Texas House of Representatives

The Texas House of Representatives (Spanish: Cámara de Representantes de Texas) is the lower house of the bicameral Texas Legislature. It consists of 150 members who are elected from single-member districts for two-year terms. As of the 2010 Census, each member represents about 167,637 people. There are no term limits, with the most senior member, Tom Craddick, having been elected in 1968.

Texas House of Representatives
Texas State Legislature
Type
Type
Term limits
None
History
New session started
January 8, 2019
Leadership
Dennis Bonnen (R)
since January 8, 2019
Speaker pro Tempore
Joe Moody (D)
since January 23, 2019
Structure
Seats150
Political groups
Majority (83)

Minority (67)

Length of term
2 years
AuthorityArticle 3, Texas Constitution
Salary$7,200/year + per diem
Elections
First-past-the-post
Last election
November 6, 2018
(150 seats)
Next election
November 3, 2020
(150 seats)
RedistrictingLegislative control
Meeting place
House of Representatives Chamber
Texas State Capitol
Austin, Texas
Website
Texas House of Representatives

The House meets at the State Capitol in Austin.

Leadership

PositionNamePartyResidenceDistrict
Speaker of the HouseDennis BonnenRepublicanAngleton25
Speaker Pro TemporeJoe MoodyDemocraticEl Paso78
Republican Caucus ChairStephanie KlickRepublicanFort Worth91
Democratic Caucus ChairChris TurnerDemocraticGrand Prairie101

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer and highest-ranking member of the House. The Speaker's duties include maintaining order within the House, recognizing members during debate, ruling on procedural matters, appointing members to the various committees and sending bills for committee review. The Speaker pro tempore is primarily a ceremonial position, but does, by long-standing tradition, preside over the House during its consideration of local and consent bills.

Unlike other state legislatures, the House rules do not formally recognize majority or minority leaders. The unofficial leaders are the Republican Caucus Chairman and the Democratic House Leader, both of whom are elected by their respective caucuses.

Composition

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democrat Ind Vacant
End 2010 75 73 0 148 2
Begin 2011 101 49 0 150 0
End 2012 48 149 1
Begin 2013 95 55 0 150 0
End 2014
Begin 2015 98 52 0 150 0
End 2016 99 50 1
Begin 2017 95 55 0 150 0
End 2018 94 56 0 150 0
Begin 2019 83 67 0 150 0
Latest voting share 55.3% 44.7%

List of members

District Representative Party Residence First elected County(ies) represented
1Gary VanDeaverRNew Boston2014Bowie, Franklin, Lamar, Red River
2Dan FlynnRCanton2003Hopkins, Hunt, Van Zandt
3Cecil Bell Jr.RMagnolia2012Montgomery (part), Waller
4Keith BellRForney2018Henderson (part), Kaufman
5Cole HefnerRMount Pleasent2016Camp, Morris, Rains, Smith (part), Titus, Wood
6Matt SchaeferRTyler2012Smith (part)
7Jay DeanRLongview2016Gregg, Upshur
8Cody HarrisRCorsicana2018Anderson, Freestone, Hill, Navarro
9Chris PaddieRMarshall2012Cass, Harrison, Marion, Panola, Sabine, Shelby
10John WrayRWaxahachie2014Ellis, Henderson (part)
11Travis ClardyRJacksonville2012Cherokee, Nacogdoches, Rusk
12Kyle KacalRHillister2012Brazos (part), Falls, Limestone, McLennan (part), Robertson
13Ben LemanRAnderson2018†Austin, Burleson, Colorado, Fayette, Grimes, Lavaca, Washington
14John RaneyRBryan2010Brazos (part)
15Steve TothRThe Woodlands2018Montgomery (part)
16Will MetcalfRConroe2014
17John CyrierRLockhart2014Bastrop, Caldwell, Gonzales, Karnes, Lee
18Ernest BailesRDayton2016Liberty, San Jacinto, Walker
19James WhiteRWoodville2010Hardin, Jasper, Newton, Polk, Tyler
20Terry WilsonRGeorgetown2016Burnet, Milam, Williamson (part)
21Dade PhelanRBeaumont2014Jefferson (part), Orange
22Joe DeshotelDPort Arthur1998Jefferson (part)
23Mayes MiddletonRGalveston2018Chambers, Galveston (part)
24Greg BonnenRFriendswood2012Galveston(part)
25Dennis BonnenRAngleton1996Brazoria (part), Matagorda
26Rick MillerRSugar Land2012Fort Bend (part)
27Ron ReynoldsDMissouri City2010
28Vacant
29Ed ThompsonRPearland2012Brazoria (part)
30Geanie MorrisonRVictoria1998Aransas, Calhoun, DeWitt, Goliad, Refugio, Victoria
31Ryan GuillenDRio Grande City2002Atascosa, Brooks, Duval, Jim Hogg, Kenedy, La Salle, Live Oak, McMullen, Starr, Willacy
32Todd Ames HunterRPortland2008
(1989-1997)
Nueces (part)
33Justin HollandRRockwall2016Collin (part), Rockwall
34Abel HerreroDCorpus Christi2012Nueces (part)
35Oscar LongoriaDBeeville2012Cameron (part) Hidalgo (part)
36Sergio Muñoz Jr.DMission2010Hidalgo (part)
37Alex DominguezDBrownsville2018Cameron (part)
38Eddie Lucio IIIDSan Benito2006
39Armando MartinezDWeslaco2004Hidalgo (part)
40Terry CanalesDEdinburg2012
41Robert GuerraDMcAllen2012†
42Richard RaymondDLaredo2001†
(1993-1999)
Webb (part)
43J. M. LozanoR[1]Kingsville2010Bee, Jim Wells, Kleberg, San Patricio
44John KuempelRSeguin2010†Guadalupe, Wilson
45Erin ZwienerDDriftwood2018Blanco, Hays counties
46Sheryl ColeDAustin2018Travis (part)
47Vikki GoodwinDAustin2018
48Donna HowardDAustin2006†
49Gina HinojosaDAustin2016
50Celia IsraelDAustin2014†
51Eddie RodriguezDAustin2002
52James TalaricoDRound Rock2018†Williamson (part)
53Andrew MurrRKimble County2014Bandera, Crockett, Edwards, Kerr, Kimble, Llano, Mason, Medina, Menard, Real, Schleicher, Sutton
54Brad BuckleyRKilleen2018Bell (part), Lampasas
55Hugh ShineRBelton2016Bell (part)
56Charles AndersonRWaco2004McLennan (part)
57Trent AshbyRLufkin2012Angelina, Houston, Leon, Madison, San Augustine, Trinity
58DeWayne BurnsRCleburne2014Bosque, Johnson
59J.D. SheffieldRGatesville2012Comanche, Coryell, Erath, Hamilton, McCulloch, Mills, San Saba, and Somervell
60Mike LangREastland2016Brown, Callahan, Coleman, Eastland, Hood, Palo Pinto, Shackelford, Stephens
61Phil KingRWeatherford1998Parker, Wise
62Reggie SmithRVan Alstyne2018†Delta, Grayson, Fannin
63Tan ParkerRFlower Mound2006Denton (part)
64Lynn StuckyRSanger2016
65Michelle BeckleyDCarrollton2018
66Matt ShaheenRPlano2014Collin (part)
67Jeff LeachRPlano2012
68Drew Springer Jr.RVernon2012Childress, Collingsworth, Cooke, Cottle, Crosby, Dickens, Fisher, Floyd, Garza, Hall, Hardeman, Haskell,
Jack, Kent, King, Montague, Motley, Stonewall, Throckmorton, Wheeler, Wilbarger, Young
69James FrankRWichita Falls2012Archer, Baylor, Clay, Foard, Knox, Wichita
70Scott SanfordRMcKinney2012Collin (part)
71Stan LambertRAbilene2016Jones, Nolan, Taylor
72Drew DarbyRSan Angelo2006Coke, Concho, Glasscock, Howard, Irion, Reagan, Runnels, Sterling, Tom Green
73Kyle BiedermannRFredericksburg2016Comal, Gillespie, Kendall
74Poncho NevárezDEagle Pass2012Brewster, Culberson, Hudspeth, Jeff Davis, Kinney, Loving, Maverick, Pecos, Presidio, Reeves, Terrell, Val Verde
75Mary GonzálezDEl Paso2012El Paso (part)
76Cesar BlancoDEl Paso2014
77Evelina OrtegaDEl Paso2016
78Joe MoodyDEl Paso2012
79Art FierroDEl Paso2019†
80Tracy KingDBatesville2005
(1995-2003)
Dimmit, Frio, Webb (part), Uvalde, Zapata, Zavala
81Brooks LandgrafROdessa2014Andrews, Ector, Ward, Winkler
82Tom CraddickRMidland1968Crane, Dawson, Martin, Midland, Upton
83Dustin BurrowsRLubbock2014Borden, Gaines, Lubbock (part), Lynn, Mitchell, Scurry, Terry
84John FrulloRLubbock2010†Lubbock (part)
85Phil StephensonRWharton2012Fort Bend (part), Jackson, Wharton
86John T. SmitheeRAmarillo1984Dallam, Deaf Smith, Hartley, Oldham, Parmer, Randall
87Four PriceRAmarillo2010Carson, Hutchinson, Moore, Potter, Sherman
88Ken KingRPampa2012Armstrong, Bailey, Briscoe, Castro, Cochran, Donley, Gray, Hale, Hansford, Hemphill, Hockley,
Lamb, Lipscomb, Ochiltree, Roberts, Swisher, Yoakum
89Candy NobleRAllen2018Collin (part)
90Ramon Romero Jr.DFort Worth2014Tarrant (part)
91Stephanie KlickRFort Worth2012
92Jonathan SticklandRBedford2012
93Matt KrauseRArlington2012
94Tony TinderholtRArlington2014
95Nicole CollierDFort Worth2012
96Bill ZedlerRArlington2002
97Craig GoldmanRFort Worth2012
98Giovanni CapriglioneRSouthlake2012
99Charlie GerenRRiver Oaks2000
100Vacant Dallas (part)
101Chris TurnerDGrand Prairie2012Tarrant (part)
102Ana-Maria RamosDDallas2018[2]Dallas (part)
103Rafael AnchiaDDallas2004
104Jessica GonzálezDDallas2018
105Terry MezaDIrving2018
106Jared PattersonRGrand Prairie2018Denton (part)
107Victoria NeaveDDallas2016Dallas (part)
108Morgan MeyerRDallas2014
109Carl ShermanDDe Soto2018
110Toni RoseDDallas2012
111Yvonne DavisDDallas1992
112Angie Chen ButtonRRichardson2008
113Rhetta BowersDGarland2018
114John TurnerDDallas2018
115Julie JohnsonDIrving2018
116Trey FischerDSan Antonio2018Bexar (part)
117Philip CortezDSan Antonio2016
118Leo PachecoDSan Antonio2016
119Roland GutierrezDSan Antonio2008†
120Barbara Gervin-HawkinsDSan Antonio2016
121Steve AllisonRSan Antonio2018
122Lyle LarsonRSan Antonio2010
123Diego BernalDSan Antonio2014†
124Ina Minjarez[3]DSan Antonio2015†
125Ray LopezDSan Antonio2019†
126Sam HarlessRSpring2018Harris (part)
127Dan HubertyRKingwood2010
128Briscoe CainRBaytown2016
129Dennis PaulRHouston2014
130Tom OliversonRHouston2016
131Alma AllenDHouston2004
132Gina CalanniDHouston2018
133Jim MurphyRHouston2010
134Sarah DavisRHouston2010
135Jon RosenthalDHouston2018
136John Bucy IIIDAustin2018Williamson (part)
137Gene WuDHouston2012Harris (part)
138Dwayne BohacRHouston2002
139Jarvis JohnsonDHouston2016†
140Armando WalleDHouston2008
141Senfronia ThompsonDHouston1972
142Harold Dutton Jr.DHouston1984
143Ana HernandezDHouston2005†
144Mary Ann PerezDHouston2016
145Christina MoralesDHouston2019†
146Shawn ThierryDHouston2016
147Garnet ColemanDHouston1991†
148Jessica Christina FarrarDHouston1994
149Hubert VoDHouston2004
150Valoree SwansonRHouston2016
†Representative was first elected in a special election.

Notable past members

Officials

Speaker of the House

The Speaker of the House of Representatives has duties as a presiding officer as well as administrative duties. As a presiding officer, the Speaker must enforce, apply, and interpret the rules of the House, call House members to order, lay business in order before the House and receive propositions made by members, refer proposed legislation to a committee, preserve order and decorum, recognize people in the gallery, state and hold votes on questions, vote as a member of the House, decide on all questions to order, appoint the Speaker Pro Tempore and Temporary Chair, adjourn the House in the event of an emergency, postpone reconvening in the event of an emergency, and sign all bills, joint resolutions, and concurrent resolutions. The administrative duties of the Speaker include having control over the Hall of the House, appointing chair, vice-chair, and members to each standing committee, appointing all conference committees, and directing committees to make interim studies.[5]

Chief Clerk

The Chief Clerk is the head of the Chief Clerk's Office which maintains a record of all authors who sign legislation, maintains and distributes membership information to current house members, and forwards copies of legislation to house committee chairs.[6] The Chief Clerk is the primary custodian of all legal documents within House. Additional duties include keeping a record of all progress on a document, attesting all warrants, writs, and subpoenas, receiving and filing all documents received by the house, and maintaining the electronic information and calendar for documents. When there is a considerable update of the electronic source website, the Chief Clerk is also responsible for noticing House members via email.[5]

Committees

  • Agriculture and Livestock
  • Appropriations[7]
    • Subcommittee on Articles I, IV & V
    • Subcommittee on Article II
    • Subcommittee on Article III
    • Subcommittee on Articles VI, VII & VIII
    • Subcommittee on Infrastructure, Resiliency & Invest
  • Business & Industry
  • Calendars
  • Corrections
  • County Affairs
  • Criminal Jurisprudence
  • Culture, Recreation & Tourism
  • Defense & Veterans' Affairs
  • Elections
  • Energy Resources
  • Environmental Regulation
  • General Investigating
  • Higher Education
  • Homeland Security & Public Safety
  • House Administration
  • Human Services
  • Insurance
  • International Relations & Economic Development
  • Judiciary & Civil Jurisprudence
  • Juvenile Justice & Family Issues
  • Land & Resource Management
  • Licensing & Administrative Procedures
  • Local & Consent Calendars
  • Natural Resources
  • Pensions, Investments & Financial Services
  • Public Education
  • Public Health
  • Redistricting
  • Resolutions Calendar
  • State Affairs
  • Transportation
  • Urban Affairs
  • Ways & Means

In addition to these committees, there are also six joint committees composed of members of both the State House and Senate:

  • Criminal Justice Legislative Oversight
  • Legislative Audit Board
  • Legislative Budget Board
  • Legislative Library Board
  • Sunset Advisory Commission
  • Texas Legislative Council

Notable controversies

House voting controversy

On May 14, 2007, CBS Austin affiliate KEYE reported on multiple voting by representatives during House floor sessions.[8] The report noted how representatives register votes for absent members on the House's automated voting machines. Each representative would vote for the nearest absent members (apparently regardless of party affiliation). This practice was in direct violation of a Rule of the House; however, no representative had ever been disciplined for the practice in the almost 70 years since the rule was adopted. Speaker Craddick, responsible for enforcement of House Rules, issued a statement that discipline for violations of the rule is left to the individual members.

Craddick removal controversy

Chaos erupted in the Texas House of Representatives on Friday, May 25, 2007, when Rep. Fred Hill, R-Richardson, attempted to offer a motion to remove Tom Craddick as Speaker and have the House elect a new speaker. Craddick (also a Republican) refused to allow him to make the motion.[9] The attempts to oust Craddick continued through the weekend as other Republicans made additional motions, which were also disallowed.

The last time a Texas House speaker was removed by a vote of his fellow members was in 1871, when the House adopted a resolution removing Speaker Ira Evans. The Republican House majority removed Evans because he was seen as cooperating too much with Democrats on an elections bill.[9] While Craddick's close allies say the 2007 attempt to remove Craddick was just an effort by Democrats to gain greater control of the legislature before the legislative and congressional redistricting process of 2011,[9] Cook said that the fight was about Craddick consolidating power with lobbyists and using campaign contributions to maintain control of the House: "This is about the convergence of money and power and influence."[9]

In January 2009, Craddick lost the Speaker's chair after a challenge from Joe Straus.

Cook committee hearing closure controversy (2013)

On June 20, 2013 Byron Cook served as chairman of the House State Affairs Committee hearing on Texas State House Bill 60. Cook's stance was for the passing of the bill and during the hearing he interrupted a testimony, saying "Some of us do (adopt children)." At 12:00 AM on June 21, Cook decided to close the hearing prematurely.[10] Cook's explanation for breaching Texas State Legislature operating procedures was that the testimonies being heard had become repetitive. Twenty-four minutes later, Cook became personally offended by a testimony, ordering the cameras to be shut off and leaving the room of committee members and witnesses. Approximately 20 minutes afterwards, Cook was persuaded by colleagues to resume the hearing and continued listening to testimonies until he prematurely closed the hearing at 1:30 AM.[11]

Past composition of the House of Representatives

See also

  • Thomas Caruthers
  • Killer Ds a group of Texas House Democrats who left the state of Texas in 2003 to prevent House consideration of the redistricting legislation that benefited Texas Republicans.
  • Texas Government Newsletter for long-time coverage of issues such as the Dirty Thirty, the Killer Bees, and Killer D's.

References

  1. Elected as a Democrat in 2010, Lozano switched parties in March 2012.
  2. https://ballotpedia.org/Ana-Maria_Ramos
  3. Gonzalez, John W. (April 21, 2015). "Minjarez captures Texas House District 124 - San Antonio Express-News". Mysanantonio.com. Retrieved February 25, 2016.
  4. Hispanic Americans in Congress, 1822-2012. U.S. Government Printing Office. 2013. p. 422. ISBN 016092068X.
  5. "Texas House Rules" (PDF). Texas House of Representatives. Retrieved March 1, 2016.
  6. "Service Providers". Guide to Texas Legislative Information. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved March 1, 2016.
  7. The biennial appropriations bill is divided into eight Articles: General Government (I), Health and Human Services (II), Agencies of Education (III), The Judiciary (IV), Public Safety and Criminal Justice (V), Natural Resources (VI), Business and Economic Development (VII), and Regulatory (VIII). See http://gov.texas.gov/budget for an example of a budget showing the Articles.
  8. CBS Channel 42 KeyeTV Investigates: One Lawmaker, Many Votes?, May 14, 2007, available at "https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eG6X-xtVask"; see also Wilson, Nanci, One Lawmaker, Many Votes?, May 14, 2007, available at "www.keyetv.com/topstories/local_story_134224129.html"
  9. R.G. Ratcliffe and Gary Scharrer. "The House struggles to move forward". Houston Chronicle, chron.com (May 27, 2007). Retrieved May 27, 2007.
  10. "Anti-Abortion Bills Back on the Table". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved February 25, 2016.
  11. "House panel quickly OKs 3 abortion bills". www.statesman.com. Retrieved February 25, 2016.


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