The Age of Innocence (1993 film)

The Age of Innocence is a 1993 American historical romantic drama film directed by Martin Scorsese. The screenplay, an adaptation of the 1920 novel The Age of Innocence by Edith Wharton, was written by Scorsese and Jay Cocks. The film stars Daniel Day-Lewis, Michelle Pfeiffer, Winona Ryder and Miriam Margolyes, and was released by Columbia Pictures. The film recounts the courtship and marriage of Newland Archer (Day-Lewis), a wealthy New York society attorney, to May Welland (Ryder); Archer then encounters and legally represents the Countess Olenska (Pfeiffer) prior to unexpected romantic entanglements.

The Age of Innocence
Theatrical release poster
Directed byMartin Scorsese
Produced byBarbara De Fina
Screenplay by
Based onThe Age of Innocence
by Edith Wharton
Narrated byJoanne Woodward
Music byElmer Bernstein
CinematographyMichael Ballhaus
Edited byThelma Schoonmaker
Distributed byColumbia Pictures
Release date
  • September 17, 1993 (1993-09-17)
Running time
139 minutes
CountryUnited States
Budget$34 million[1]
Box office$32.3 million (US)[1]

The Age of Innocence was released theatrically on September 17, 1993 by Columbia Pictures. It received critical acclaim, winning the Academy Award for Best Costume Design, and being nominated for Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Winona Ryder), Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Original Score and Best Art Direction.[2] However, it was a box office failure, grossing $32.3 million against a $34 million budget. Scorsese dedicated the film to his father, Luciano Charles Scorsese, who had died the month before the film was released. Luciano and his wife, Catherine Scorsese, had a small cameo appearance in the film.


In 1870s New York City, gentleman lawyer Newland Archer is planning to marry the respectable young May Welland. May's cousin, the American heiress Countess Ellen Olenska, has returned to New York after a disastrous marriage to a dissolute Polish Count. At first she is ostracized by society and vicious rumors are spread, but, as May's family boldly stands by the Countess, she is gradually accepted by the very finest of New York's old families.

The Countess was snubbed at one social party arranged by her family, though with the help of Archer is able to make a comeback at an event being hosted by the wealthy Van der Luyden's. There she makes the acquaintance of one of New York's established financiers, Julius Beaufort, who has a reputation for risky affairs and dissipated habits. He begins to openly flirt with the Countess both in public and in private. Archer prematurely announces his engagement to May, but as he comes to know the Countess, he begins to appreciate her unconventional views on New York society and he becomes increasingly disillusioned with his new fiancée May and her innocence, lack of personal opinion, and sense of self.

After the Countess announces her intention of divorcing her husband, Archer supports her desire for freedom, but he feels compelled to act on behalf of the family and persuade the Countess to remain married. When Archer realizes that he has unwittingly been falling in love with the Countess, he abruptly leaves the next day to be reunited with May and her parents, who are in Florida on vacation. Archer asks May to shorten their engagement, but May becomes suspicious and asks him if his hurry to get married is prompted by the fear that he is marrying the wrong person. Archer reassures May that he is in love with her. When back in New York, Archer calls on the Countess and admits that he is in love with her, but a telegram arrives from May announcing that her parents have pushed forward the wedding date.

After their wedding and honeymoon, Archer and May settle down to married life in New York. Over time, Archer's memory of the Countess fades. When the Countess returns to New York to care for her grandmother, she and Archer agree to consummate their affair. But then suddenly, the Countess announces her intention to return to Europe. May throws a farewell party for the Countess, and after the guests leave, May announces to Archer that she is pregnant and that she told Ellen her news two weeks earlier.

The years pass: Archer is 57 and has been a dutiful, loving father and faithful husband. The Archers have had three children. May had previously died of infectious pneumonia and Archer had mourned her in earnest. Archer's engaged son, Ted, persuades him to travel to France. There, Ted has arranged to visit the Countess Olenska at her Paris apartment. Archer has not seen the countess in over 25 years. Ted confides to his father May's deathbed confession that "... she knew we were safe with you, and always would be. Because once, when she asked you to, you gave up the thing you wanted most." Archer responds, "She never asked me." That evening outside the Countess' apartment, Archer sends his son alone to visit her. While sitting outside the apartment, he recollects their time together and eventually gets up and departs.


Cameo appearances

Scorsese's parents, the actors Charles and Catherine Scorsese, have a small cameo appearance during the sequence in which Archer meets the Countess at the Pennsylvania Terminus in Jersey City.[3] Scorsese himself has a cameo as the "fussy bustling photographer who later takes the official wedding photographs",[4] while Day-Lewis' sister, Tamasin Day-Lewis, has a cameo admiring May's engagement ring.[4]


A room in the Paine Mansion—which is now a fraternity house belonging to the Alpha Tau chapter of Pi Kappa Phi at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute—staged as the dining room for the film.
The Moorish Room, staged as a dining room
The mansion's dining room staged as a bedroom

The Age of Innocence was filmed on location primarily in Troy, New York.[5] The opera scenes were filmed at the Philadelphia Academy of Music in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The scenes set in the home of Mrs. Mingott were filmed in "The Castle", a fraternity house belonging to the Alpha Tau chapter of Pi Kappa Phi at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Formerly known as the Paine Mansion, after its completion in 1896 (then-estimated to cost $500,000), it was heralded as the grandest house in all of Troy.[6][7] The scenes depicting the country house in snow were filmed inside the circa 1737 Dutch-colonial Luykas Van Alen House, in Kinderhook, New York.[5] Only one major set was built, for an ornate ballroom sequence at the Beaufort residence.[8] The triangular Victorian Gothic Rice Building was used as the setting for the law office.[9]

The film's title sequence was created by Elaine and Saul Bass. The famous paintings featured in the film were newly created high-quality reproductions.[10] The bursts of color employed as a fade out were inspired by the films Black Narcissus (1947), by Michael Powell, and Rear Window (1954), by Alfred Hitchcock.[11]


Box office

The film grossed $32.3 million in the US from a $34 million budget.[1]

Critical response

On review-aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 83% based on 52 reviews, and an average rating of 7.4/10.[12] On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 90 out of 100, based on 35 critics, indicating "universal acclaim".[13]

Vincent Canby in The New York Times wrote:

Roger Ebert in the Chicago Sun-Times wrote:

He then added the film to his "Great Movies" collection, and defined the film as "one of Scorsese's greatest films".[16]

Peter Travers in Rolling Stone wrote:

Desson Howe in the Washington Post wrote:

Todd McCarthy in Variety wrote:

Rita Kempley, also in the Washington Post, wrote:

Time Out wrote:

But not all the critics had positive remarks. Marc Savlov in the Austin Chronicle wrote:


At the Academy Awards, The Age of Innocence won the Academy Award for Best Costume Design (Gabriella Pescucci), and was nominated for the awards for Best Supporting Actress (Winona Ryder), Best Adapted Screenplay (Jay Cocks, Martin Scorsese), Best Original Score (Elmer Bernstein) and Best Art Direction (Dante Ferretti, Robert J. Franco). Day-Lewis was ineligible for Oscar consideration, as he was nominated for Best Actor for his performance in In the Name of the Father.[2]

At the Golden Globe Awards, The Age of Innocence won the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture (Winona Ryder), and was nominated for the awards for Best Motion Picture – Drama, Best Director – Motion Picture (Martin Scorsese) and Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama (Michelle Pfeiffer).

At the British Academy Film Awards (BAFTAs), The Age of Innocence won the BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Miriam Margolyes). The film received another nomination in this category, for Winona Ryder, and was also nominated for the awards for Best Cinematography (Michael Ballhaus) and Best Production Design (Dante Ferretti).

In addition to her Academy Award and BAFTA Award nominations and Golden Globe Award win, Winona Ryder won the National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actress and the Southeastern Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress.

In addition to his Academy Award and Golden Globe Award nominations, Martin Scorsese won the National Board of Review Award for Best Director and the Elvira Notari Prize at the Venice Film Festival (shared with Michelle Pfeiffer), as well as a nomination for the Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing - Feature Film.

Elmer Bernstein was nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Composition Written for a Motion Picture or Television.[23]

Awarding Body Award Nominee Result
Academy Awards Best Supporting Actress Winona Ryder Nominated
Best Adapted Screenplay Jay Cocks, Martin Scorsese Nominated
Best Original Score Elmer Bernstein Nominated
Best Art Direction Dante Ferretti, Robert J. Franco Nominated
Best Costume Design Gabriella Pescucci Won
British Academy Film Awards Best Actress in a Supporting Role Miriam Margolyes Won
Best Actress in a Supporting Role Winona Ryder Nominated
Best Cinematography Michael Ballhaus Nominated
Best Production Design Dante Ferretti Nominated
Directors Guild of America Awards Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures Martin Scorsese Nominated
Golden Globe Awards Best Motion Picture – Drama Nominated
Best Director – Motion Picture Martin Scorsese Nominated
Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama Michelle Pfeiffer Nominated
Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture Winona Ryder Won
Grammy Awards Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Composition Written for a Motion Picture or Television Elmer Bernstein Nominated
National Board of Review Best Director Martin Scorsese Won
Best Supporting Actress Winona Ryder Won
Southeastern Film Critics Association Southeastern Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress Winona Ryder Won
Venice Film Festival Elvira Notari Prize Martin Scorsese, Michelle Pfeiffer Won


The Age of Innocence
Film score by
ReleasedSeptember 14, 1993
RecordedJune 1993
The Hit Factory, New York City, New York
GenreFilm score
LabelEpic Soundtrax
ProducerElmer Bernstein, Emilie A. Bernstein
Elmer Bernstein chronology
Mad Dog and Glory
The Age of Innocence
The Good Son

The film score for The Age of Innocence was composed by Elmer Bernstein, who had previously collaborated with Scorsese on Cape Fear (1991).

The film starts with a duet scene of the opera "Faust" from Charles Gounod.


  1. Credited simply as "Domenica Scorsese", Cameron-Scorsese is director Martin Scorsese's daughter from his marriage to the writer Julia Cameron.


  1. "The Age of Innocence – Box Office Mojo". Retrieved July 15, 2014.
  2. "The 66th Academy Awards (1994) Nominees and Winners". Retrieved August 4, 2011.
  3. Grist, Leighton (2013). The Films of Martin Scorsese, 1978-99: Authorship and Context II. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 186. ISBN 9781137302045.
  4. Jackson, Laura (2013). Daniel Day-Lewis: The Biography. London: John Blake Publishing Ltd. p. 203. ISBN 9781857826050.
  5. Gray, Christopher (October 24, 1993). "FILM; Recreating 'The Age of Innocence' in Brick and Paint". The New York Times. Retrieved February 20, 2016.
  6. "This castle is... haunted". The Star and Lamp of Pi Kappa Phi. Pi Kappa Phi Fraternity (Winter 1984): Cover, 1. Retrieved March 4, 2014.
  7. "House Tour". Pi Kappa Phi: The Castle. Troy, New York: Alpha Tau chapter of Pi Kappa Phi. Archived from the original on November 30, 2012. Retrieved March 4, 2014.
  8. "Wide Angle / Closeup: Interview with Consultant Robin Standefer". 1994.
  9. "Filming In Troy – Troy, NY".
  10. Lewis, Jo Ann (October 31, 1993). "'The Age of Innocence' (PG)". The Washington Post.
  11. Smith, Gavin (1993). "Martin Scorsese interviewed by Gavin Smith". Film Comment.
  12. "Age of Innocence (1993)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  13. "The Age of Innocence Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  14. Canby, Vincent (September 17, 1993). "Review/Film: The Age of Innocence; Grand Passions and Good Manners". The New York Times.
  15. Ebert, Roger (September 17, 1993). "The Age of Innocence :: :: Reviews".
  16. Ebert, Roger (August 14, 2005). "The Age of Innocence Review". Chicago Sun-Times.
  17. Travers, Peter (September 16, 1993). "The Age of Innocence: Review". Rolling Stone.
  18. Howe, Desson (September 17, 1993). "'The Age of Innocence' (PG)". The Washington Post.
  19. McCarthy, Todd (August 31, 1993). "The Age of Innocence Review". Variety. Retrieved November 18, 2009.
  20. Kempley, Rita (September 17, 1993). "'The Age of Innocence' (PG)". The Washington Post.
  21. "The Age of Innocence Review – Film – Time Out London". Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved November 18, 2009.
  22. Savlov, Marc (September 24, 1993). "Film Listings". Austin Chronicle.
  23. "Film Composer Elmer Bernstein Dies". Billboard. August 19, 2004. Retrieved February 20, 2016.
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