The rouble or ruble (Tajik: рубл) was the currency of Tajikistan between May 10, 1995 and October 29, 2000. It was subdivided into 100 tanga, although no coins or banknotes were issued denominated in tanga.
|рубл (in Tajik)|
|Freq. used||1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000 rubles|
|Source||The World Factbook, 2000 est.|
This infobox shows the latest status before this currency was rendered obsolete.
Like a number of other republics of the former Soviet Union, Tajikistan continued using the Soviet and Russian rubles for a few years after independence. On July 26, 1993, when the new Russian ruble was issued, old Soviet rubles ceased to be legal tender in Russia. In Tajikistan, pre-1993 Soviet rubles ceased to be legal tender on 8 January 1994. On May 10, 1995, the Tajikistani ruble replaced the Russian ruble at a rate of 1 Tajikistani ruble to 100 Russian rubles.
Among the republics of the former Soviet Union, Tajikistan was the last to issue its own currency. Transnistria, an unrecognized state, issued its own ruble before Tajikistan did. The reason for this was largely lack of funds and resources, with Tajikistan being the poorest of the former soviet republics and absorbing its share of the former union's economic collapse. This was compounded further by the disorganization caused by the civil war in Tajikistan.
By the end of the decade, rampant inflation caused by the economic problems had essentially destroyed the Tajikistani ruble, and plans to replace it with a new currency were drawn up in 1999.
On October 30, 2000, the somoni were introduced and replaced the ruble with 1 somoni equal to 1000 rubles.
Only one commemorative coin was issued for the Tajikistani ruble. These were aimed for the collectors market and were never intended for use in circulation.
|The commemorative Tajikistani ruble coin|
|Value||Technical parameters||Description||Date of minting|
|20 rubles||35.1 mm||20 g||900‰ silver||Reeded||Ismail Samani||Royal device||1999|
|For table standards, see the coin specification table.|
The Tajikistani ruble banknotes have a striking similarity to the 1961, 1991 and 1992 banknote series of the Soviet/Russian ruble, with similar size, colour scheme, positioning of objects and the font. The colour schemes can be traced back to the later issues of the Russian Empire. Many of the old printing templates used for the production of Soviet ruble notes were used on Tajikistan's notes. This is because the Tajikistani ruble was printed under the direction of Goznak, the official Russian agency responsible for the production of banknotes and coins. Some of the old printing templates used for Soviet notes were used on Tajikistan notes.
|The banknote series|
|Image||Value||Dimensions||Main Colour||Description||Date of|
|1 ruble||102 × 55 mm||Brown||Coat of arms and patterns||Flag of Tajikistan over Supreme Assembly (Majlisi Olii)||Multi-star pattern||1994||1995|
|100 rubles||121 × 60 mm||Brown|
|200 rubles||Olive-green and pale violet|
|500 rubles||Dark pink|
|1000 rubles||143 × 71 mm||Brown and purple||1999|
|10 000 rubles||?||Orange|
|For table standards, see the banknote specification table.|
- National Bank of Tajikistan. "Banknotes and coins". Archived from the original on April 29, 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-19.
- The Global History of Currencies - Russia Archived 2007-01-04 at the Wayback Machine
- Tables of modern monetary history: Asia
- Профцентры Восточной Европы и Центральной Азии. "Справочник - Таджикистан". Retrieved 2008-01-26.
- Central Intelligence Agency. "CIA World Factbook". Archived from the original on 2001-03-31. Retrieved 2008-01-26.
- Krause, Chester L.; Clifford Mishler (2003). 2004 Standard Catalog of World Coins: 1901–Present. Colin R. Bruce II (senior editor) (31st ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 0873495934.
- Cuhaj, George S. (editor) (2005). Standard Catalog of World Paper Money: Modern Issues 1961-Date (11th ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 0-89689-160-7.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
Reason: independence and inflation
Ratio: 1 Tajikistani ruble = 100 Russian rubles
|Currency of Tajikistan
1995 – 2000
Ratio: 1 somoni = 1,000 rubles