The Coronation (train)
The Coronation was a streamlined express passenger train run by the London and North Eastern Railway between London King's Cross and Edinburgh Waverley. Named to mark the coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, it was inaugurated on 5 July 1937. The down train (northbound) left London at 16:00 and arrived in Edinburgh at 22:00; the up train (southbound) ran half an hour later.
The design was based on the very successful streamlined train, The Silver Jubilee, built in 1935, but instead of being painted silver it was given a two-tone blue livery. Internally it was decorated in the Art Deco style.
The train was formed of four two-car articulated units, with a 'beaver-tail' observation car added in summer, marshalled as follows on a southbound service from Edinburgh to London, the northbound service from London to Edinburgh would be marshalled the opposite way round with the Locomotive and tender, and observation car being coupled to the opposite ends (see image right):
- Locomotive and tender
- Brake Third + Kitchen Third
- Open First + Open First
- Open Third + Kitchen Third
- Open Third + Brake Third
- Observation car
The train was usually hauled by a streamlined LNER Class A4 'Pacific' locomotive, in a special Garter Blue livery with red wheels. From October 1937 this became the standard livery of the class.
The observation cars had a distinctive 'beaver tail' shape. They ran in this form until the Second World War when the train's coaches were put in store. In 1948 various vehicles returned to service as general passenger stock, but they never ran as a full set again - the observation cars were transferred to the West Highland line in 1956. Their original observation end was found to give limited views, so British Railways rebuilt them with a more angled end and added larger windows, running in this form from 1959 to 1968. Both the observation cars have survived and are being restored by Railway Vehicle Preservations Ltd, which intends to restore one to its original condition, the other as rebuilt.
- London & North Eastern Railway (1937). The Coronation: the first streamline train, King's Cross for Scotland.
- Boddy, M.G.; Neve, E.; Yeadon, W.B. (August 1986) . Fry, E.V. (ed.). Locomotives of the L.N.E.R., part 2A: Tender Engines - Classes A1 to A10. Kenilworth: RCTS. p. 117. ISBN 0-901115-25-8.
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