TVRI (Televisi Republik Indonesia, Television of the Republic of Indonesia) is a state-owned, public broadcasting television network and the oldest television entity in Indonesia. Its national headquarters is in Gelora, Central Jakarta.[1]

Televisi Republik Indonesia
TypePublic television network
Founded24 August 1962 (1962-08-24)
(the opening ceremony of the 1962 Asian Games)
SloganMedia Pemersatu Bangsa
(The Nation's Unifying Media)
HeadquartersSenayan, South Jakarta
Broadcast area
Nationwide and Worldwide
OwnerGovernment of Indonesia
Key people
Arief Hidayat Thamrin (Chairman of the Board of Trustees)
Helmy Yahya (President Director)
Callsign meaning
Official website
Sister channel(s)TV Edukasi (2004–present)
QTV (1998–2011)
Swara Channel (1998–present)
TPI (1991–1997)
Jakarta39 UHF (TVRI Nasional, via analogue)
31 UHF (TVRI Jakarta and Banten, via analogue)
42 UHF (via DVB-T2 digital)
Bandung40 UHF (TVRI Jawa Barat, via analogue)
35 UHF (via DVB-T2 digital)
Bogor38 UHF (TVRI Jawa Barat, via analogue)
23 UHF (via digital)
Tanjung Pinang6 (2) UHF (TVRI Riau - Kepualuan Riau)
Semarang23 UHF (TVRI Jawa Tengah, via analogue)
28 UHF (via DVB-T2 digital)
Bintan6 (2) UHF (TVRI Riau - Kepulauan Riau)
Surabaya26 UHF (TVRI Jawa Timur, via analogue)
35 UHF (via DVB-T2 digital)
Makassar37 UHF (TVRI Sulawesi Selatan, via analogue)
Banda Aceh36 UHF (TVRI Aceh, via analogue)
Medan47 UHF (TVRI Sumatera Utara, via analogue)
Batam (Batam Island)6 (2) UHF (TVRI Riau - Kepulauan Riau)
Yogyakarta22 UHF (TVRI Yogyakarta, via analogue)
29 UHF (via DVB-T2 digital)
Denpasar (Bali)29 UHF (TVRI Bali, via analogue)
Bandar Lampung40 UHF (TVRI Lampung, via analogue)
Palembang46 UHF (TVRI Sumatera Selatan, via analogue)
29 UHF (via DVB-T2 digital)
Padang25 UHF (TVRI Sumatera Barat, via analogue)
30 UHF (via DVB-T2 digital)
Pekanbaru40 UHF (TVRI Riau - Kepulauan Riau, via analogue)
Pontianak32 UHF (TVRI Kalimantan Barat, via analogue)
Banjarmasin40 UHF (TVRI Kalimantan Selatan, via analogue)
Malang42 UHF (TVRI Jawa Timur, via analogue)
MNC VisionChannel 118 (TVRI Nasional)
TransVisionChannel 184 (TVRI Nasional)
Channel 182 (TVRI Programma 2)
Yes TVChannel 184 (TVRI Nasional)
Channel 182 (TVRI Programma 2)
Sky TVChannel 184 (TVRI Nasional)
Channel 182 (TVRI Programma 2)
Aora TVChannel 901
MNC Play MediaChannel 118 (TVRI Nasional)
First MediaChannel 12 (TVRI Nasional)
TransVisionChannel 184 (TVRI Nasional)
Channel 182 (TVRI Programma 2)
Yes TVChannel 184 (TVRI Nasional)
Channel 182 (TVRI Programma 2)
Sky TVChannel 184 (TVRI Nasional)
Channel 182 (TVRI Programma 2)
Channel 209 (TVRI Palembang)
StarHub TV
Channel 179 (TVRI Nasional)
Aora TVChannel 901 (TVRI Nasional)
Streaming media
TVRI KlikWatch live (all channels)
MetubeWatch live (TVRI Nasional)
(Indonesia only)
VidioWatch live (TVRI Nasional)
UseeTVWatch live (TVRI Nasional)
(Indonesia only)
Revenue Rp 137 billion (2016)
Total assets Rp 5.1 trillion (2016)
Number of employees
4,884 (2016) 

TVRI monopolized television broadcasting in Indonesia until 24 August 1989, when the first commercial television station RCTI went on the air.


In 1961, the Indonesian government decided to include the establishment of a national television station as part of the preparations for the 1962 Asian Games to be held in Jakarta. Later that year, the Television Preparation Committee was formed. In October, President Sukarno ordered the building of a studio in Senayan, Jakarta and two television towers. TVRI broadcast its first test transmission, of the Indonesian Independence Day celebrations from the Merdeka Palace transmission on 17 August 1962. TVRI went on air, airing the 1962 Asian Games opening ceremony on 24 August 1962. Two years later, the first regional broadcast stations opened in Yogyakarta, Semarang, Medan, Surabaya, Makassar, Manado, Batam, Palembang, Bali and Balikpapan. Earlier in 1963, the TVRI Foundation was formally created as the official governing authority for the channel.

In 1974 TVRI became part of the Information Ministry, with the status of a directorate. Its role was to inform the public about government policies. After two years, it began to be broadcast all over Indonesia via satellite.

The first colour television signal was transmitted via satellite transmission in 1979. The first colour news bulletins were Berita Nasional (National News), Dunia Dalam Berita (The World in News), breaking events segments on Laporan Khusus (Special Report) and Berita Terakhir (Late News).

TVRI in the late 1970s and 1980s became a well defined mass media component of the national information department. By that time it also had a second channel on Channel 8. It also established provincial television production studios.

In 1989, TVRI lost its monopoly when the government's sixth Five-Year Plan allowed private television stations to begin broadcasting, the first commercial television station being RCTI.

After the start of the reform era, TVRI's status was changed again and it became responsible firstly to the Ministry of Finance and was then turned into a limited company under the authority of the State Ministry for State-Owned Enterprises and Ministry of Finance. After the enactment of Broadcasting Act No. 32/2002 TVRI, along with RRI, were designated as the public broadcasting network in 2006 and were removed from direct governmental control of the state.

TVRI today

TVRI has 29 regional stations and more than 4,500 employees, 2,000 of whom are based in Jakarta. It broadcasts information and educational content as well as entertainment from 4:00 am to 1:30 am the next day, except during Ramadan and New Year's Eve where they broadcast throughout the night.

Along with government digital television, TVRI also has 4 channels, currently broadcast in DVB-T. TVRI 1 (on-air identity as TVRI Nasional) with national coverage, TVRI 2 which will be the regional network of regional TVRI broadcasters, TVRI 3 with programmes focused on culture and TVRI Sport HD (formerly TVRI 4) with sport programmes.


List of slogans

  • Menjalin Persatuan dan Kesatuan (Weaving Unity and Oneness, 1962–2001)
  • Makin Dekat Di Hati (Going Closer to The Heart, 2001–2003)
  • Semangat Baru (New Spirit, 2003–2012)
  • Saluran Pemersatu Bangsa (The Nation's Unifying Channel, 2012–2019)
  • Betul Sekali (Absolutely Correct, 2015–2017)
  • Kami Kembali (We Fight Back, 2018–2019)
  • Media Pemersatu Bangsa (The Nation's Unifying Media, 2019–present)

See also


Further reading

  • Department of Information, Republic of Indonesia (1999) Indonesia 1999: An Official Handbook (No ISBN)
  • Schwartz, Adam (1994) A Nation in Waiting: Indonesia in the 1990s, Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-86373-635-2
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