The Bells (1911 film)
The Bells is a 1911 Australian feature-length silent film directed by W. J. Lincoln. It is based on the famous stage melodrama by Erckmann-Chatrian, adapted by Leopold Lewis, which in turn had been adapted for the Australian stage by W. J. Lincoln before he made it into a film.
|Directed by||W. J. Lincoln|
|Produced by||William Gibson|
|Written by||W. J. Lincoln|
|Based on||the play The Bells by Erckmann-Chatrian|
adapted by Leopold Lewis
and W. J. Lincoln
|7 October 1911 (Melbourne)|
It is today considered a lost film.
Mathias (Arthur Styan) is an innkeeper in a village in Alsace, happily married to Catherine (Miss Grist) and with a daughter Annette (Nellie Bramley). However he is greatly in debt, so on Christmas Day 1833, he murders a Polish Jew (Mr Cullenane) who visits the inn for his gold. He uses this to pay off his debts and rise in society, becoming the burgomaster of the town – however he is always tormented by guilt.
Fifteen years later on Christmas Day, Mathias becomes delirious and hears the sound of the Jew's sleigh bells. He dreams he is being tried for the murder and is found guilty. He awakes and dies, leaving his family none the wiser.
- Arthur Styan as Mathias
- Nellie Bramley as Annette
- Ethel Grist as Catherine
- John Ennis as Walter
- Ward Lyons as Hans
- Charles Lawrence as Christian
- Mr Johns as mesmerist
- Mr Ebbsmith as Dr Zimmer
- George Kensington as notary
- Mr Devon as Tony
- Mr Devine as Fritz
- Mr Cullenane as the Polish Jew
- Mr Coleridge as judge
- Mr Sinclair as clerk
- Marion Willis as Sozel
The film was an adaptation of a well known play and featured the only known screen appearance of stage actor Nellie Bramley. It was shot partly on location of Mount Donna Buang in Victoria.
Sam Crews was the scenic artist, and John Ennis was the stage manager. Stage scenery was hired from J.C. Williamson Ltd. It was shot at a studio in St Kilda.
Screenings of the film were often accompanied by a lectured from J Ennis, who was in the film.
The film was released in the US in 1914 by Sawyers Inc.
- Mary Bateman, 'W. J. Lincoln', Cinema Papers, June–July 1980 p 214
- "The Picture World". Table Talk. Melbourne. 8 September 1927. p. 29. Retrieved 18 June 2015 – via National Library of Australia.
- Mary Bateman, 'W. J. Lincoln', Cinema Papers, June–July 1980 p 174
- "The Picture World". Table Talk. Melbourne. 8 September 1927. p. 29. Retrieved 26 October 2014 – via National Library of Australia.
- "LIFE & LETTERS". The West Australian. Perth. 4 May 1946. p. 5. Retrieved 16 September 2013 – via National Library of Australia.
- Andrew Pike and Ross Cooper, Australian Film 1900–1977: A Guide to Feature Film Production, Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1998, 25.
- "Film Year Book: The 1922–23 Film Daily Year Book of Motion Pictures" p 171 accessed 24 June 2015
- Everyones, Everyones Ltd, 1920, retrieved 15 March 2019
- The Bells on IMDb
- The Bells at AustLit
- The Bells at National Film and Sound Archive
- Full text of the play