Temanggung Regency

Temanggung Regency (Indonesian: Kabupaten Temanggung) is a regency in the Central Java Province of Indonesia. Its capital is Temanggung.

Temanggung Regency

Kabupaten Temanggung
ꦏꦨꦸꦥꦠꦺꦤ꧀ꦠꦼꦩꦔ꧀ꦒꦸꦁ
Rice fields in Pringsurat, Temanggung Regency.

Seal
Location within Central Java
Temanggung Regency
Location in Java and Indonesia
Temanggung Regency
Temanggung Regency (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 7°18′S 110°10′E
CountryIndonesia
RegionJava
ProvinceCentral Java
Named forTemanggung Village
CapitalTemanggung
Government
  BodyLocal Government of Temanggung Regency
  RegentM Al Khadziq
Time zoneUTC+7 (IWST)
Area code(+62) 293
Vehicle registrationAA
Websitetemanggungkab.go.id

All travelers going to the Dieng temple complex from Yogya or Semarang have to pass this regency. Temanggung Regency is famous for longan, a small sweet fruit that is harvested in January and February.

Geography

Temanggung Regency is located on the volcanic Dieng Plateau with an average elevation between 500 and 1450 meters and it is landlocked. The volcanoes Mount Sundoro and Mount Sumbing arise on its border with the Wonosobo Regency. Its major drainage system is the Progo River and its tributaries.

Borders

It is bordered by:

Administrative districts

Temanggung Regency is divided into the following twenty districts (kecamatan).

  • Bansari
  • Bejen
  • Bulu
  • Candiroto
  • Gemawang
  • Jumo
  • Kaloran
  • Kandangan
  • Kedu
  • Kledung
  • Kranggan
  • Ngadirejo
  • Parakan
  • Pringsurat
  • Selopampang
  • Temanggung
  • Tembarak
  • Tlogomulyo
  • Tretep
  • Wonoboyo

Communities

The major towns of Temanggung Regency, aside from the capital of Temanggung, include Candiroto, Jumo, Kaloran, Kandangan, Kranggan, Muntung, Ngadirejo, Parakan, and Tretep.

History

After World War II, Temanggung Regency was one of the areas in central Java where the Communist Party (PKI) had its rural strongholds. In the 21st century Temanggung Regency provided a hideout for members of the Islamist Jemaah Islamiyah.[1]

Religion

The majority of the population of the Temanggung Regency is Muslim. It was once predominately Hindu for thousands of years. The oldest stone structure in Indonesia is found here; 4 temple of Shiva; one of the trinity of Hinduism. Though there were 400; only 4 remain.[2]

Economy

The big cash crop in the Temanggung Regency is tobacco.[3] Other cash crops include patchouli oil, honey and soy oil. The traditional herbal medicine, jamu, is the basis of a local industry as well as is the production of cigars. Silkworms are raised in the area around the town of Candiroto.

Transportation

There is a rail line from Parakan through the town of Temanggung south to Magelang and on to junction with the coastal rail lines,[4] however, it is currently closed by the government due to the operational costs.

Culture and tourism

  • Gondosuli Temple - A newly discovered temple located 13 km from the town of Temanggung.
  • Kledung - a scenic pass between Mount Sumbing (3371 M) and Mount Sundoro (3133 M), it is crossed at around 2340 M. Located 20 km from Temanggung, It is a site for relaxing and mountaineering.
  • Jumprit - a pool on the slope of Mount Sundoro, located 22 km from Temanggung. The water is cool and clean, and to some meditators considered as a holy place.
  • Pringapus Temple- located near Jumprit. It was built by Sanjaya kingdom.
  • Pakitan and Parakan - two small towns in the regency. Pakitan is situated between the hills, it has a cool climate.
  • Meteorit - located in Wonotirto subdistrict Bulu.
  • Mbelang Sari Hills - a hill which borders on three different areas, located in Mblawong
  • Water Fall Trocoh / Curug Trocoh - Located in Wonoboyo.

Notes

  1. Blomfield, Adrian (8 August 2009) "Police foil plot to kill Indonesian president after raid on top terror suspect" The Telegraph (UK)
  2. Staff (8 February 2011) "Indonesia: Angry Muslim crowd attacks Java churches" BBC News
  3. Hanusz, Mark (2000) Kretek: The culture and heritage of Indonesia's clove cigarettes Equinox Publishing, Jakarta, Indonesia, page 82, ISBN 979-95898-0-0
  4. "Indonesia 1:250,000 topographic map, Series T503, Jogjakarta SB49-14" US Army Mapping Service, October 1959

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