Texas State Highway 105

State Highway 105, or SH 105, is a state highway in the U.S. state of Texas that runs from Brenham to the outskirts of Beaumont. The route was originally proposed in 1925 and took its current routing in 1984.

State Highway 105
Route information
Maintained by TxDOT
Length150.4 mi[1] (242.0 km)
Existed1925–present
Major junctions
West end
Bus. US 290 at Brenham
  SH 6 in Navasota
I-45 in Conroe

Future I-69 / US 59 in Cleveland
East end US 69 / US 96 / US 287 at Beaumont
Location
CountiesWashington, Brazos, Grimes, Montgomery, San Jacinto, Liberty, Hardin, Jefferson
Highway system
SH 104SH 106

Route description

SH 105 begins as a pair of one-way roads at an intersection with Business U.S. Route 290 in downtown Brenham. It then progresses northeast out of Brenham through mainly farming lands. It passes near Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texas, which is the birthplace of Texas as the location of the signing of the Texas Declaration of Independence. It then crosses the Brazos River before passing through Navasota. The route briefly joins SH 6 before proceeding east again. It passes near Lake Conroe before entering the city of Conroe and an intersection with Interstate 45. The route continues east, passing through the very southern edge of Sam Houston National Forest before reaching Cleveland and an intersection with Interstate 69/U.S. Route 59. The route continues east out of Cleveland, briefly coinciding with SH 321, passing through a large section of East Texas Piney Woods, before reaching its eastern terminus at U.S. Routes 69, 96, and 287 on the far northern edge of Beaumont.

Route history

The highway was originally proposed on June 8, 1925 from Brenham east through Navasota and Conroe to Cleveland, roughly paralleling a local railroad line.[2] By 1926, the section from Brenham to Navasota was transferred to SH 90. On April 6, 1932, a proposed extension east to Moss Hill was designated.[3] On July 12, 1933, a new section of SH 105 was under construction, being built westward from Beaumont to Moss Hill, replacing SH 133.[4] On March 19, 1935, it was shifted north through Rye.[5] On July 15, 1935, all of SH 105 east of Cleveland was cancelled.[6] On February 11, 1937, the section from Moss Hill to Beaumont was restored (but not Cleveland to Rye, so a gap was created).[7] On February 25, 1937, SH 105 Loop was designated through Conroe.[8] On March 18, 1947, the section from Cleveland to Rye was restored, closing the gap. Construction was sporadic, with the section between Conroe and Beaumont not completed until the 1960s. On March 26, 1962, the section of SH 105 from Moss Hill and on a line equidistant between Batson and Saratoga to FM 770 was cancelled. On February 28, 1973, the section of SH 90 from Navasota to Brenham was transferred back to SH 105. The current route was set on December 21, 1984 with the highway replacing FM 162 and shortening the route from Cleveland to Beaumont. The old route became part of FM 787. One portion of FM 162 was originally designated as FM 1935. On August 25, 2005, a new routing around Cleveland was approved for construction, while the section through Cleveland was to be designated as a business route of 105: 105-T. Construction has been completed.

Business routes

SH 105 has one business route.

Business State Highway 105-T is a Business Loop that runs on the former routing of SH 105 through Cleveland in southeast Texas. The road was designated in 2005, in preparation of the bypass routing of the main highway south of Cleveland.[9]

Major intersections

CountyLocationmi[10]kmDestinationsNotes
WashingtonBrenham0.00.0
Bus. US 290 (Market Street / East Main Street)
0.81.3 FM 577 (Blue Bell Road) to US 290 / SH 36
2.74.3 FM 50 north Independence, Brenham Airport
8.213.2 FM 2193 east
9.214.8 FM 390 west
13.822.2 FM 912 east Washington on the Brazos State Park
18.329.5 FM 1155 south Washington, Washington on the Brazos State Park
Brazos20.633.2 FM 159 north Millican
GrimesNavasota24.038.6 FM 379 south / Fifth Street / truck route Wallace Pack Unit
24.539.4
Bus. SH 6 (La Salle Street) College Station, Hempstead
25.641.2 SH 6 north / SH 90 north Anderson, Waco, College StationInterchange
27.143.6 SH 6 south / Spur 515 west (truck route) Houston, NavasotaInterchange
FM 362 south Camp Allen, Whitehall
FM 1748 south
FM 2445 north
Spur 234 south Stoneham
Plantersville FM 1774 Anderson, Magnolia, Fanthrop Inn State Park
MontgomeryDobbin FM 1486 Dacus, Magnolia
Montgomery FM 149 (The Montgomery Trace) Richards, Tomball
FM 2854 east / Lone Star Parkway
Conroe FM 3083 south (Carter Moore Drive) to I-45
Loop 336 Cleveland
I-45 Huntsville, HoustonI-45 exit 87A
SH 75 (North Frazier Street)
FM 1314 south Porter
FM 3083 Grangerland
Loop 336 to I-45 north Navasota
Cut and Shoot FM 1485 south New Caney
FM 1484 west Groceville
Liberty
Bus. SH 105 east Cleveland
at-grade intersection; west end of freeway

Future I-69 / US 59 Houston, Lufkin
I-69/US 59 exit 171; interchange; U.S. 59 is the future Interstate 69
FM 1010 Cleveland, Plum Groveinterchange
Cleveland
Bus. SH 105 west / SH 321 north Cleveland, Conroe
at-grade intersection; east end of freeway; west end of SH 321 overlap
SH 321 south DaytonEast end of SH 321 overlap
FM 2518 to FM 787 Romayor, Tarkington
Moss Hill SH 146 Rye, Hardin
HardinBatson FM 770 south HullWest end of FM 770 overlap
FM 770 north SaratogaEast end of FM 770 overlap
Sour Lake SH 326 Kountze, Nome
JeffersonBeaumont FM 364 (Major Drive) to US 90
US 69 / US 96 / US 287 Lumberton, Port ArthurInterchange
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References

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