The Eye of Vichy
The Eye of Vichy (French: "L'Œil de Vichy") is a 1993 French documentary film directed by Claude Chabrol. It consists of a selection in chronological order of authentic footage, mostly newsreels and documentaries, shown on cinema screens in France between 1940 and 1944. Intertitles or a narrator occasionally add linking or supplementary information. The bulk of the material was produced under the Vichy régime and the aim of the film is to show the worldview which the collaborationist government of Pétain promoted to its population.
|The Eye of Vichy|
|Directed by||Claude Chabrol|
|Produced by||Jean-Pierre Ramsay-Levi|
|Written by||Jean-Pierre Azéma|
|Narrated by||Michel Bouquet|
|Edited by||Frédéric Lossignol|
Centre National de la Cinématographie (CNC)
Délégation à la Mémoire et à l'Information Historique
Institut National de l'Audiovisuel (INA)
La Sofica Bymages
Ministre de la Culture et de l'Éducation Nationale
Secrétariat d'État aux Anciens Combattants et Victimes de Guerre
TF1 Films Production
The main messages conveyed by this Vichy propaganda were:
- That the elderly Pétain was a father to his people, incarnating the true France and heading its legitimate government. The unnamed de Gaulle was therefore a traitor and his pretensions to lead an alternative government false.
- That the destiny of France lay in co-operation with the German occupiers to build a new Europe which excluded Britain and the USA to the west and the USSR to the east.
- That collaboration with Nazi Germany included supplying workers of both sexes to its factories and sending soldiers to fight communism on the Eastern Front.
- That the German armed forces were France's protectors against the Western Allies, who only brought destruction by bombing and invasion. Coverage of Anglo-American attacks emphasised the civilians killed and dwellings demolished.
- That after resounding victories at El Alamein and Stalingrad, the invincible German forces made strategic withdrawals from North Africa and Russia.
- That those who actively resisted the security forces of Vichy and the German occupiers were terrorists to be exterminated and that for every German killed innocent hostages would be shot.
|“||The Chabrol film is something else: a documentary composed almost entirely of cheery newsreels and propaganda films turned out in France during the occupation. The film has been criticized for not showing what was really going on at the time the newsreels and propaganda films were made, though Mr. Chabrol's own voice-over narration bridges most of those gaps.||”|
From TV Guide:
- Canby, Vincent (1993-06-13). "Movie Review - - FILM VIEW; French Movies Offer Tickets To Controversy - NYTimes.com". Movies.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
- "The Eye Of Vichy Trailer, Reviews and Schedule for The Eye Of Vichy | TVGuide.com". Movies.tvguide.com. Retrieved 2011-11-01.