The Bad Lord Byron
The Bad Lord Byron is a 1949 British historical drama film centered on the life of Lord Byron. It was directed by David MacDonald and starred Dennis Price as Byron with Mai Zetterling, Linden Travers and Joan Greenwood.
|The Bad Lord Byron|
|Directed by||David MacDonald|
|Produced by||Aubrey Baring|
|Written by||Paul Holt|
|Music by||Cedric Thorpe Davie|
|Edited by||James Needs|
Triton Films (Sydney Box Productions)
|Distributed by||GFD (UK)|
International Releasing Organisation (US)
|18 April 1949 (UK)|
|Budget||£200,000 or £223,900|
|Box office||£75,000 (by 1953)|
The film sees life from the perspective of Lord Byron, seriously wounded in Greece where he is fighting for Greek independence. From his deathbed, Byron remembers his life and many loves, imagining that he's pleading his case before a celestial court.
The first witness called is Lady Caroline Lamb who recalls their relationship. She met Byron after a ball and they began an affair. He writes the poem She Walks in Beauty about another woman, causing Lady Caroline to stab herself with a broken glass. He breaks things off and Lady Caroline is sent to Ireland.
The next witness is Annabella Milbanke who talks about her romance and marriage to Byron, including the birth of their child.
The third witness is Augusta Leigh, who Annabelle thought Byron was having an affair with, though Augusta denies it.
Teresa is the fifth witness. She talks of their love affair while she was married and his involvement in the Carbonari in Italy. Byron leaves her to go fight for Greek independence. The celestial judge (played by Dennis Price) tells the viewer it is up to them to decide whether Byron was good or bad.
- Dennis Price as Lord Byron
- Mai Zetterling as Teresa Guiccioli
- Joan Greenwood as Lady Caroline Lamb
- Linden Travers as Augusta Leigh
- Sonia Holm as Annabella Milbanke
- Raymond Lovell as John Hobhouse
- Leslie Dwyer as Fletcher
- Denis O'Dea as Prosecuting Counsel
- Irene Browne as Lady Melbourne
- Virgilio Teixeira as Pietro Gamba
- Ernest Thesiger as Count Guiccioli
- Gerard Heinz as Austrian Officer
- Cyril Chamberlain as Defending Counsel
- Wilfrid Hyde-White as Mr. Hopton
- Henry Oscar as Count Gamba
- Richard Molinas as Gondolier
- Robert Harris as Dallas
- Ronald Adam as Judge
- Archie Duncan as John Murray
- Barry Jones as Colonel Stonhope
- Natalie Moya as Lady Milbanke
- Bernard Rebel as Doctor Bruno
- John Stone as Lord Clark
- Nora Swinburne as Lady Jersey
- John Salew as Samuel Rogers
The film was announced in 1945 by Two Cities with Eric Portman to play the title role (Portman had played Byron on stage). Stewart Granger was mentioned as another possibility. The film was to be written, produced and directed by Terence Young based on the books by Peter Quennell, The Years of Fame and Byron in Italy.
The project was not made but was re-activated when Sydney Box took over Gainsborough Studios in 1946. Box had been considering a film based on Percy Shelley but was also enthusiastic about making one on Byron, who Box greatly admired. He assigned the project to producer Aubrey Baring and director David MacDonald. They greatly reduced Young's script by a half but Box was still dissatisfied with it.
Working with Gainsborough script adviser Paul Holt, Box reconfigured the film to consist of a series of flashbacks about episodes in Byron's life. Box ultimately decided this approach was too derivative of Citizen Kane and made Byron's presence in the film too insubstantial. He then decided to focus the script on Byron's relationship with Teresa Guiccioli but changed his mind with Mai Zetterling who was playing that part was not available.
A Nottingham City librarian refused permission for the filmmakers to shoot at Newstead Abbey because of Byron's reputation. Sydney Box called it "an example of bureaucracy at its worst."
Great effort and much money was spent to ensure the film was as historically accurate as possible in terms of sets and costumes. It was not shot in colour as to do so would have increased its budget by a third, and also as colour cameras were being used on the film The Blue Lagoon. A huge set was built at Shepherds Bush. Filming took eleven weeks.
Before the film was released, the US announced they would not allow the film to be screened there because of the relationship between Byron and his half sister, even though it was not featured in the film.
Sydney Box later heard a radio play about Byron, The Trial of Lord Byron by Laurence Kitchin which he thought would tie up some loose ends of the film. It consisted of Byron being hauled before a celestial court and forced to justify his actions. Box bought the rights to the radio play and had David MacDonald shoot 22 minutes of retakes in two days.
The movie received bad reviews. Dannis Price later said "One day I hope to have enough money to make another Byron film — the real story. And if I could get hold of all the scenes we shot and which never appeared in the film, two-thirds of the Job would be done."
A critic for Time Out has written of the film:
- Geoffrey Macnab, J. Arthur Rank and the British Film Industry, London, Routledge (1993) p183
- Andrew Spicer, Sydney Box Manchester Uni Press 2006 p 211
- "Bad Lord Byron | BFI | BFI". Explore.bfi.org.uk. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
- TM (Tom Milne). "The Bad Lord Byron". Time Out. London. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- Andrew Spicer, "The Apple of Mr. Rank’s Mercatorial Eye’: Managing Director of Gainsborough Pictures"
- Spicer, Andrew (5 September 2006). Sydney Box. pp. 132–134. ISBN 9780719059995.
- Lanchbery, E. (1948, Mar 13). "Mad, bad, and dangerous to know". Answers, 114, 3-4. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/1822958504
- "FILM FARE FROM BRITAIN". The Daily News. LXV (22, 628) (FIRST ed.). Western Australia. 18 October 1947. p. 19. Retrieved 4 September 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "FILM WORLD". The West Australian. 63 (19, 167). Western Australia. 19 December 1947. p. 27. Retrieved 4 September 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Australian director's new film". The Sun (2349). Sydney. 18 April 1948. p. 27. Retrieved 4 September 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "BAD BYRON". The West Australian. 63 (19, 150). Western Australia. 29 November 1947. p. 12. Retrieved 4 September 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "LIBRARIAN REFUSES FILM UNIT TO PHOTOGRAPH ABBEY". The Canberra Times. 22 (6, 441). 29 November 1947. p. 1. Retrieved 4 September 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- Nepean, E. (1948, Feb 21). Round the British studios. Picture show, 52, 7. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com
- OUR LONDON CORRESPONDENCE. (1948, Apr 02). The Manchester Guardian (1901–1959) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/478800759
- "FILM NEWS AND GOSSIP". Truth (3046). Sydney. 6 June 1948. p. 29. Retrieved 4 September 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "OLIVIER TIPPED FOR OSCAR PRIZE". Truth (3069). Sydney. 14 November 1948. p. 30. Retrieved 4 September 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "MOVIE NEWS AND GOSSIP". Truth (3095). Sydney. 15 May 1949. p. 39. Retrieved 4 September 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "NEW BOOKS". Townsville Daily Bulletin. LXIX. Queensland. 9 December 1949. p. 6. Retrieved 4 September 2017 – via National Library of Australia.