The Birdcage

The Birdcage is a 1996 American comedy film directed by Mike Nichols, adapted by Elaine May, and starring Robin Williams, Gene Hackman, Nathan Lane, and Dianne Wiest. Dan Futterman, Calista Flockhart, Hank Azaria, and Christine Baranski appear in supporting roles. It is a remake of the 1978 Franco-Italian film La Cage aux Folles by Édouard Molinaro starring Michel Serrault and Ugo Tognazzi.

The Birdcage
Theatrical release poster
Directed byMike Nichols
Produced by
  • Mike Nichols
  • Neil A. Machlis
Screenplay byElaine May
Based onLa Cage aux Folles
by Jean Poiret
Francis Veber
Music byStephen Sondheim
CinematographyEmmanuel Lubezki
Edited byArthur Schmidt
Nichols Film Company
Distributed byUnited Artists
Release date
  • March 8, 1996 (1996-03-08)
Running time
119 minutes
CountryUnited States
Budget$31 million[1]
Box office$185.3 million[2]


Armand Goldman is the openly gay owner of a drag club in South Beach called The Birdcage; his life partner Albert, an effeminate and flamboyant man, plays "Starina", the star attraction of the club. They live together in an apartment above The Birdcage with Agador, their flamboyant Guatemalan housekeeper who dreams of being in Albert's drag show as well.

One day, Armand's son Val (born after Armand had a drunken one-night stand with a woman named Katherine) comes home to visit and announces that he has been seeing a young woman named Barbara, whom he intends to marry. Although unhappy about the news, Armand agrees to support his son. Unfortunately, Barbara's parents are the ultraconservative Republican Senator Kevin Keeley and his wife Louise.

Kevin, who is co-founder of a conservative group called the Coalition for Moral Order, becomes embroiled in a political scandal when his co-founder and fellow senator is found dead in the bed of an underage African-American prostitute. Louise and Barbara convince Kevin that a visit to his daughter's fiancé's family would be the perfect way to stave off bad press, and plan to travel to South Beach as soon as possible.

Barbara shares news of her father's plan to Val; to cover the Goldmans' truth, she has told her parents that Armand is straight and a cultural attaché to Greece. Armand dislikes the idea of being forced into the closet, but agrees to play along, enlisting the help of friends and club employees to redecorate the family's apartment to more closely resemble a traditional household. Val and Armand attempt to get Albert out of the house but when they fail Albert suggests coming as Val's straight uncle. Armand contacts Katherine and explains the situation; she agrees to the farce, promising to come to the party and pretend to be his wife. Armand then tries to coach Albert on how to be straight, but Albert's flamboyant nature makes the task difficult. When Albert realizes his plan will not fool anyone, he takes offense and locks himself in his room.

The Keeleys arrive at the Goldmans (who are calling themselves "Coleman" for the evening to hide their Jewish heritage) redecorated apartment; they are greeted by Agador, who is passing himself off as a Greek butler named "Spartacus" for the night. Unfortunately, Katherine gets caught in traffic, and the Keeleys begin wondering where "Mrs. Coleman" is. Suddenly, Albert enters, dressed and styled as a conservative middle-aged woman. Armand, Val, and Barbara are nervous, but Kevin and Louise are tricked by the disguise.

Despite the success of the evening, trouble begins when the senator's chauffeur betrays him to two tabloid journalists, down-and-out Harry Radman and his photographer, who have been hoping for a scoop on the Coalition story. While they research The Birdcage, they also remove a note that Armand has left on the door informing Katherine not to come upstairs. When she finally arrives, she unknowingly reveals the deceptions. Though Armand and Albert scramble to find a new cover story, Val instead confesses to the scheme and identifies Albert as his true parent.

Kevin is initially confused by the situation, but Louise both informs him of the truth and scolds him for being more concerned with his career than his family's happiness. He agrees to the marriage, but discovers that the paparazzi are waiting outside to take his picture. Albert then realizes that there is a way for the family to escape without being recognized: he dresses Kevin and Louise in drag, and they use the apartment's back entrance to sneak into The Birdcage, with Armand introducing them as a part of the club's nightly act. They all dance out of the nightclub door and reach safety, preventing a disaster. Barbara and Val are married in an interfaith service, which both families attend.



A number of songs written by Stephen Sondheim were used in the film. The song that Albert rehearses during the sequence with the gum-chewing dancer is entitled "Little Dream" and was written specifically for use in the film.[3] Albert's first song as "Starina" is "Can That Boy Foxtrot", cut from Sondheim's Follies. The song that Armand and Katherine sing and dance to in her office, "Love Is in the Air", had been intended as the opening number for the musical A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum in 1962. The song was cut from the show and replaced with Comedy Tonight.[4]


The film opened on March 8, 1996, and grossed $18,275,828 in its opening weekend, topping the box office.[5] It remained at #1 for the next 3 weeks before being derailed by the openings of Primal Fear and A Thin Line Between Love and Hate. By the end of its 14-week run, the film had grossed $124,060,553 domestically and $61,200,000 internationally, eventually reaching a total of US$185,260,553 worldwide.[2]

The film received positive reviews upon its release, and as of 2019, the film holds a 79% approval rating on the review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes, based on 48 critic reviews. The site's critical consensus reads: "Mike Nichols wrangles agreeably amusing performances from Robin Williams and Nathan Lane in this fun, if not quite essential, remake of the French-Italian comedy La Cage aux Folles."[6]

The review aggregator Metacritic reported that the film received "generally favorable" reviews, with a score of 72% based on 18 reviews.[7]

James Berardinelli wrote, "The film is so boisterously entertaining that it's easy for the unsuspecting viewer not to realize that there's a message here."[8] Desson Thomson from The Washington Post described the film as "A spirited remake of the French drag farce [that] has everything in place, from eyeliner to one-liner."[8] Owen Gleiberman from Entertainment Weekly called the film "Enchantingly witty".[8]

The Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation (GLAAD) praised the film for "going beyond the stereotypes to see the characters' depth and humanity. The film celebrates differences and points out the outrageousness of hiding those differences."[9] The film was also nominated for a GLAAD Media Award.[10]


Association Ceremony Date Category Recipient Results
20/20 Awards 2017 Best Costume Design Ann Roth Nominated
Best Art Direction Bo Welch Nominated
Academy Awards March 24, 1997 Best Production Design Bo Welch
Cheryl Caraski
American Comedy Awards 1997 Funniest Lead Actor in a Motion Picture Nathan Lane Won
Funniest Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture Hank Azaria Nominated
Funniest Supporting Actress in a Motion Picture Dianne Wiest Won
Funniest Supporting Actress in a Motion Picture Christine Baranski Nominated
Art Directors Guild Awards 1997 Feature Film Bo Welch
Tom Duffield
John Dexter
Awards Circuit Community Awards 1997 Best Adapted Screenplay Francis Veber
Edouard Molinaro
Marcello Danon
Jean Poiret
Elaine May
Best Art Direction Bo Welch
Cheryl Carasik
Honorable Mentions Mike Nichols Nominated
Blockbuster Entertainment Awards 1997 Favorite Supporting Actor - Comedy Gene Hackman Won
Favorite Supporting Actress - Comedy Dianne Wiest Won
Casting Society of America Awards 1997 Best Casting for Feature Film, Comedy Juliet Taylor
Ellen Lewis
Chicago Film Critics Association Awards 1997 Best Supporting Actor Nathan Lane Nominated
Cinema Audio Society Awards 1997 Outstanding Achievement in Sound Mixing for Feature Films Lee Dichter
Gene S. Cantamessa
GLAAD Media Awards 1997 Outstanding Film - Wide Release N/A Nominated
Golden Globe Awards January 19, 1997 Best Motion Picture - Comedy or Musical N/A Nominated
Best Actor in a Motion Picture - Comedy or Musical Nathan Lane Nominated
International Monitor Awards 1997 Theatrical Releases - Color Correction David Bernstein Won
MTV Movie + TV Awards June 10, 1997 Best Comedic Performance Robin Williams Nominated
Best On-Screen Duo Robin Williams
Nathan Lane
Online Film & Television Association Awards 1997 Best Motion Picture - Comedy/Musical Mike Nichols Nominated
Best Actor in a Comedy/Musical Nathan Lane Nominated
Best Supporting Actor in a Comedy/Musical Hank Azaria Nominated
Satellite Awards January 15, 1997 Best Actor in a Motion Picture - Comedy or Musical Nathan Lane Nominated
Best Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture - Comedy or Musical Gene Hackman Nominated
Screen Actors Guild Awards February 22, 1997 Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Supporting Role Nathan Lane Nominated
Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Supporting Role Hank Azaria Nominated
Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture Hank Azaria
Christine Baranski
Dan Futterman
Gene Hackman
Nathan Lane
Robin Williams
Writers Guild of America Awards March 16, 1997 Best Screenplay Based on Material Previously Produced or Published Elaine May Nominated

See also


  1. "The Birdcage". Archived from the original on 2015-09-20.
  2. The Birdcage at Box Office Mojo
  3. Kimmel, Bruce. "The Birdcage". Retrieved May 10, 2012.
  4. "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum ". Retrieved May 10, 2012.
  5. "Weekend Box Office: March 8-10, 1996 Weekend". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
  6. "The Birdcage (1996)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved July 30, 2019.
  7. "The Birdcage reviews". Metacritic.
  8. Alexander Ryll (2014). "Essential Gay Themed Films To Watch, The Birdcage". Gay Essential. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
  9. Calley, John (March 5, 1996). "GLAAD APPLAUDS 'THE BIRDCAGE'". GLAAD. Retrieved January 20, 2007
  10. "What to Watch: Thursday, September 1". GLAAD. August 1, 2011.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.