Thanh Hóa Province

Thanh Hóa (Vietnamese: [tʰajŋ̟ hwǎː] (listen)) is a province in the North Central Coast region of Vietnam. This is a relatively large province, which ranks as fifth in area and as third in population among 63 central administrative subdivisions. Its capital and largest city is Thanh Hóa City . The province is widely called Xứ Thanh which means Thanh Hóa land in Vietnamese.

Thanh Hóa Province

Tỉnh Thanh Hóa
Location of Thanh Hóa within Vietnam
Coordinates: 20°0′N 105°30′E
Country Vietnam
RegionNorth Central Coast
Capital (and Largest city)Thanh Hóa
  People's Council ChairTrịnh Văn Chiến
  People's Committee ChairNguyễn Đình Xứng
  Total11,129.5 km2 (4,297.1 sq mi)
  Density330/km2 (850/sq mi)
  EthnicitiesVietnamese, Mường, Thai, Thổ, Dao, and H'Mông
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Area codes237
ISO 3166 codeVN-21

Human civilization has existed in Thanh Hóa for about 6,000 years ago, as one of the earliest destinations of the ancient Vietnamese. Archaeological excavations have revealed that the first culture presented was the Đa Bút Culture, a culture located along the Sông Đáy river and the Sông Mã river.

Thanh Hóa is located in the middle of North Vietnam and North Central Coast as a transition at many aspects: geology, climate, administrative division and local culture. Thus, these factors show that Xứ Thanh is a province with many particular local habits and customs and cultures.

Thanh Hóa has two provincial city, one district-level towns and 24 rural districts with area of 11,133.4 km2 and population of approximate 3.6 million. Sầm Sơn city is a famous seaside resort situated 16  km from the Thanh Hóa city centre. Whilst, Bỉm Sơn township is a large industrial centre especially cement. Nghi Sơn is a promising Economic zone, expected to be central of Thanh Hoa's Industrial with large Refinery Factory, Deepwater Seaport and many project in progress. The province is also home of many ethnic groups, in which the most seven ethnicities are Kinh, Mường, Thái, H'Mông, Dao, Thổ, Khơ-mú.


Geographic position

The coordinate was accurately measured as 19°18'N - 20°40'N (from the southernmost point to northernmost point), 104°22'E - 106°05'E (from the westernmost point to easternmost point). It borders the following provinces: Sơn La, Hòa Bình, Ninh Bình, Nghệ An, it also neighbors Houaphanh province for 192 km boundary line furthermore.

Administrative divisions

Thanh Hóa is subdivided into 27 district-level sub-divisions:

  • 24 rural districts:
  • 1 district-level towns:

They are further subdivided into 28 commune-level towns (or townlets), 579 communes, and 30 wards.


The province's name derives from Sino-Vietnamese .


  1. , Thanh Hoa Overview
  2. , Result from Vietnam's 2019 population and housing census

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