
A third-season episode of the TV show M*A*S*H was entitled "The General Flipped at Dawn" (broadcast September 10, 1974). In the episode Harry Morgan appears as Major General Bartford Hamilton Steele, a batty general who is convinced that the 4077th needs to move closer to the front lines, to be near the action. (Morgan formally joined the cast of M*A*S*H in Season Four as the much-saner Colonel Sherman T. Potter.)
- Reid, John Howard (2012). 50 of the Finest Films Hollywood Ever Made. Raleigh, NC: Lulu.com. pp. 38–39. ISBN 9781105758966. OCLC 934849010.
- Greene, Graham (30 October 1936). "La Kermesse Héroïque/The General Died at Dawn". The Spectator. (reprinted in: Taylor, John Russell, ed. (1980). The Pleasure Dome. pp. 112-113. ISBN 0192812866.)