Taplow

Taplow is a village and civil parish in the South Bucks district of Buckinghamshire, England. It sits on the left bank of the River Thames, facing Maidenhead in the neighbouring county of Berkshire, with Cippenham and Burnham to the east. It is the westernmost settlement in South Bucks.

Taplow

The mock-medieval parish church of St Nicholas, built in 1911.

Berry Hill, part of the developed traditional core
Taplow
Location within Buckinghamshire
Area11.22 km2 (4.33 sq mi)
Population1,669 (2011 census)[1]
 Density149/km2 (390/sq mi)
OS grid referenceSU9182
Civil parish
  • Taplow
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townMAIDENHEAD
Postcode districtSL6
Dialling code01628
PoliceThames Valley
FireBuckinghamshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament

The village features a Grade II listed mock-medieval church, the parish church of St Nicolas,[2] as well as a school of the same name. Taplow railway station, on the Great Western main line, serves the village, with services to London Paddington, Reading and Oxford.

There are two conservation areas in the parish, the Taplow Village Conservation Area[3] and the Taplow Riverside Conservation Area.[4]

Footpaths connect all parts of the parish to Maidenhead Bridge and to Burnham Beeches, a modest, hilly wood marking the start of the Chiltern Hills.

History

The village has a geological Site of Special Scientific Interest, South Lodge Pit, dating to the late Cretaceous.[5][6]

The village's name is Anglo-Saxon in origin, and means Tæppa's barrow; the Anglo-Saxon burial mound of Tæppa can still be visited, and important artefacts excavated there are now in the British Museum, notably a gold belt buckle. Taplow was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Thapeslau. Taplow Court nearby is also the site of an early Iron Age hill fort and was the site of the manor house.[7][8]

William Grenfell, 1st Baron Desborough lived at Taplow Court.[9] Neighbouring is Cliveden, former home and parkland of Nancy Astor in the parish. Both aspects of Cliveden are today open under the National Trust scheme though part of the main building is used as a hotel for visiting dignitaries to the UK.

In 1883 a number of important Anglo-Saxon royal grave goods were discovered, reflecting similar discoveries in Prittlewell, Broomfiled, and Sutton Hoo. Though the overall collection is less than that from the ship-burial in Mound 1 at Sutton Hoo, many individual objects are closely comparable and of similar quality.

The church of St Nicholas was built in 1911 but includes one of the earliest surviving brass memorials to a civilian in England, made in about 1350, which would place it during the Black Death.[2]

Demography

Taplow compared
2001 UK CensusTaplow wardSouth Bucks boroughEngland
Population1,58461,94549,138,831
Foreign born14.9%12.2%9.2%
White96.1%93.4%90.9%
Asian2.3%4.5%4.6%
Black0.0%0.4%2.3%
Christian73.4%75.6%71.7%
Muslim0.4%1.1%3.1%
Hindu0.8%1.2%1.16
No religion17.1%12.5%14.6%
Unemployed1.3%1.9%3.3%
Retired12.7%14.8%13.5%

At the 2011 UK census, the Taplow electoral ward had a population of 1,669. The ethnicity was 92.5% white, 1.0% mixed race, 5.0% Asian, 0.8% black and 0.7% other. The place of birth of residents was 85.1% United Kingdom, 1% Republic of Ireland, 4.6% other Western European countries, and 9.3% elsewhere. Religion was recorded as 64.1% Christian, 1.6% Buddhist, 0.5% Hindu, 1.6% Sikh, 0.3% Jewish, and 1.3% Muslim. 24.1% were recorded as having no religion, 0% had an alternative religion and 5.9% did not state their religion.[10]

The economic activity of residents aged 16–74 was 46.8% in full-time employment, 8.7% in part-time employment, 16.7% self-employed, 1.3% unemployed, 0.9% students with jobs, 2.5% students without jobs, 12.7% retired, 6.2% looking after home or family, 1.7% permanently sick or disabled and 2.7% economically inactive for other reasons. The industry of employment of residents was 12.3% retail, 11.8% manufacturing, 4.5% construction, 24.6% real estate, 7.8% health and social work, 5.7% education, 9.1% transport and communications, 2.7% public administration, 6.7% hotels and restaurants, 2.7% finance, 3% agriculture and 9.1% other. Compared with national figures, the ward had a relatively high proportion of workers in agriculture and real estate. According to Office for National Statistics estimates, during the period of April 2001 to March 2002 the average gross weekly income of households was £840, compared with an average of £660 in South East England. Of the ward's residents aged 16–74, 37.2% had a higher education qualification or the equivalent, compared with 19.9% nationwide.[11]

2011 Published Statistics: Population, home ownership and extracts from Physical Environment, surveyed in 2005[1]
Output areaHomes owned outrightOwned with a loanSocially rentedPrivately rentedOtherkm² roadskm² waterkm² domestic gardenskm² domestic buildingskm² non-domestic buildingsUsual residentskm²
Civil parish35324428139190.2580.4940.4210.0870.086166911.22

Sports

The village's football club are Taplow United F.C. who play in the Hellenic Football League. The village cricket club is located on the Cliveden Road and the rugby union side, Phoenix RFC is located on Institute Road near the railway station.

Notable people

References

  1. Key Statistics: Dwellings; Quick Statistics: Population Density; Physical Environment: Land Use Survey 2005
  2. Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1309135)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
  3. "Taplow Village Conservation Area" (PDF). South Bucks District Council. June 2008. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  4. "Taplow Riverside Conservation Area" (PDF). South Bucks District Council. October 2007. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  5. "South Lodge Pit citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  6. "Map of South Lodge Pit". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  7. Bucks Archeological Service Historic Environment Resource Assessment
  8. Hart, Jonathan; Mc Sloy, E. R.; Mudd, Andrew (2011). "A Late Prehistoric Hilltop Settlement and Other Excavations Along the Taplow and Dorney Water Pipeline". Records of Buckinghamshire. Buckinghamshire Archeological Society. 51. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  9. Christopher Winn, I Never Knew That About the River Thames (Random House, 2010) ISBN 0-09-193357-9 p.138
  10. UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Taplow 2011 Census Ward (1237322176)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 February 2018.
  11. "Neighbourhood Statistics". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 20 April 2008.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.