Tavistock (UK Parliament constituency)
Tavistock was the name of a parliamentary constituency in Devon between 1330 and 1974. Until 1885 it was a parliamentary borough, consisting solely of the town of Tavistock; it returned two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom until 1868, when its representation was reduced to one member. From 1885, the name was transferred to a single-member county constituency covering a much larger area. (Between 1885 and 1918, the constituency had the alternative name of West Devon.)
|Former County constituency|
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||one|
|Replaced by||West Devon|
|Number of members||two (1330-1868), one (1868-1885)|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
1885–1918: The Municipal Boroughs of Devonport and Plymouth, and the Sessional Divisions of Hatherleigh, Holsworthy, Lifton, Midland Roborough, and Tavistock.
1918–1950: The Urban Districts of Holsworthy, Ivybridge, and Tavistock, the Rural Districts of Broadwoodwidger, Plympton St Mary, and Tavistock, and part of the Rural District of Holsworthy.
1950–1974: The Urban Districts of Holsworthy and Tavistock, the Rural Districts of Broadwoodwidger, Holsworthy, and Tavistock, and part of the Rural District of Plympton St Mary.
In 1965 Tavistock was one of the largest seats in England, in terms of land area. It included the towns of Plympton and Plymstock (effectively eastern suburbs of Plymouth). It also included a great deal of rural land, including two-thirds of Dartmoor.
Members of Parliament
|Parliament||First member||Second member|
|Oct. 1377||Thomas Raymond|
|1386||John Wyndout||John Tryll|
|1388 (Feb)||Ranulph Hunt||John atte Pole|
|1388 (Sep)||John Ford||William Walreddon|
|1390 (Jan)||Walter Milemead||John Bithewater|
|1391||Ranulph Hunt||John Whitham|
|1393||Ranulph Hunt||Matthew Row|
|1394||Ranulph Hunt||John Crocker|
|1395||Ranulph Hunt||Walter Dimmock|
|1397 (Jan)||William Whitham||John Plenty|
|1402||Ranulph Hunt||John Kene|
|1406||John Plenty||Roger Baker|
|1407||John Godfrey||William Brit|
|1411||John Lopynford||Richard Secheville|
|1413 (May)||William May||John Julkin|
|1414 (Nov)||William May||John Julkin|
|1420||Richard Secheville||William Bentley|
|1421 (May)||John Fortescue||William May|
|1421 (Dec)||John Fortescue||Nicholas Fitzherbert|
|1510-1512||No names known|
|1515||Richard Lybbe||John Amadas|
|1529||William Honychurch||John Dynham|
|1545||Sir Peter Carew||Richard Fortescue|
|1547||Sir Edward Rogers||John Gale|
|1553 (Mar)||Edward Underhill||Anthony Lyte|
|1553 (Nov)||Richard Wilbraham||Thomas Smyth|
|Parliament of 1554||Richard Mayo||John Fitz, junior|
|Parliament of 1554-1555||John Onebyche|
|Parliament of 1555||Richard Mayo||Thomas Southcote|
|Parliament of 1558||Thomas Browne||George Southcote|
|Parliament of 1559||Unknown: the return has been lost|
|Parliament of 1563-1567||Sir Nicholas Throckmorton||Richard Cooke|
|Parliament of 1571||Nathaniel Bacon||Robert Ferrers died after 1572|
In his place Charles Morison
|Parliament of 1572-1581|
|Parliament of 1584-1585||Edward Bacon||Valentine Knightley|
|Parliament of 1586-1587||John Glanville|
|Parliament of 1588-1589||Michael Heneage||Anthony Ashley|
|Parliament of 1593||Hugh Vaughan||Richard Codrington|
|Parliament of 1597-1598||Edward Montagu||Valentine Knightley|
|Parliament of 1601||Henry Grey||Walter Wentworth|
|Parliament of 1604-1611||Sir George Fleetwood||Edward Duncombe|
|Addled Parliament (1614)||(Sir) Francis Glanville|
|Parliament of 1621-1622||Sir Baptist Hicks, Bt|
|Happy Parliament (1624-1625)||Sampson Hele||John Pym|
|Useless Parliament (1625)||Sir Francis Glanville|
|Parliament of 1625-1626||Sir John Ratcliffe|
|Parliament of 1628-1629||Sir Francis Glanville|
|No Parliament summoned 1629-1640|
Elections in the 1840s
Rundle resigned by accepting the office of Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds, causing a by-election.
|Radical gain from Whig||Swing||N/A|
|Turnout||223 (est)||70.6 (est)|
|Radical gain from Whig||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1850s
|Turnout||247 (est)||70.6 (est)||—|
On petition, Carter was unseated in 1853 and Phillimore was declared elected in his place.
|Turnout||285 (est)||72.2 (est)||+1.6|
Elections in the 1860s
|Liberal||Joseph d'Aguilar Samuda||179||24.6||N/A|
|Liberal||Theophilus Alexander Blakely||8||1.1||N/A|
|Turnout||411 (est)||96.5 (est)||N/A|
Seat reduced to one member
Elections in the 1870s
|Liberal||Lord Arthur Russell||362||57.0||N/A|
|Liberal||Russell Hugh Worthington Biggs||273||43.0||N/A|
Elections in the 1880s
|Liberal||Lord Arthur Russell||Unopposed|
|Liberal Unionist||Viscount Ebrington||3,917||59.0||+22.0|
|Liberal||John Budd Phear||2,722||41.0||−22.0|
|Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+22.0|
Elections in the 1890s
|Liberal Unionist||Robert Thomas White-Thomson||4,241||48.8||−10.2|
|Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist||Swing||+10.2|
|Liberal Unionist||Robert Thomas White-Thomson||4,597||48.1||-0.7|
Elections in the 1900s
|Liberal Unionist||John Spear||4,746||50.1||+2.0|
|Liberal||John Fellowes Wallop||4,731||49.9||−2.0|
|Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+2.0|
|Liberal Unionist||John Spear||5,196||44.8||−5.3|
|Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist||Swing||+5.3|
Elections in the 1910s
|Liberal Unionist||John Spear||6,343||49.1||+4.3|
|Liberal Unionist||John Spear||6,409||51.6||+2.5|
|Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+2.5|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Elections in the 1920s
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing|
Elections in the 1930s
|Liberal||John Adam Day||13,592||41.2|
|Liberal||John Adam Day||13,422||40.5|
|Labour||Charles Henry Townsend||2,236||6.7|
Elections in the 1940s
General Election 1939/40:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
- Conservative: Colin Patrick
- Liberal: Frank Milton
- Labour: J Finnigan
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour||Frank W Harcourt-Munning||10,189||27.4|
|Labour||Frank W Harcourt-Munning||12,833||36.13|
|Labour||Bryan R Weston||8,022||21.8|
Elections in the 1960s
|Labour||John A Elswood||7,226||17.7|
|Labour||Peggy Arline Middleton||8,902||20.2|
- Crick 1997, pp117-8
- "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 3 November 2011.
- "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 3 November 2011.
- Manaton was initially returned as re-elected in 1710, but on petition he was adjudged not to have been duly elected
- Cope was re-elected in 1727, but had also been elected for Hampshire, which he chose to represent, and did not sit again for Tavistock
- Succeeded as The Viscount Fane (in the Peerage of Ireland), July 1744
- Leveson-Gower was also elected for Lichfield, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Tavistock
- Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 75–77. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
- Wyndham was also elected for Midhurst, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Tavistock
- Ebrington was re-elected in 1830, but had also been elected for Devon, which he chose to represent, and did not sit again for Tavistock
- Russell was re-elected in 1831, but had also been elected for Devon, which he chose to represent, and did not sit again for Tavistock
- Styled Marquess of Tavistock from 1839
- Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. pp. 198–199. Retrieved 21 December 2018 – via Google Books.
- Mosse, Richard Bartholomew (1838). The Parliamentary Guide: a concise history of the Members of both Houses, etc. p. 212. Retrieved 21 December 2018 – via Google Books.
- "General Election, 1841". Morning Post. 28 June 1841. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 21 December 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Hoppen, K. Theodore (2016). Governing Hibernia: British Politicians and Ireland 1800-1921. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 133. ISBN 9780198207436. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
- "Bedford Election". Worcester Journal. 9 December 1854. pp. 7–8. Retrieved 8 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Bedford Election". Leeds Intelligencer. 9 December 1854. p. 3. Retrieved 8 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Tavistock Election". The Suffolk Chronicle; or Weekly General Advertiser & County Express. 7 August 1847. p. 1. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Election Intelligence". Morning Post. 26 July 1847. pp. 5–6. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Carter's re-election in 1853 was declared void and his opponent, Phillimore, was seated in his place.
- Crail, Mark. "Samuel Carter, Chartist MP, 1814 - 1903". Chartist Ancestors. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
- "Election Intelligence". London Evening Standard. 27 April 1852. p. 3. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Latest News". York Herald. 5 September 1857. p. 7. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Coventry". Evening Mail. 27 March 1857. p. 7. Retrieved 6 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Election Movements". Coventry Standard. 20 March 1857. p. 4. Retrieved 6 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Western Courier, West of England Conservative, Plymouth and Devonport Advertiser". 14 July 1852. p. 3. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Representation of Tavistock". London Evening Standard. 3 September 1857. p. 6. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Nottingham Journal". 11 September 1857. p. 3. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Styled Lord Arthur Russell from 1872
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- McKie, David (26 October 2006). "No sense in self-denial". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
- "The Election for the County of Middlesex". The Times. 4 September 1857. p. 9.
- "North Wales Chronicle". 12 September 1857. p. 12. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Domestic". Royal Cornwall Gazette. 11 September 1857. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "To the Electors of Tavistock". Western Morning News. 5 July 1865. p. 1. Retrieved 19 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Roberts, Steven (2012). "Captain Alexander Blakely RA". p. 3. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
- "Tavistock". Western Morning News. 6 February 1874. pp. 1–2. Retrieved 21 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. p. 259. ISBN 9781349022984.
- Western Times 13 Mar 1914
- F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
- British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
- British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
- F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
- Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807)
- D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
- Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808)
- The Constitutional Year Book for 1913 (London: National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1913)
- F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
- F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949 (Glasgow: Political Reference Publications, 1969)
- Michael Crick, Michael Heseltine: A Biography, Hamish Hamilton, 1997, ISBN 0-241-13691-1.
- Maija Jansson (ed.), Proceedings in Parliament, 1614 (House of Commons) (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1988)
- J E Neale, The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)
- J Holladay Philbin, Parliamentary Representation 1832 - England and Wales (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)
- Henry Stooks Smith, The Parliaments of England from 1715 to 1847 (2nd edition, edited by FWS Craig - Chichester: Parliamentary Reference Publications, 1973)
- Willis, Browne (1750). Notitia Parliamentaria, Part II: A Series or Lists of the Representatives in the several Parliaments held from the Reformation 1541, to the Restoration 1660 ... London. p. 1.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 1)