Location of Illinois in the United States
|Coordinates: 39°32′56″N 89°17′40″W|
|• Total||12.23 sq mi (31.67 km2)|
|• Land||10.32 sq mi (26.73 km2)|
|• Water||1.91 sq mi (4.95 km2)|
|Elevation||630 ft (190 m)|
|• Density||1,041.96/sq mi (402.31/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
Taylorville was known (in the early to mid-1990s) to have had a high rate of neuroblastoma, a cancer affecting the adrenal gland and striking children. The local power company Central Illinois Public Service Company was sued and lost for contaminating the groundwater in 1994.
On August 11, 2012, a Beechcraft Model 18 airplane crashed into a residential area of Taylorville, killing the pilot but injuring none on the ground. A subsequent NTSB investigation into the accident concluded that an improper flap configuration and failure to maintain the correct airspeed due to pilot error, resulted in the crash.
At about 5:15 PM on December 1, 2018, as part of the December 2018 tornado outbreak, a strong tornado hit Taylorville. The tornado injured at least 26 residents and damaged more than 600 homes and businesses, 34 of which were completely destroyed. Damage surveys by the National Weather Service rated the tornado EF3 with winds over 150 mph (240 km/h).
Taylorville is located at 39°32′27″N 89°17′17″W (39.540768, −89.288005).
According to the 2010 census, Taylorville has a total area of 11.77 square miles (30.48 km2), of which 9.86 square miles (25.54 km2) (or 83.77%) is land and 1.91 square miles (4.95 km2) (or 16.23%) is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 11,427 people, 4,856 households, and 3,039 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,416.6 people per square mile (546.7/km²). There were 5,208 housing units at an average density of 645.6 per square mile (249.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.67% White, 0.71% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, and 0.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.70% of the population.
Taylorville is served by Illinois Route 29, Illinois Route 48 and Illinois Route 104. (by closest major city) Illinois Route 29 connects Taylorville to Springfield Illinois, Illinois Route 48 connects Decatur Illinois including highway access to US Highway 51 to Pana Illinois and/or Champaign Illinois via Interstate 72, and Illinois Route 104 connects Taylorville to Jacksonville Illinois.
The town newspaper is the Breeze-Courier, which is the only daily newspaper serving Christian County. Also, The State Journal-Register, published in Springfield, Illinois covers Taylorville and Christian County quite extensively. The Decatur, Illinois Herald & Review covers the area as well.
- John J. Bullington - Illinois state representative, soldier, and politician, lived and practiced law in Taylorville.
- Jon Corzine was the 54th Governor of New Jersey from 2006 to 2010 and was a United States Senator representing New Jersey from 2001–2006. Corzine was born outside Taylorville and graduated from Taylorville High School in 1965. Corzine previously served as co-CEO of Goldman Sachs, and CEO and Chairman of MF Global.
- Yvonne Craig — born in Taylorville; actress who appeared in the Batman television series as Batgirl.
- James H. Forrester - Illinois state senator, judge, and lawyer, lived and practiced law in Taylorville.
- Harry B. Hershey - Illinois Supreme Court justice, lived in Taylorville; served as mayor of Taylorville.
- Randy Hopper - Wisconsin State Senator, born in Taylorville.
- Johnny Orr was a basketball player and coach born in Taylorville on June 10, 1927. He led Taylorville High School to its only state championship in high school basketball in 1944, with the Tornadoes finishing 45–0. In high school, he was a three-sport athlete.
- Edward Mills Purcell — born in Taylorville; discovered nuclear magnetic resonance (MRI); winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics (1952)
- James B. Ricks - Illinois Supreme Court justice; served as mayor of Taylorville.
- Joyce Taylor - 1960s film and television actress who was born in Taylorville.
- Clifford J. Vogelsang - Illinois state senator, judge, and lawyer, lived and practiced law in Taylorville.
- Official City Website Retrieved on May 27, 2007
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 30, 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved August 11, 2019.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on July 4, 2012. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- Neuroblastoma Coal Tar Cancer. Clutterinvestigations.com. Retrieved on November 20, 2015.
- The case files for the case against the power plant. State.il.us. Retrieved on November 20, 2015.
- "Plane Crashes Into Residential Section of Taylorville; Pilot Killed". Taylorville Daily News. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
- Reid, Tony. "Report cites pilot errors in fatal 2012 Taylorville plane crash". Herald & Review. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
- Moore, Brenden. "Tornado causes injuries, severe damage in Taylorville". The State Journal-Register. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
- Jackson, Clay. "100 Taylorville buildings damaged in storm; 'It looked like a war zone'". Herald & Review. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
- NWS Damage Survey for 12/01/18 Tornado Event Report #2 (Report). Iowa Environmental Mesonet. National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office in Lincoln, Illinois. December 2, 2018. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
- NWS Damage Survey for 12/01/18 Tornado Event #6 (Report). Iowa Environmental Mesonet. National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office in Lincoln, Illinois. December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- Taylor Bell (2006). Glory Days Illinois: Legends of Illinois High School Basketball. Sports Publishing LLC. pp. 4–. ISBN 978-1-58261-945-3.
- 'Illinois Blue Book 1917-1918,' Biographical Sketch of John J. Bullington, pg. 206-207
- Dave Bakke: When Corzine's in the news, media turn to Taylorville – News – The State Journal-Register – Springfield, IL. Sj-r.com (November 4, 2011). Retrieved on 2015-11-20.
- Dori Meinert (September 26, 2004) From Taylorville to Capitol Hill Sen. Jon Corzine a key fund-raiser for Democrats. Springfield State Journal Register.
- "MF Global Appoints Jon S. Corzine Chairman and Chief Executive Officer" (Press release). MF Global. March 23, 2010. Archived from the original on March 29, 2010. Retrieved March 23, 2010.
- 'Illinois Blue book 1927-1928,' Biographical Sketch of James H. Forrester, pg. 290=291
- Illinois Supreme Court-Harry B. Hershey Archived July 5, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. Illinoiscourts.gov (August 30, 1967). Retrieved on 2015-11-20.
- 'Wisconsin Blue Book 2009-2010), Biographical Sketch of Randy Hopper, pg. 54
- William Yardley (January 2, 2014) Johnny Orr, Coach Who Turned Iowa State Into Contender, Dies at 86. New York Times
- Taylorville native, basketball coach Johnny Orr dies – Entertainment & Life – The State Journal-Register – Springfield, IL. Sj-r.com (December 31, 2013). Retrieved on 2015-11-20.
- Purcell, Edward Mills (1952). "Biography". The Nobel Prize in Physics 1952 Felix Bloch, E. M. Purcell. The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved May 22, 2012.
- Illinois Supreme Court-James B. Ricks
- 'Illinois Blue Book 1933-1934, Biographical Sketch of Clifford J. Vogelsang, pg. 219
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