The Atomic Submarine
The Atomic Submarine is a 1959 independently made American black-and-white science fiction film drama, produced by Alex Gordon, directed by Spencer Gordon Bennet, that stars Arthur Franz, Dick Foran, Brett Halsey, and Joi Lansing, with John Hilliard as the voice of the alien. The film was distributed by Allied Artists Pictures Corporation.
|The Atomic Submarine|
|Directed by||Spencer Gordon Bennet|
|Produced by||Alex Gordon|
|Screenplay by||Orville H. Hampton|
|Story by||Irving Block|
|Music by||Alexander Laszlo|
|Edited by||William Austin|
Gorham Productions, Inc.
|Distributed by||Allied Artists Pictures Corporation (US)|
Warner-Pathé (original, UK)
The storyline of The Atomic Submarine concerns an alien invasion that begins when an underwater UFO attacks the world's shipping for unknown reasons. The film showcases the (then) new technology of nuclear submarines and follows the crew and scientists aboard the atomic powered USS Tigershark, which has been ordered to hunt down the mysterious underwater saucer and stop its disruption of sea commerce.
A submarine is destroyed near the North Pole by a mysterious undersea light. The loss of this and several other ships in the Arctic alarms the world. Governments temporarily close the polar route and convene an emergency meeting at The Pentagon. Present is Commander Dan Wendover (Dick Foran), the captain of the atomic submarine Tigershark, and Nobel Prize winning scientist Sir Ian Hunt (Tom Conway). The United States Secretary of Defense (Jack Mulhall) leads the meeting; he explains all that is known about the Arctic disasters and then describes the high-tech capabilities of Tigershark. These include a special hull and a mini-sub (Lungfish) that can be stored inside the submarine. The Secretary finishes by telling Wendover that he is to take Hunt, Tigershark, and her crew to resolve the ship sinkings and, if possible, eliminate their cause.
Lieutenant Commander Richard "Reef" Holloway (Arthur Franz), Tigershark's executive officer, learns that his bunk mate is to be Dr. Carl Neilson Jr. (Brett Halsey), a pacifistic scientist that he dislikes. A montage then follows, spotlighting the day-to-day life aboard Tigershark, which eventually discovers the cause of the disasters: an underwater saucer-shaped craft with a sole light atop its upper dome. One of Tigershark's scientists, Dr. Clifford Kent (Victor Varconi), briefly shows a photo of an Unidentified Flying Object, pointing out its similarity to this underwater UFO. The submariners began to realize that their quarry is extraterrestrial. The crew nickname the saucer "Cyclops" because of its single light.
Commander Wendover orders the submarine's most powerful torpedoes fired. They reach the saucer but do not explode, being stopped by a gel-like extrusion coming from within the UFO. The captain orders Tigershark to ram the alien saucer. The submarine's bow tip breaks through its lower side and becomes trapped.
Dr. Neilson pilots Lungfish, taking Lt. Commander Holloway and a small party to board the UFO. Holloway has the boarding party cut free the bow with blow-torches. Meanwhile, he explores the saucer's dark hallways after receiving telepathic messages from its sole occupant, an octopus-like creature with a single, very large eye. The alien kills all the boarding party except Holloway. The creature explains that, unlike humanity, what they create is made of living tissue. The saucer is a living creature and (as Holloway understands) is healing. The creature announces that it plans on bringing Holloway and several other specimens back to its home planet for further study. The aliens' plan to modify themselves, based on what they learn about the human specimens. Once finished, they will return to colonize Earth.
Holloway attacks by firing a Very pistol into the alien's single eye, temporarily blinding it. While the eye rapidly heals, Holloway races back to Lungfish and returns to the Tigershark. When Dr. Neilson asks about the remainder of their boarding party, Holloway says, "Fortunes of war".
The now healed saucer sails to the North Pole to recharge its energy in preparation for leaving. Holloway tells Wendover, "Captain, if that thing ever gets back to where it came from, the Earth and everyone on it is doomed".
The submariners hold an emergency meeting of Tigershark's on-board scientists, and they develop a plan to adapt a torpedo's guidance system to convert it into a guided water-to-air missile. When the saucer rises from the ocean, Tigershark fires the missile, destroying the UFO. Holloway and the young Neilson are reconciled, with the latter realizing that his pacifism was no match for a hostile alien.
- Arthur Franz as Lieutenant Commander Richard 'Reef' Holloway
- Dick Foran as Commander Dan Wendover
- Brett Halsey as Dr. Carl Neilson
- Paul Dubov as Lieutenant David Milburn
- Bob Steele as CPO 'Grif' Griffin
- Victor Varconi as Dr. Clifford Kent
- Joi Lansing as Julie
- Selmer Jackson as Admiral Terhune
- Jack Mulhall as Secretary of Defense Justin Murdock
- Jean Moorhead as Helen Milburn
- Richard Tyler as Seaman Don Carney
- Sid Melton as Yeoman Chester Tuttle
- Kenneth Becker as Seaman Al Powell
- Frank Watkins as Watkins
- Tom Conway as Sir Ian Hunt
- John Hilliard as Voice of Spaceman
- Pat Michaels as Narrator
A stock footage opening prologue describes how explorer Robert Peary had trouble reaching the North Pole in 1909 and speculates on how Peary would have been amazed to see in just a few decades later how this Arctic region had become a major thoroughfare for civilian and military shipping; a futuristic prediction of cargo-carrying atomic submarines follows.
Producer Alex Gordon wanted to hire veteran actors Frank Lackteen and Edmund Cobb to play passers-by. The studio objected to the $100 salary for each, contending that they were functioning as extras and were only entitled to $20. Wanting these old-timers to get a day's pay, Gordon paid them out of his own pocket. The Atomic Submarine was the last feature film for actors Victor Varconi and Jack Mulhall.
Producer Gordon and interviewer Tom Weaver talk about the making of The Atomic Submarine on the audio commentary of the Criterion DVD, available as part of the 2007 set "Monsters and Madmen." The "Atomic Submarine" script is included in the 2018 book "Scripts from the Crypt: 'The Atomic Submarine'" by Tom Weaver, David Schecter, Dr. Robert J. Kiss, Richard Heft, Karen Latham Everson and Scott Gallinghouse. The book also features an introduction by "Atomic Submarine" star Brett Halsey.
Film historian Paul Meehan considered The Atomic Submarine as "something of a departure from the usual saucer movie formula". Reviewer David Blakeslee, in a later assessment, commented that "once you get past the wooden acting, creaky scripts, stilted narration, corny humor, low-budget props and sheer implausibility of The Atomic Submarine's story line, you'll find themes and ideas worth pondering a bit longer than it takes to laugh away at the non-stop unraveling of sci-fi B-movie conventions". Chief among the unusual elements is "a headier-than-expected socio-political debate between a young principled pacifist and the career military man and WWII veteran sub captain over the merits of war and peace".
Two later science fiction films also "starred" nuclear submarines: the USOS Seaview in Irwin Allen's Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea (1961) and the submarine Atragon in the Japanese film Atragon (1963). In all three films a high-tech nuclear submarine of the near-future travels to the deepest part of the ocean in order to save the Earth from destruction.
Actor Arthur Franz, who played Lieutenant Commander Holloway in The Atomic Submarine, guest starred five years later on an episode of Irwin Allen's 1964 submarine TV series Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea.
- "Original print information: The Atomic Submarine." Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved: January 11, 2015.
- Blakeslee, David. " 'The Atomic Submarine' (1959) - #366." Criterion Reflections, June 30, 2011.
- Meehan 1998, p. 94.
- Meehan, Paul. Saucer Movies: A UFOlogical History of the Cinema. Lanham, Maryland: The Scarecrow Press, 1998. ISBN 0-8108-3573-8.
- Warren, Bill. Keep Watching the Skies: American Science Fiction Films of the Fifties, 21st Century Edition. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, 2009, (First Edition 1982). ISBN 0-89950-032-3.
- Wingrove, David. Science Fiction Film Source Book. London: Longman Group Limited, 1985. ISBN 978-0-58289-239-2.