The Barretts of Wimpole Street (1957 film)
The Barretts of Wimpole Street is a 1957 Metrocolor CinemaScope film originating from the United Kingdom, and was a re-make of the earlier 1934 version by the same director, Sidney Franklin. Both films are based on the play The Barretts of Wimpole Street by Rudolf Besier. The screenplay for the 1957 film is credited to John Dighton, although Franklin used exactly the same script for the second movie as he did for the first. The film, set in the early 19th century, stars Jennifer Jones, John Gielgud, and Bill Travers.
|The Barretts of Wimpole Street|
|Directed by||Sidney Franklin|
|Produced by||Sam Zimbalist|
|Written by||John Dighton (screenplay)|
|Based on||The Barretts of Wimpole Street|
by Rudolf Besier
|Music by||Bronisław Kaper|
|Edited by||Frank Clarke|
|Box office||$1.1 million|
Elizabeth Barrett (Jennifer Jones) is the disabled grown-up daughter of Edward Moulton-Barrett (John Gielgud) of Wimpole Street, and has an intense interest in poetry. However, she lives under the obsessive rule of her father, and this severely limits her ability to develop her love of rhyme amongst her peers. Edward in fact shows clear incestuous tendencies towards her, and discourages close contact with any males. When the poet Robert Browning (Bill Travers) enters her life, though, matters are brought to a head, through the intervention of Browning. Edward finds that his control over Elizabeth, and her younger sister Henrietta (Virginia McKenna), is far from complete.
- John Gielgud as Edward Moulton-Barrett
- Jennifer Jones as Elizabeth Barrett
- Bill Travers as Robert Browning
- Virginia McKenna as Henrietta Barrett
- Vernon Gray as Captain Surtees Cook
- Susan Stephen as Bella
- Jean Anderson as Wilson
- Maxine Audley as Arabel
- Leslie Phillips as Harry Bevan
- Laurence Naismith as Dr. Chambers
- Moultrie Kelsall as Dr. Ford-Waterlow
- Michael Brill as George
- Kenneth Fortescue as Octavius
- Nicholas Hawtrey as Henry
- Richard Thorp as Alfred
- Keith Baxter as Charles
- Brian Smith as Septimus
To lend the whole project an air of authenticity, producer Sam Zimbalist moved filming from the 1934 location in the United States to the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studios in Borehamwood, Hertfordshire, England, using only "fine English actors" with the exception of American actress Jennifer Jones, and as many correct locations as possible, including St Marylebone Parish Church in London. Bill Travers (Browning) and Virginia McKenna (Henrietta), though cast to play future in-laws in the film, were actually husband and wife in real life.
Relationship to the real story of the Brownings' courtship
Although most of the names of the individuals involved are correct in the play and films, by definition motivations of individuals cannot be known. The numerous love letters that Robert and Elizabeth exchanged before their marriage, however, can give readers a great deal of information about this famous courtship in their own words. The correspondence was well underway before they ever met in person, he having admired the collection Poems that she published in 1844. He opens his first letter to her, 'I love your verses with all my heart, dear Miss Barrett,' and a little later in that first letter he says 'I do, as I say, love these books with all my heart—and I love you too' (10 January 1845).
Several editions of these letters have been published, starting with one by their son in 1898. Flush by Virginia Woolf, a version of the courtship from the perspective of Elizabeth's dog, is also an imaginative reconstruction, though more closely based on reading the letters. Both the play and film reflect popular concerns at the time, particularly Freudian analysis. Although Edward Barrett's behaviour in disinheriting the children who married seems bizarre, there is no evidence of his being sexually aggressive toward any family members.
Reviews were generally positive, although several critics questioned the decision to remake the film at that time because of its lack of appeal to the rock and roll generation. Bosley Crowther of The New York Times praised the film as "another fine production of the old romance ... It does one's heart good to visit once more that dramatic old house on Wimpole Street."
Variety wrote that the film had "a quality look, perfectly picturing the era with almost museum fidelity and reflecting astuteness in virtually all phases except possibly the most important—choice of story for the current, highly competitive market." The review thought that younger viewers would find the film "no more than a quaint, old-fashioned, boy-meets-girl drama, long, talky and often tedious."
Harrison's Reports agreed, calling the film "a quality production" but "extremely slow-moving, and the morals and manners of the period, as presented, may prove much too stately for today's mass audiences." Richard L. Coe of The Washington Post declared the film "an excellent remake of an old favorite" with a "chilling, memorable performance" by Gielgud.
A generally positive review in The New Yorker by John McCarten called the script a "fair and literate adaptation" of the play and Mr. Barrett "an impressive figure" as played by Gielgud, "but I'm afraid I can't say as much for Jennifer Jones, who plays the invalid Elizabeth as if she'd just completed a lively hay ride, or for Bill Travers, whose Browning is unconscionably ebullient." The Monthly Film Bulletin remarked that the decision to remake the film seemed "rather odd," given that to modern viewers it "must appear a little tame and lacking in spirit. In any case, the handling of Rudolf Besier's heavily dramatic play reveals little flair or imagination; the film is far too static and theatrically manoeuvered to maintain the interest throughout its considerable running time."
- "The Barretts of Wimpole Street - Details". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
- "'Barretts' to M. H." Motion Picture Daily: 2. 11 January 1957.
- The Eddie Mannix Ledger, Los Angeles: Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study
- Film synopsis and details: New York Times website. Retrieved on 15 January 2008.
- Same script: IMDB.com website. Retrieved on 15 January 2008.
- MGM studios, Borehamwood, circa 1938: Francis Frith website. Retrieved on 15 January 2008.
- Marylebone Church, London, used as film location: IMDB.com website. Retrieved on 15 January 2008.
- Production details: from an article at the TCM website. Retrieved on 15 January 2008.
- Technical specifications: IMDB.com website. Retrieved on 15 January 2008.
- Other technical info: IMDB.com website. Retrieved on 15 January 2008.
- Kelley, Philip, et al., eds., The Brownings' Correspondence. Wedgestone Press, 1992. Vol. 10, p. 17
- The Courtship of Robert Browning and Elizabeth Barrett, Daniel Karlin, Oxford University Press, 1987, pages 1 and 3.
- Crowther, Bosley (18 January 1957). "The Screen: A New Visit to 'Wimpole Street'". The New York Times: 14.
- "The Barretts of Wimpole Street". Variety: 6. 16 January 1957.
- "'The Barretts of Wimpole Street' with Jennifer Jones and John Gielgud". Harrison's Reports: 6. 12 January 1957.
- Coe, Richard L. (15 March 1957). "The Barretts Back in Style". The Washington Post: D10.
- McCarten, John (26 January 1957). "The Current Cinema". The New Yorker: 95.
- "The Barretts of Wimpole Street". The Monthly Film Bulletin. 24 (278): 27. March 1957.