The Big Clock
The Big Clock is a 1946 novel by Kenneth Fearing. Published by Harcourt Brace, the thriller was his fourth novel, following three for Random House (The Hospital, Dagger of the Mind, Clark Gifford's Body) and five collections of his poetry. The story first appeared in abridged form in The American Magazine (October 1946), as "The Judas Picture". The story was adapted for three films: The Big Clock (1948) starring Ray Milland, Police Python 357 (1976) starring Yves Montand and No Way Out (1987) starring Kevin Costner.
First edition (1946)
|Publisher||Harcourt, Brace and Company|
|Media type||Print (Hardcover)|
George Stroud works for a New York magazine publisher not unlike Time-Life. Stroud begins an intermittent affair with Pauline, the girlfriend of his boss, Earl Janoth. One night, Stroud leaves Pauline at the corner near her apartment, just as Janoth returns from a trip. The next day, Pauline is found murdered in her apartment. Janoth knows someone saw him enter Pauline’s apartment on the night of the murder, but he doesn't know who that was. To find out, Janoth tells his staff to track the witness, and Stroud is put in charge of the investigation.
Fearing based the novel on the October 1943 murder of New York brewery heiress Patricia Burton Bernheimer Lonergan and Sam Fuller's 1944 thriller, The Dark Page. A combination of these two suggested a plot thread to Fearing, and he began writing The Big Clock during August 1944, continuing to work on the manuscript for over a year. He married artist Nan Lurie in 1945, and much of the novel was written in her loft on East 10th Street in New York City. The manuscript was completed by October 1945, and it was published by Harcourt Brace a year later.
In his introduction to Kenneth Fearing: Complete Poems (1994), Robert M. Ryley described the events of publication and the aftermath:
- Published in the fall of 1946, The Big Clock made Fearing temporarily rich. Altogether he took in about $60,000 (roughly $360,000 in 1992 dollars): about $10,000 in royalties and from the sale of republication rights (including a condensation in The American Magazine), and $50,000 from the sale of film rights to Paramount. In 1947, Nan won $2,000 in an art competition, a sum they dismissed as negligible but that only two years earlier would have seemed a fortune. But Fearing's successes always contained the germ of disaster. Overestimating his business acumen, he had negotiated his own contract with Paramount, permanently and irrevocably signing away his film rights, and relinquishing his television rights till 1952, by which time, he discovered to his rage and frustration, Paramount was showing late-night reruns and had thus cornered the market. A more immediate problem was alcohol. He told his friend Alice Neel (the model for Louise Patterson, the eccentric painter in The Big Clock) that since he could now afford to start drinking in the morning, he was having trouble getting any work done. On one occasion he almost died from a combination of scotch and phenobarbital, and in 1952 he was so shaken by his doctor's warnings about the condition of his liver that he went on the wagon. For Nan, who for years had been trying to get him to stop drinking, this should have been a cause for rejoicing, but she discovered that without alcohol he was no longer "playful" and "romantic" and that she was no longer interested in the marriage.
- 1946, The American Magazine, October 1946, abridged as "The Judas Picture"
- 1946, New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company, hardcover
- 1947, Armed Services Edition
- 1976, New York and London: Garland Publishing, Inc. (Fifty Classics of Crime Fiction 1900–1950), hardcover reprint of 1946 edition with preface by Jacques Barzun and Wendell Hertig Taylor
- 2002, London: Orion Publishing Group (Crime Masterworks), paperback
- 2006, New York: New York Review Books Classics, paperback, introduction by Nicholas Christopher
Literary significance and reception
In A Catalogue of Crime (1971), a reference guide to detective fiction, Jacques Barzun and Wendell Hertig Taylor describe The Big Clock as "a truly brilliant story, laid in a large mass-communications organization … Tone and talk are sharp and often bitter—the whole business is a tour de force worthy of the highest praise."
Barzun and Taylor selected The Big Clock for their hardcover-reprint series, Fifty Classics of Crime Fiction 1900–1950. "As if showing a man caught in the machinery were not enough, Fearing has multiplied the horrors by adding the secret burden of guilt, the fear of death by execution, and the strain of trying to find a way out of damning circumstances," they wrote in the preface:
The result is a story which just misses being a nightmare too rational to be endured. What gives the reader a chance to breathe and even smile is the admixture of some warm human touches and some excellent unforced humor. By a further display of narrative skill, the story is presented by six persons in nineteen varied episodes, leading to a sufficiently grim smash ending, yet without palpable interruption of the relentless "clock". And when all is over the reader-participant in this drama of the big city and the big outfit will reflect with surprise that the tour de force which so gripped him was a mystery without a mystery.
The Big Clock is one of the novels chosen by author Kevin Johnson to represent the literary origins of film noir in his 2007 book, The Dark Page: Books That Inspired American Film Noir, 1940–1949.
The Big Clock (1948)
John Farrow directed The Big Clock (1948), screenwriter Jonathan Latimer's adaptation of the novel. The film stars Ray Milland, Charles Laughton, Rita Johnson, George Macready and Maureen O'Sullivan.
Police Python 357 (1976)
Police Python 357 (1976) is a French adaptation of The Big Clock in which the main characters are policemen in Orléans.
No Way Out (1987)
Directed by Roger Donaldson, No Way Out (1987) stars Kevin Costner, Gene Hackman, and Sean Young. Robert Garland's adaptation updates events to the American political world in Washington, D.C., during the Cold War.
In October 1973 The Big Clock was also dramatized on radio as Desperate Witness, an episode of Mutual's The Zero Hour, hosted by Rod Serling.
- "Obituary: Michael Dolas". Santa Barbara Independent. December 2010. Retrieved 2015-07-04.
- "Defense Rests in Murder Trial of Wayne Lonergan," The Evening Independent, March 1944.
- Ryley, Robert M. Kenneth Fearing: Complete Poems. National Poetry Foundation, 1994. ISBN 978-0-943373-25-6
- Books of the Times: 'Tall, Ice-Blonde and Splendid' A Wonderful Third Avenue Bar By CHARLES POORE. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 21 Sep 1946: 10.
- Barzun, Jazques; Taylor, Wendell Hertig (1971). A Catalogue of Crime. New York: Harper & Row. p. 175. OCLC 47364442.
- Fearing, Kenneth (1976) . The Big Clock (reprint edition; preface by Jacques Barzun and Wendell Hertig Taylor). New York and London: Garland Publishing, Inc. ISBN 9780824023669.
- Johnson, Kevin (2007). The Dark Page: Books That Inspired American Film Noir, 1940–1949. New Castle, Delaware: Oak Knoll Press. pp. 94–95. ISBN 9781584562177.
- The Big Clock at Faded Page (Canada)
- Excerpts from The Big Clock