Teddington is an affluent riverside area of South West London, England. Historically in Middlesex, it has been part of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames since 1965. Teddington is on a long meander of the Thames between Hampton Wick and Strawberry Hill, Twickenham. Mostly residential, it stretches from the river to Bushy Park with a long high street of generally upmarket shops, restaurants and pubs. There is a suspension bridge over the lowest non-tidal lock on the Thames, Teddington Lock. At Teddington's centre is a mid-rise urban development, containing offices and apartments. Teddington and surrounding areas have some of the highest house prices in the UK outside of Central London.
Teddington Lock Bridge (west)
|Area||4.27 km2 (1.65 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,419/km2 (6,270/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference||TQ159708|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Teddington is bisected by an almost continuous road of shops, offices and other facilities running from the river to Bushy Park. There are two clusters of offices on this route; on the edge of Bushy Park the National Physical Laboratory, National Measurement Office and LGC form a scientific centre. Around Teddington station and the town centre are a number of offices in industries such as direct marketing and IT, which include Tearfund and BMT Limited. Several riverside businesses and houses were redeveloped in the last quarter of the 20th century as blocks of riverside flats. As of 2016 the riverside site of the former Teddington Studios is being developed to provide modern apartment blocks and other smaller houses.
The lowermost lock on the Thames, Teddington Lock, which is just within Ham's boundary, is accessible via the Teddington Lock Footbridges. In 2001 the Royal National Lifeboat Institution opened the Teddington Lifeboat Station, one of four Thames lifeboat stations, below the lock on the Teddington side. The station became operational in January 2002 and is the only volunteer station on the river.
The name "Teddington" comes from the name of an Old English tribal leader, Tuda. The place was known in Saxon and Norman times as Todyngton and Tutington.
There have been isolated findings of flint and bone tools from the Mesolithic and Neolithic periods in Bushy Park and some unauthenticated evidence of Roman occupation. However, the first permanent settlement in Teddington was probably in Saxon times. Teddington was not mentioned in Domesday Book as it was included under the Hampton entry.
Teddington Manor was first owned by Benedictine monks in Staines and it is believed they built a chapel dedicated to St. Mary on the same site as today's St. Mary's Church. In 971, a charter gave the land in Teddington to the Abbey of Westminster. By the 14th century Teddington had a population of 100–200; most of the land was owned by the Abbot of Westminster and the remainder was rented by tenants who had to work the fields a certain number of days a year.
The Hampton Court gardens were laid out in 1500 in preparation for the planned rebuilding of a 14th-century manor to form Hampton Court Palace in 1521 and were to serve as hunting grounds for Cardinal Wolsey and later Henry VIII and his family. In 1540 some common land of Teddington was enclosed to form Bushy Park and acted as more hunting grounds.
A large minority of the parish lay in largely communal open fields, restricted in the Middle Ages to certain villagers. These were inclosed (privatised) in two phases, in 1800 and 1818. Shortly afterwards, the future William IV of the United Kingdom lived there with his mistress Dorothy Jordan before acceding to the throne, and later with his Queen Consort, Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen. The facilities were later converted into the National Physical Laboratory.
In subsequent centuries, Teddington enjoyed a prosperous life due to the proximity of royalty, and by 1800 had grown significantly. But the "Little Ice Age" had made farming much less profitable and residents were forced to find other work. This change resulted in great economic change in the 19th century.
The first major event was the construction of Teddington Lock in 1811 with its weir across the river. This was the first (and now the biggest) of five locks built at the time by the City of London Corporation. In 1889 Teddington Lock Footbridge, consisting of a suspension bridge section and a girder bridge section, was completed, linking Teddington to Ham (then in Surrey, now in London). It was funded by local business and public subscription.
After the railway was built in 1863, easy travel to Twickenham, Richmond, Kingston and London was possible and Teddington experienced a population boom, rising from 1,183 in 1861 to 6,599 in 1881 and 14,037 in 1901.
Many roads and houses were built, continuing into the 20th century, forming the close-knit network of Victorian and Edwardian streets present today. In 1867, a local board was established and an urban district council in 1895.
In 1864 a group of Christians left the Anglican Church of St. Mary's (upset at its high church tendencies) and formed their own independent and Reformed, Protestant-style, congregation at Christ Church. Their original church building stood on what is now Church Road.
The Victorians attempted to build a massive church, St. Alban's, based on the Notre Dame de Paris; however, funds ran out and only the nave of what was to be the "Cathedral of the Thames Valley" was completed. In 1993 the temporary wall was replaced with a permanent one as part of a refurbishment that converted St Alban's Church into the Landmark Arts Centre, a venue for concerts and exhibitions.
A new cemetery, Teddington Cemetery, opened at Shacklegate Lane in 1879.
Several schools were built in Teddington in the late 19th century in response to the 1870 Education Act, putting over 2,000 children in schools by 1899, transforming the previously illiterate village.
The 20th century
Great change took place around the turn of the 20th century in Teddington. Many new establishments were springing up, including Sims opticians and Dowsett's newsagents, which still exist today. In 1902 the National Physical Laboratory (NPL), the national measurement standards laboratory for the United Kingdom, and the largest applied physics organisation in the UK, started in Bushy House (primarily working in industry and metrology and where the first accurate atomic clock was built) and the Teddington Carnegie Library was built in 1906. Electricity was also now supplied to Teddington, allowing for more development.
Until this point, the only hospital had been the very small cottage hospital, but it could not accommodate the growing population, especially during the First World War. Money was raised over the next decade to build Teddington Memorial Hospital in 1929.
By the beginning of the Second World War, by far the greatest source of employment in Teddington was in the NPL. Its main focus in the war was military research and its most famous invention, the "bouncing bomb", was developed. During the war General Dwight D. Eisenhower planned the D-Day landings at his Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF) at Camp Griffiss in Bushy Park.
The "towpath murders" took place across the river in 1953. On 1 June, Barbara Songhurst was discovered floating in the River Thames, having been stabbed four times. Her friend Christine Reed, then missing, was found dead on 6 June. On 28 June, Alfred Whiteway was arrested for their murder and the sexual assault of three other women that same year. Whiteway was hanged at Wandsworth Prison on 22 November 1953. Whiteway and the girls were all from Teddington. The case was described as "one of Scotland Yard's most notable triumphs in a century".
The education authority for Teddington is Richmond upon Thames London Borough Council.
Primary schools in Teddington include Collis Primary School (Fairfax Road), St Mary's & St Peter's Primary School (Church Road), Sacred Heart RC School (St Marks Road) and Stanley Juniors and Infants (Strathmore Road). Secondary schools include Teddington School.
The Landmark Arts Centre, an independent charity, delivers a wide-ranging arts and education programme for the local and wider community. Its activities include arts classes, concerts and exhibitions.
- Cricket and hockey clubs in Bushy Park
In the late 19th century, Bushy Park became home to Teddington Cricket Club. From this, stemmed Teddington Hockey Club in 1871, which was responsible for introducing important rules of the modern game of hockey including the striking circle and the "sticks" rule.
- Kingston Royals Dragon Boat Racing Club
- The Lensbury sports and social club of Royal Dutch Shell – a private members' club with membership available to non-Shell employees. The sports teams previously associated with it have become independent
- NPL Sports Club
- Royal Canoe Club
- The Skiff Club. The oldest skiff club in the world and also competes at punting under TPC rules.
- Teddington Athletic FC
- Teddington Rugby Football Club
- Walbrook Rowing Club
- Weirside AFC play at the Broom Road site; they have a clubhouse overlooking Teddington Lock
Nearest railway stations
Teddington railway station, served by South Western Railway trains, is on the electrified Kingston Loop Line close to the junction of the Shepperton Branch Line. Trains run both ways to London Waterloo: one way via Kingston upon Thames and Wimbledon every 15 minutes, the other via Richmond and Putney every 30 minutes. Trains also run to Shepperton every 30 minutes.
Demography and housing
|Ward||Detached||Semi-detached||Terraced||Flats and apartments||Caravans/temporary/mobile homes/houseboats||Shared between households|
|Ward||Population||Households||% Owned outright||% Owned with a loan||hectares|
Places of worship
- St Mary with St Alban Church of England parish church, built circa 1400. St Mary's is the original church; St Alban's, across the road, is now the Landmark Arts Centre
- Teddington Baptist Church – evangelical Baptist church
- Sacred Heart Church – Roman Catholic church designed by Kelly & Birchall, opened in 1893
- St Mark's, Teddington – Church of England
- Teddington Methodist Church
- Christ Church – an independent congregation worshipping in Church of England style
- St Peter & St Paul, Teddington – Church of England
Only notable people with entries on Wikipedia have been included. Their birth or residence has been verified by citations.
- The Dowager Queen Adelaide, widow of William IV, spent her last years (1837–1849) at Bushy House, Teddington
- Sir Noël Coward (1899–1973), actor, playwright and songwriter, was born at 131 Waldegrave Road, Teddington. There is a bust of Coward, sculpted by Avril Vellacott, in Teddington Library, which is only a short distance away
- Dorothy Edwards (1914–1982), children's author, was born in Teddington.
- Prince Louis, Duke of Nemours (1814–1896), lived at Bushy House
- Eugène Marais (1871–1936), South African lawyer, naturalist, poet and writer, lived in Coleshill Road in Teddington from 1898 to 1902
- Frederick North, Lord North (1732–1792), British statesman, Prime Minister from 1770 to 1782, lived at Bushy House as his London suburban residence when Ranger of Bushy Park, from 1771 to 1792
- Gertrude Minnie Robins (1861-1939), novelist, born in Teddington
- Norman Selfe (1839–1911), engineer, naval architect, inventor, urban planner and advocate of technical education, was born in Teddington
- John Thaxter (1927–2012), theatre critic, lived in Teddington
Notes and references
- Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 20 December 2013
- Buchanan, Clare (26 June 2013). "Media group plots move to Teddington (From Your Local Guardian)". Richmond Guardian. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
- Sheaf, John; Howe, Ken (1995). Hampton and Teddington Past, Historical Publications. ISBN 0-948667-25-7 p. 9
- Twickenham Museum
- "The Story of Bushy House" (PDF). National Physical Laboratory. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- Map of the parish
- Reynolds, Susan (ed.) (1962) "Twickenham: Introduction", in A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3, Shepperton, Staines, Stanwell, Sunbury, Teddington, Heston and Isleworth, Twickenham, Cowley, Cranford, West Drayton, Greenford, Hanwell, Harefield and Harlington London: Victoria County History, pp. 139–147. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
- Jerrold, Clare A. (1914). The Story of Dorothy Jordan. Eveleigh Nash.
- Thacker, Frederick S. (1968) , The Thames Highway, II: Locks and Weirs (Newton Abbott: David & Charles)
- "Table of population, 1801-1901". British History Online.
- "Our History". Landmark Arts Centre. Retrieved 19 November 2013.
- "Teddington Cemetery". Cemeteries. London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. Retrieved 8 August 2015.
- Buchanan, Clare (20 April 2013). "Teddington suffragette attack remembered 100 years on". Richmond and Twickenham Times. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- Teddington Memorial Hospital Archived 2007-06-21 at the Wayback Machine
- Cullen, Pamela V. A Stranger in Blood: The Case Files on Dr John Bodkin Adams (London: Elliott & Thompson, 2006; ISBN 1-904027-19-9).
- Buchanan, Clare (14 October 2013). "Teddington Society celebrates 40th anniversary, then gets straight back to work". Richmond Guardian. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- Collis School, St Marys & St Peters, Sacred Heart RC School, Stanley Juniors Archived 2007-08-16 at the Wayback Machine, Stanley Infants Archived 2007-11-12 at the Wayback Machine.
- Teddington School
- "Landmark Arts Centre". Teddington Town. 22 October 2017.
- Teddington Cricket Club
- Teddington Hockey Club
- Egan, Travie; Connolly, Helen (2005). Field hockey: rules, tips, strategy, and safety. The Rosen Publishing Group. ISBN 978-1-4042-0182-8.
- Hewitson, Jessie (25 October 2007). "Homes a world away from the city". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- Buses from Teddington Transport for London
- Teed, Paul (19 September 2012). "Teddington's Mo Farah to be granted freedom of Richmond". Richmond and Twickenham Times. Retrieved 19 September 2012.
- Adams, Fiona (July 2013). "Page to Stage". Richmond Magazine.
- D'Souza, Christa (25 July 2003). "Not just a pouty face". The Telegraph. Retrieved 17 November 2017.
- "Royal Richmond timeline". Local history timelines. London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. 23 July 2012. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
- Boyes, Valerie (2012). Royal Minstrels to Rock and Roll; 500 years of music-making in Richmond. London: Museum of Richmond.
- "Blue Plaques in Richmond upon Thames". Visit Richmond. London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
- Teed, Paul (24 July 2011). "Chairwoman of Friends of Teddington Memorial Hospital honoured with portrait". Richmond and Twickenham Times. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
- Historic England. "Teddington Library (1396400)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 September 2016.
- "Oxford Reference: Dorothy Edwards". Oxford University Press. 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
- Egmont: Dorothy Edwards biography
- "Residences of the French Royal House of Orleans" (PDF). Local History Notes. London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
- Buchanan, Clare (22 April 2013). "Teddington plaque pledge for South African poet Eugene Marais". Richmond and Twickenham Times. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- Murray-Smith, S. "Selfe, Norman (1839–1911)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography at the Australian National University. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
- Smurthwaite, Nick (14 February 2012). "John Thaxter". The Stage. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
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