The Chant of Jimmie Blacksmith (film)

The Chant of Jimmie Blacksmith is a 1978 Australian drama film directed, written and produced by Fred Schepisi, and starring Tom E. Lewis (billed at the time as Tommy Lewis), Freddy Reynolds and Ray Barrett.[2] The film also featured early appearances by Bryan Brown, Arthur Dignam, and John Jarratt. It is an adaptation of the novel The Chant of Jimmie Blacksmith by Thomas Keneally.

The Chant of Jimmie Blacksmith
Directed byFred Schepisi
Produced byFred Schepisi
Written byFred Schepisi
Based onThe Chant of Jimmie Blacksmith by Thomas Keneally
StarringTom E. Lewis
Angela Punch McGregor
Music byBruce Smeaton
CinematographyIan Baker
Edited byBrian Kavanagh
Distributed byHoyts
Umbrella Entertainment
Industrial Entertainment (U.S. DVD release)
Release date
  • 21 June 1978 (1978-06-21)
Running time
120 minutes
Box officeA$1,021,000 (Australia)

The story is about an exploited Aboriginal Australian who commits murder and goes into hiding. It is based on actual events surrounding Jimmy Governor.

The film was critically acclaimed, but lost A$179,000 at the box office. For Schepisi the film's reception was a disillusioning experience and he left Australia soon after to work in Hollywood, returning to Australia ten years later to make Evil Angels.[3][4]

While not prosecuted for obscenity, the film was seized and confiscated in the UK under Section 3 of the Obscene Publications Act 1959 during the video nasty panic.


Jimmie Blacksmith, a half-caste child of an Aboriginal mother and a white father, is raised to adulthood by the Reverend Neville and his wife Martha, hoping their influence will civilize him and provide him greater opportunities in early twentieth century Australia. With a letter of recommendation from his foster family, he goes out in search of work to establish himself, but is taken advantage of by multiple parties. His first employer, Healey, repeatedly shortchanges his pay by nitpicking his fencebuilding work, and refuses to write a job recommendation to avoid admitting he himself is illiterate. Jimmie then works for a local constable, Farrell, who uses him as muscle against other local Aboriginals, including capturing a former friend who is later molested and murdered while in custody, and forced to cover up the death. Jimmie finds some stability working on the farm of the Newby family, who still treat him little better than other employers, and decides to summon and marry a white girlfriend, Gilda Marshall, who is already very pregnant when she arrives to move in with him. Gilda later gives birth to a white child, obviously not fathered by Jimmie; while upset at the public embarrassment, he eagerly embraces being a parent.

Shortly after the birth, Jimmie's full-caste brother Mort and uncle Tabidgi come to the Newby property, and Jimmie enlists their help in his fence-building work. However, Mr. Newby uses their presence as an excuse to deny Jimmie his pay and needed provisions, claiming the extra men were not part of their arrangement. Meanwhile, Mrs. Newby and a schoolteacher friend Miss Graf try to convince Gilda to take her baby and leave Jimmie for a teaching opportunity in another part of the country, which Gilda refuses. Furious at the mistreatment his family is facing, Jimmie enlists Tabidgi to help put a "scare" into the Newby women while the men are away, planning to threaten them with hatchets. This suddenly and brutally turns into a rampage that leaves Mrs. Newby, Miss Graf, and all the Newby daughters but one infant dead. Jimmie's family flee the compound, and shortly after Tabidgi, Gilda, and the child are left behind as Jimmie and Mort continue on the run. They soon murder Jimmie's previous employer Healey as well, with Jimmie announcing that he has declared war, in the manner he once heard the fighting against the Boers described. As press coverage about Jimmie's killings become nationwide news, a reporter makes regular probing inquiries to his butcher, whom he is aware doubles as the city's hangman for the police, about what may take place when Jimmie is captured. Tabidgi, since captured and sentenced to death for accessory to murder, tells the convicting court that the decision to kill was not part of the plan and came to them on impulse.

Still uncaptured, Jimmie and Mort come upon a schoolteacher, McCready, who they initially wound by gunfire; he convinces them not to kill him by showing them a newspaper article about their national notoriety. They decide to take him as a hostage instead and take him from his home. As the brothers argue about the morality of their crimes of killing women and children, McCready makes bitterly humorous observations about the influence of white people on the native Aboriginies. He convinces Jimmie to go on alone and abandon Mort by indicating that Mort's soul has had none of Jimmie's detrimental white influences. Mort in turn takes McCready to a farm to recover, but is killed by a hunting party led by the Newby males and Miss Graf's fiancee Dowie Steed. Jimmie himself is shot at in a lake, but manages to crudely tend to his wounds and hide out in a convent for a night. He is found the next morning and taken by police, who vainly try to prevent townspeople from beating him as they take him to jail. In the final scene, Jimmie is read the last rites by Rev. Neville in his cell, as the butcher/hangman from earlier observes them, and declares that despite the (perceived) unique physical characteristics of Jimmie, his hanging will likely go as normal as any other.



The film's budget was raised from a variety of sources; $350,000 plus a loan of $50,000 from the Australian Film Commission, $350,000 from the Victorian Film Corporation, $200,000 from Hoyts, $250,000 from Schepisi.[1]

Tommy Lewis was spotted by Fred Schepisi's wife at Melbourne airport just walking past. He was approached and was eventually cast.[5]

Filming began on 8 August 1977 and went for fourteen weeks.


The film won the Best Original Music Score (Bruce Smeaton), Best Actress in a Lead Role (Angela Punch McGregor) and Best Actor in a Supporting Role (Ray Barrett) and was nominated for 9 more awards at the Australian Film Institute (AFI) for 1978. It was also nominated for the Palme d'Or (Golden Palm) at the 1978 Cannes Film Festival.[6]

The novel was nominated for the Booker Prize in 1972, losing to John Berger's G.

Box office

The Chant of Jimmie Blacksmith grossed $1,021,000 at the box office in Australia.[7] Because of the promotional costs involved, only $50,000 was returned to the producers. Schepisi lost his entire investment.[1]

Home media

The Chant of Jimmie Blacksmith was released on DVD with a new print by Umbrella Entertainment in November 2008. The DVD is compatible with all region codes and includes special features such as the theatrical trailer and audio commentary with Fred Schepisi. The 30th Anniversary Edition also includes interviews with key cast and crew including Fred Schepisi and Tommy Lewis, a Q&A session with Fred Schepisi and Geoffrey Rush filmed at the Melbourne International Film Festival in 2008, a stills gallery and Making Us Blacksmiths, a documentary on the casting of Aboriginal lead actors Tommy Lewis and Freddy Reynolds.[8][9] Many of the features of this disc were ported over for a U.S. DVD release from studio Industrial Entertainment, but is now out-of-print.


The film holds a 100% approval rating on review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes.[10]

Fred Schepisci said the Americans regarded the film as a Western and it led to him being offered the chance to direct one.[11]


"The Chant of Jimmie Blacksmith" by Australian roots-rock band The Groovesmiths is also based on the story.

See also


  1. David Stratton, The Last New Wave: The Australian Film Revival, Angus & Robertson, 1980 p134-137
  2. The Chant of Jimmie Blacksmith (1978) at British Film Institute website
  3. The Chant of Jimmie Blacksmith at the Australian screen
  4. Murray, Scott, ed. (1994). Australian Cinema. St.Leonards, NSW.: Allen & Unwin/AFC. p. 85. ISBN 1863733116.
  5. David Roe & Scott Murray, "Fred Schepisi", Cinema Papers, January 1978 p244-246, 269
  6. "Festival de Cannes: The Chant of Jimmie Blacksmith". Retrieved 21 May 2009.
  7. Film Victoria – Australian Films at the Australian Box Office
  8. "Umbrella Entertainment – 30th Anniversary Edition". Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  9. "Umbrella Entertainment – Single DVD". Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  10. "The Chant of Jimmie Blacksmith (1978)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
  11. Vagg, Stephen (24 July 2019). "50 Meat Pie Westerns". Filmink.
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