Théâtre des Variétés
The théâtre des Variétés, c. 1820
|Address||7, boulevard Montmartre, 2nd.|
It owes its creation to the theatre director Mademoiselle Montansier (Marguerite Brunet). Imprisoned for debt in 1803 and frowned upon by the government, a decree of 1806 ordered her company to leave the Théâtre du Palais-Royal which then bore the name of "Variétés". The decree's aim was to move out Montansier's troupe to make room for the company from the neighbouring Théâtre-Français, which had stayed empty even as the Variétés-Montansier had enjoyed immense public favour. Strongly unhappy about having to leave the theatre by 1 January 1807, the 77-year-old Montansier gained an audience with Napoleon himself and received his help and protection. She thus reunited the "Société des Cinq", which directed her troupe, in order to found a new theatre, the one which stands at the side of the passage des Panoramas. It was inaugurated on 24 June 1807. The theatre plays a prominent role in Émile Zola's 1880 novel, Nana, as it is the theatre in which the title character achieves celebrity in the opening chapters.
Premieres at the theatre
- 1864: La belle Hélène, opéra bouffe by Jacques Offenbach, libretto by Meilhac and Halévy
- 1867: La Grande-Duchesse de Gérolstein, opéra bouffe by Jacques Offenbach, libretto by Meilhac and Halévy
- 1868: La Périchole, opéra bouffe by Jacques Offenbach, libretto by Meilhac and Halévy
- 1869: Les brigands, opéra bouffe by Jacques Offenbach, libretto by Meilhac and Halévy
- 1883: Mam'zelle Nitouche, vaudeville-operette by Hervé
- 1907: L'Enfant prodigue, the first feature-length European film, directed by Michel Carré, fils.
- 1923: Ciboulette, operetta by Reynaldo Hahn, libretto by Robert de Flers and Francis de Croisset
- 1946: César by Marcel Pagnol, after his film of the same name.
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