Telephone numbers in Russia

Telephone numbers in Russia are under a unified numbering plan with Kazakhstan, both of which share the international code +7. Historically, +7 was used as the country calling code for all of the Soviet Union. Following the Soviet break-up, all of its former republics, save for Russia and Kazakhstan, switched to new country codes. Following Abkhazia's secession from Georgia, Abkhazia switched to the Russian telephone codes +7 840 for landlines and +7 940 for mobile phones, though it still can be reached via the Georgian telephone code +995 44.[1] Following the annexation of Crimea by Russia in 2014, the Republic of Crimea switched to the Russian telephone codes +7 978 for mobile phones and +7 365 for landlines, while the city of Sevastopol switched to the codes +7 978 for mobile phones and +7 869 for landlines, since 7 May 2015.[nb 2][4]

Russia telephone numbers
Location of Russia
Location
CountryRussia
ContinentEurope
RegulatorMinistry of Telecom and Mass Communications of the Russian Federation
TypeClosed
NSN length10
Typical format(ABC) xxx-xx-xx
Numbering planRussian Federation National Numbering Plan (NNP)
Last updated2016
Access codes
Country calling code+7
International call prefix8~xx [nb 1] (where xx is the international carrier selection code)
Trunk prefix8

Russia uses a four-level (local, zone, country, international) open dialing plan. Local telecommunications regulators had planned to abandon this system and change to a closed dialing plan at all levels by 2009, but postponed the changeover until 2010,[5] later pushed once more until 2012[6] and finally approved for implementation in the period of 2020-2025.[7] Currently, all national subscriber numbers consist of 10 digits (excluding any prefixes), with 3 digits for an area code and a 7-digit individual number which includes a zone code (up to 2 digits).

Long distance and international prefixes

The international dialing prefix in Russia is "8~10"—callers dial "8", wait for a tone, and then dial "10", followed by the country code, area code, and number. The long distance prefix is "8~". There are plans to change those prefixes to "0" for national and "00" for international dialing,[8] to be implemented by 2020.

Placing long distance and international calls

When making long distance or international calls from a fixed line, a subscriber may choose either of two providers: Pre-Select or Hot-Choice. If a subscriber prefers Pre-Select, he calls a prescribed free number (8-800-333-0990 for MTT or 8-800-100-2525 RT) and signs up initially for service. He may also sign a statement at the phone company indicating his choice of provider. With this provider, the prefixes and dialing procedures for non-local calls are the ones currently in use. The default regulation in Moscow is Hot-Choice (not available yet on all exchanges; regional operators apply their own regulation depending on availability). Available operators are:

The dialing pattern for Hot-Choice subscribers is different. After dialing "8", the subscriber waits for a tone and then dials the operator code (OC) either for a long distance call or an international call.

OperatorLong distance call codeInternational call code
RT5510
MTT5358
GT5156
TTK5257
Orange5459
Arctel2126
Synterra2227
Comstar2328

Dialing pattern

Note: the tone signal after dialing "8" is compulsory on old analog exchanges and optional on digital exchanges.

Calls within a city or region

xxx-xx-xx (exception: Moscow—see below), e.g.:

  • 3-45-67
  • 22-33-44
  • 234-56-78

Local phone numbers in Russia may be made up of five (x-xx-xx), six (xx-xx-xx), or seven (xxx-xx-xx) digits.

Moscow City has three area codes assigned: 495, 498 and 499:

  • when calling from any zone to 499: 8 499 xxx-xx-xx
  • when calling from any zone to 498: 8 498 xxx-xx-xx
  • when calling from any zone to 495: 8 495 xxx-xx-xx

Calls between these codes are local calls and are not charged at long distance rates.

Calls between cities/regions within Russia

Pre-Selected Operator: 8-tone-ABC xxx-xx-xx (where ABC is the area code)

  • e.g. 8 812 234-56-78 (to St. Petersburg)

Hot-Choice Operator selection: 8-tone-OC ABC xxx-xx-xx (where OC is the Operator Code and ABC is the area code)

  • e.g. 8-53 812 234-56-78 (to St. Petersburg via MTT)

International calls from Russia

Pre-Selected Operator: 8-tone-10 International number

  • e.g. 8-10 44 20 7946-0123 (to London/UK)

Hot-Choice Operator selection: 8-tone-OC International number where OC is the Operator Code

  • e.g. 8-58 44 20 7946-0123 (to London/UK via MTT)

Calls from outside Russia

+7 ABC xxx-xx-xx
where ABC is the area code

Area codes

First digit of codeRouted to
0Not used (long distance and international prefix)
1Not used (for special services)
2Reserved (for common usage with Kazakhstan)
3Geographic codes
4Geographic codes
5Reserved
6Used for numbers in Kazakhstan[17]
7Used for numbers in Kazakhstan[17]
8Geographic codes, Toll-Free, and Pay-Line (for common usage with Kazakhstan and Abkhazia)
9Mobile, GSM, & Pay-Line (code 940 is for Abkhazia mobiles)

List of area codes in Russia

The dialing code 495 was introduced on 1 December 2005 to replace 095, in order to make it possible to adopt the ITU convention of 0 and 00 dialing prefixes for local and international dialing respectively. The old '095' dialing code, along with 19 other Russian area codes starting with '0', expired on 31 January 2006.[18]

RegionArea codeOld code (inactive)
Republic of Adygea877
Altai Krai387
Altai Republic388
Amur Oblast416
Arkhangelsk Oblast and Nenets Autonomous Okrug818
Astrakhan Oblast851
Republic of Bashkortostan347
Belgorod Oblast472072
Bryansk Oblast483083
Republic of Buryatia301
Vladimir Oblast492092
Volgograd Oblast844
Vologda Oblast813, 820
Voronezh Oblast473073
Republic of Dagestan872
Jewish Autonomous Oblast426
Sverdlovsk Oblast343
Ivanovo Oblast493093
Republic of Ingushetia873
Irkutsk Oblast395
Republic of Kabardino-Balkaria866
Kaliningrad Oblast401011
Republic of Kalmykia847
Kaluga Oblast484084
Kamchatka Krai415
Republic of Karachay–Cherkessia878
Republic of Karelia814
Kemerovo Oblast384
Kirov Oblast833
Komi Republic821
Kostroma Oblast494094
Krasnodar Krai861, 862
Krasnoyarsk Krai391
Kurgan Oblast352
Kursk Oblast471071
Leningrad Oblast813
Lipetsk Oblast474074
Magadan Oblast413
Republic of Mari El836
Republic of Mordovia834
Moscow City495, 499095
Moscow Oblast496, 498096
Murmansk Oblast815
Nizhny Novgorod Oblast831
Novgorod Oblast816
Novosibirsk Oblast383
Omsk Oblast381
Orenburg Oblast353
Oryol Oblast486086
Penza Oblast841
Perm Krai342
Primorsky Krai423
Pskov Oblast811
Rostov Oblast863
Ryazan Oblast491091
Samara Oblast846, 848
Saint Petersburg812
Saratov Oblast845
Sakhalin Oblast424
Republic of North Ossetia–Alania867
Smolensk Oblast481081
Stavropol Krai865, 879
Tambov Oblast475075
Republic of Tatarstan843, 855
Tver Oblast482082
Tomsk Oblast382
Tula Oblast487087
Republic of Tyva (Tuva)394
Tyumen Oblast345
Republic of Udmurtia341
Ulyanovsk Oblast842
Khabarovsk Krai421
Republic of Khakassia390
Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug346
Chelyabinsk Oblast351
Republic of Chechnya871
Zabaykalsky Krai302
Republic of Chuvashia835
Chukotka Autonomous Okrug427
Republic of Crimea365
Sakha Republic (Yakutia)411
Sevastopol869
Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug349
Yaroslavl Oblast485085

Toll-free & pay-line codes

CodeService
800FPH: Freephone
862FPH: Fixed
801AAB: Automatic alternative billing
802CCC: Credit card calling
803VOT: Televoting
804UAN: Universal access number
805PCC: Prepaid card calling
806ACC: Account card calling
807VPN: Virtual private network
808UPT: Universal personal Telecommunication
809PRM: Premium rate
881–899Reserved
970Data transfer services
971Telematic services

Special numbers (emergencies)

NumberServiceOld (active)
101Fire brigade01
102Police02
103Ambulance03
104Gas service04
112General emergency
107Directory assistance, Rostelecom07
109Directory assistance (free, limited info)09
009Directory assistance (pay service, 35 rubles/min.) in Moscow
100Talking clock in Moscow
115Information on electronic government services[19]

In a press conference in December 2013 Minister of Emergency Situations, Vladimir Puchkov said that the unified system runs in a full pilot mode from 2014 and will fully enter to operational mode in 2016.[20]

See also

Notes

  1. "~" means "wait for the next dial tone"
  2. The status of the Crimea and of the city of Sevastopol is currently under dispute between Russia and Ukraine; Ukraine and the majority of the international community consider the Crimea to be an autonomous republic of Ukraine and Sevastopol to be one of Ukraine's cities with special status, while Russia, on the other hand, considers the Crimea to be a federal subject of Russia and Sevastopol to be one of Russia's three federal cities.[2][3]

References

  1. Abkhazia remains available by Georgian phone codes, today.az, 2010-01-06, archived from the original on 2012-07-12, retrieved 2010-01-20
  2. Steve Gutterman; Pavel Polityuk (March 18, 2014). "Putin signs Crimea treaty, will not seize other Ukraine regions". Reuters. Archived from the original on July 9, 2014. Retrieved June 4, 2014.
  3. "Ukraine crisis timeline". BBC News. November 13, 2014. Archived from the original on June 4, 2014. Retrieved June 4, 2014.
  4. Crimea switches to Russian telephone codes Archived 2015-12-15 at the Wayback Machine, Interfax-Ukraine (7 May 2015)
  5. К 2010 г. Россия дойдет до нулей Archived 2011-07-16 at the Wayback Machine
  6. Выход по телефону на межгород через "8" сохранится до конца 2012 г. Archived 2011-07-24 at the Wayback Machine
  7. Latest edit of government regulation for Russian Telephone plan Archived 2017-12-01 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  8. Russian numbering plan Archived 2017-12-01 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian), approved on 25 April 2017
  9. Rostelekom Archived 2013-07-29 at the Wayback Machine
  10. Mezhregionalnyi TranzitTelekom Archived 2014-06-25 at the Wayback Machine
  11. Golden Telecom Archived 2008-09-25 at the Wayback Machine
  12. TransTelekom Archived 2003-07-21 at the Wayback Machine
  13. Orange Archived 2007-11-18 at the Wayback Machine
  14. Comstar
  15. "Arctel". arctel.ru. Archived from the original on 4 June 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  16. Synterra Archived 2010-11-30 at the Wayback Machine
  17. International Telecom Union - Kazakhstan - Administration of the Republic of Kazakhstan (PDF), 2012-11-13, archived (PDF) from the original on 2012-09-07, retrieved 2014-06-12
  18. "Москва лишилась кода "095"". lenta.ru. Archived from the original on 17 September 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  19. "Russia offers e-govt line over mobile networks". www.telecompaper.com. Archived from the original on 10 April 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  20. "Система единого вызова экстренных служб "112" полностью заработает в России в 2016 году — Пучков". Tass Telecom. Archived from the original on 28 December 2013. Retrieved 27 December 2013.
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