The Fighting Seabees
The Fighting Seabees is a 1944 war film, directed by Edward Ludwig and starring John Wayne and Susan Hayward. The supporting cast includes Dennis O'Keefe, William Frawley, Leonid Kinsky, Addison Richards and Grant Withers. The Fighting Seabees portrays a heavily fictionalized account of the dilemma that led to the creation of the U.S. Navy's "Seabees" in World War II. Aspects of this film exemplify racist propaganda that was widespread in the U.S. during the Second World War.
|The Fighting Seabees|
|Directed by||Edward Ludwig|
|Produced by||Albert J. Cohen|
|Written by||Borden Chase|
|Music by||Walter Scharf|
|Edited by||Richard L. Van Enger|
|Distributed by||Republic Pictures|
"Wedge" Donovan (John Wayne) is a tough construction boss, building airstrips in the Pacific for the U.S. Navy during World War II. He clashes with his liaison officer, Lieutenant Commander Robert Yarrow (Dennis O'Keefe), over the fact that his men are not allowed to arm themselves against the Japanese.
When the enemy lands in force on the island, Donovan finally takes matters into his own hands, leading his men into the fray. This prevents Yarrow from springing a carefully devised trap that would have wiped out the invaders in a murderous machine gun crossfire, with minimal American losses. Instead, many of Donovan's men are killed unnecessarily.
As a result of this tragedy, Yarrow finally convinces the US Navy to form Construction Battalions (CBs, or the more familiar "Seabees") with Donovan's assistance, despite their mutual romantic interest in war correspondent Constance Chesley (Susan Hayward). Donovan and many of his men enlist and receive formal military training.
The two men are teamed together on yet another island. The Japanese launch a major attack, which the Seabees barely manage to hold off, sometimes using heavy construction machinery such as bulldozers and a clamshell bucket.
When word reaches Donovan of another approaching enemy column, there are no sailors left to oppose this new threat. In desperation, he rigs a bulldozer with explosives on its blade, intending to ram it into a petroleum storage tank. The plan works, sending a cascade of burning liquid into the path of the Japanese, who retreat in panic, right into the sights of waiting machine guns. However, Donovan is shot in the process and dies in the explosion.
- John Wayne as Lt. Cmdr. "Wedge" Donovan
- Susan Hayward as Constance Chesley
- Dennis O'Keefe as Lt. Cmdr. Robert Yarrow
- William Frawley as Eddie Powers
- Leonid Kinskey as Johnny Novasky
- J.M. Kerrigan as Sawyer Collins
- Grant Withers as Whanger Spreckles
- Paul Fix as Ding Jacobs
- Ben Welden as Yump Lumkin
- William Forrest as Lt. Tom Kerrick
- Addison Richards as Capt. Joyce
- Jay Norris as Joe Brick
- Duncan Renaldo as Construction worker at party
- Wally Wales as Lt. Cmdr. Hood
The Fighting Seabees had the biggest budget in Republic's history, $1.5 million. The film was completed in collaboration with the US Navy and the US Marine Corps, and took place on several bases in California ( Camp Hueneme and Camp Pendleton), Virginia (Camp Peary) and Rhode Island (Camp Endicott). Principal photography took place from September 20 to early December 1943.
The bulk of the outdoor locations for The Fighting Seabees was filmed on the Iverson Movie Ranch in Chatsworth, Calif., widely considered to be the most heavily filmed outdoor filming location in the history of the film and television. The production took over virtually the entire 500-acre location ranch for a period of time in 1943, constructing extensive sets on both the Upper Iverson and the Lower Iverson. Palm trees were brought in to transform Iverson's rocky Western landscape into a version of the Pacific islands where the film's action was set.
A massive landing strip was constructed on the Upper Iverson to simulate the takeoffs and landings of combat aircraft, as well as enemy bombing raids on the U.S.-built installation. On other parts of the ranch, Quonset huts, observation towers, large fuel tanks and other props were built, with the construction process in many cases filmed and featured as part of the film. Graphic scenes depicting tank battles, sniper attacks and hand-to-hand combat were filmed in the Iverson Gorge, Garden of the Gods and other sections of the movie ranch, in one of the largest productions in the ranch's history.
The aircraft in The Fighting Seabees were:
During World War Two, the enemy in Europe was the Nazism, while the enemy in the Pacific was the entire race of Japanese people, according to Dower. Japanese atrocities including the Rape of Nanking, the Bataan Death March, and the kamikaze pilots were partly to blame for these attitudes, but other aspects such as the Attack on Pearl Harbor were also at work. As a result of these attitudes, anti-Japanese attitudes were common, including in films of the time. In 'The Fighting Seabees', Dennis O'Keefe informs John Wayne "We're not fighting men anymore, we're fighting animals." The films climactic scene shows Wayne as he punctures and ignites a large fuel tank, flooding the advancing enemy with burning oil. '"That'll scorch those Nips back six generations," he exults.'
Film historian Leonard Maltin in Leonard Maltin's 2013 Movie Guide (2012) considered The Fighting Seabees, "action-packed" and "spirited". Film historian Alun Edwards in Brassey's Guide to War Films (2000) was more effusive in his evaluation: "With oodles of eulogies and even a Seabees song to sing, you can't fail to leave the Roxy dewey-eyed and with Stars and Stripes fluttering."
A positive review in the Rushville Republican included as highlights expertly scened battle sequences, tense dramatic interludes, moments of comedy contrasting with moments of suspense; concluding that this film is 'among the most spectacular ever filmed in Hollywood.' This review also drew attention to the fact that the 'Seabees' are less known to the public than most other branches of service, despite providing invaluable service: 'They are, quite literally, the "men in front of the man behind the gun." They land in combat zones ahead of the troops, and prepare docks, landing fields, barracks, everything that the invading troops require.'
- USN Composite Squadron 68 aerial and rearming sequences featured Flight Leader Lt. Raymond Anderson.
- " Variety, Volume 150, Number 4, April 7, 1943, p. 6.
- Halliwell 1989, p. 345.
- "Screen News Here and in Hollywood: Republic will make the 'Fighting Seabees,' its most ambitious film, with Navy help; 'Air Force' in 9th week continues at the Hollywood; 'Happy Go Lucky' is among three pictures held over." The New York Times, March 31, 1943, p. 23.
- Stevenson, John (May 14, 1987). "Reading: Hating the Japanese Why during World War II were the Japanese perceived as being more treacherous and atrocious than the Nazis?". Chicago Reader. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Santoir, Christian. "Review: 'The Fighting Seabees'." Aeromovies, November 2, 2012. Retrieved: September 3, 2019.
- "Original print information: 'The Fighting Seabees'." TCM, 2019. Retrieved: September 3, 2019.
- "Photos and details on production of 'The Fighting Seabees' on the Iverson Movie Ranch." iversonmovieranch.blogspot.com, 2019. Retrieved: September 3, 2019.
- "Iverson Movie Ranch: History, vintage photos." iversonmovieranch.blogspot.com, 2019. Retrieved: September 3, 2019.
- Dower, John (1986). War Without Mercy: Race and Power in the Pacific War. Pantheon Books. ISBN 0-394-75172-8.
- Maltin 2012, p. 456.
- Edwards 2000, p. 69.
- "'"The Fighting Seabees" Film of Little Known Service Branch'". Rushville Republican. March 18, 1944. p. 2.
- Evans, Alun. Brassey's Guide to War Films. Dulles, Virginia: Potomac Books, 2000. ISBN 1-57488-263-5.
- Halliwell, Leslie. Leslie Halliwell's Film Guide. New York: Harper & Roe, 1989. ISBN 978-0-06016-322-8.
- Maltin, Leonard, ed. Leonard Maltin's 2013 Movie Guide. New York: New American Library, 2012 (originally published as TV Movies, then Leonard Maltin’s Movie & Video Guide), First edition 1969, published annually since 1988. ISBN 978-0-451-23774-3.
- The Fighting Seabees on IMDb
- The Fighting Seabees at AllMovie
- The Fighting Seabees at the TCM Movie Database