TV5Monde (French pronunciation: [te ve sɛ̃k mɔ̃d]; formerly known as TV5) is a French television network, broadcasting several channels of French language programming. It is an approved participant member of the European Broadcasting Union.
|Launched||2 January 1984|
|Owned by||TV5Monde, S.A.|
(France Télévisions 49%
France Médias Monde 12.58%
Société Radio-Canada 6.67%
|Picture format||1080i HDTV|
(downscaled to 16:9 576i for the SDTV feed)
|Slogan||La chaîne culturelle francophone mondiale|
|Sister channel(s)||TV5 Monde Style, TiVi5MONDE, TV5, Unis|
|Analogue television||in Kinshasa, Pointe-Noire, Mauritania, Elbasan, Cape Verde, Mauritius and Seychelles|
|Digital terrestrial television|
|ERT B only in Athens and Thessaloniki|
|Eutelsat 9B (Europe, Middle East & North Africa)||12092 H 27500 3/4 (SD) TV5MONDE FBS|
|Astra 19.2°E (Europe)||11538 V 22000 5/6 (SD) TV5MONDE Europe|
12129 V 29700 2/3 (HD) TV5MONDE FBS
|Hot Bird 13°E (Europe, Middle East & North Africa)||11137 H 27500 3/4 (SD) TV5MONDE Europe|
|Badr-4 26°E (Middle East & North Africa)||12073 H 27500 3/4 (HD) TV5MONDE Maghreb–Orient & TV5MONDE Style|
|Hellas Sat 3 39°E (Europe)||12242 H 13381 3/4 (SD) TV5MONDE Europe|
|Intelsat 10-02 1°W (Europe & North Africa)||12643 V 28800 3/4 (HD/SD) TV5MONDE Europe|
12643 V 28800 3/4 (HD) TV5MONDE FBS
|Nilesat 201 7°W (Middle East & North Africa)||11900 V 27500 5/6 (SD) TV5MONDE Maghreb–Orient|
|Sky México||Channel 277 (Mexico, Central America and The Caribbean)|
|Canalsat (France)||Channel 71|
|Dish TV (India)||Channel 731|
|Tata Sky (India)||Channel 537|
|Dish Network (United States)||Channel 9666|
|GVT (Brazil)||Channel 144|
|Cignal (Philippines)||Channel 167|
|KT QOOK TV (South Korea)||Channel 350|
|DigitAlb||Channel 131 (Albania)|
|Airtel Digital TV (India)||Channel 157|
|Claro TV (Brazil)||Channel 204|
|TrueVisions (Thailand)||Channel 788|
|Starhub TV (Singapore)||Channel 152 (HD)|
|Virgin Media Ireland||Channel 825|
|Ziggo (Netherlands)||Channel 71 (SD)|
TV Française Ziggo App Channel 1 (HD)
|DNA Oy||Channel 87|
|NET S.A. (Brazil)||Channel 204|
|Sky Cable (Philippines)||Channel 134|
Channel 65 Zamboanga City
|Kabel Deutschland (Germany)||Channel 832 (SD)|
|Verizon FiOS (United States)||Channel 1771|
|ClearTV (Nepal)||Channel 862|
|Caiway (Netherlands)||Channel 41 (HD)|
|DELTA (Netherlands)||Channel 500 (SD)|
|Kabel Noord (Netherlands)||Channel 160 (SD)|
|Peo TV (Sri Lanka)||Channel 90 (French)|
|eLife (UAE)||Channel 226 (SD)|
|DU (UAE)||Channel 811 (SD)|
|A1 TV (Austria)||Channel 62 (SD)|
|Now TV (Hong Kong)||Channel 714|
|CHT MOD (Taiwan)||Channel 750|
|T-Mobile (Netherlands)||Channel 421 (HD)|
|Ziggo GO (Netherlands)||ZiggoGO.tv (Europe only)|
|Virgin TV Anywhere||Watch live (UK only)|
TV5 started on 2 January 1984 and was under the management of Serge Adda until his death in November 2004; the new director, named on 6 April 2005 is Jean-Jacques Aillagon, former French Minister for Culture and Communication. The present Director-General is Marie-Christine Saragosse.
In January 2006 TV5 underwent a major overhaul including re-branding as "TV5MONDE" to stress its focus as a global network ("Monde" is French for "World"). Also part of the changes are a new schedule and a new program line-up. Since 1993, "TV5 Monde" is part of the channel's corporate name. Its Canadian operations are branded "TV5 Québec Canada", however, though the shorter version TV5 is also used.
TV5 was formed on 2 January 1984, under the guidance of Claude Cheysson, French Minister for Foreign Affairs, and by TV5 President Serge Adda, by five public television channels: TF1, Antenne 2, and FR3 from France, the Swiss Télévision Suisse Romande and the Belgian RTBF. The "5" from the name TV5 comes from these five public broadcasters. On 18 December 1985, TV5 was amongst the first four channels carried by cable television in France, inaugurated in Cergy-Pontoise.
Following its privatisation in 1987, TF1 retired from the TV5 consortium, although it continued to supply its programmes to the channel up until 1995. On 1 September 1988 TV5 Québec Canada was created, then TV5 Afrique in 1991. The following year TV5 transmitted using digital compression towards Latin America and the Caribbean. Its coverage was expanded in 1996 with the launch of its Asian-Pacific signal with TV5 Asie-Pacifique and its subscription channel TV5 États-Unis in the United States. Two years later, the Middle East feed was launched with TV5 Moyen-Orient in 1998.
In early 1999, TV5 split its European signal into two, with the launch of TV5 France Belgique Suisse, a signal specific to Francophone Europe (France, Belgium, Switzerland, Monaco, Luxembourg, etc.). TV5 Europe continued to serve the wider continental audience.
A consortium formed by public channels Arte and La Cinquième entered into the capital of the channel, which brought with it new sources of programming. A new schedule was constructed, centred around news programmes such as news flashes on the hour, two TV5 bulletins and rebroadcasts of its partners' main news programmes (20 Heures from France 2; Soir 3 from France 3; Le Journal from TSR/RTS; 13 Heures from RTBF).
A meeting with ministers from TV5 in Vevey, Switzerland, gave a mandate to the channel's council of cooperation in order to reform the structure of the channel, in view of creating a unique worldwide channel. The national governments in charge of the five participants gave an agreement to turn management of TV5-Etats-Unis and TV5 Amerique-Latine over to TV5 Monde, the new name for the channel's head operations in Paris.
Following the September 2001 terrorist attacks and the period leading up to the 2003 Iraq War, the subsequent media coverage put the spotlight on TV5's particular way of broadcasting news bulletins from its member public broadcasters. International conflicts arising from the decision to go to war by the United States and the United Kingdom (in which France, notably had refused to participate) had relaunched the debate over whether to create an international news channel from a French perspective, resulting in the 2006 launch of France 24.
With the creation of France 24 placing TV5's own existence in doubt, its new CEO Jean-Jacques Aillagon decided, from 1 January 2006, to rename the channel TV5Monde to better underline its status as the only international Francophone channel available on-air (France 24 at this stage was only available in Europe, the Middle East, Africa and in the United States cities of New York and Washington, D.C. in French). Aillagon stepped down from his post on 3 March 2006.
The name TV5Monde only applies to its eight different signals, broadcast from its Paris headquarters. In Canada and in French-speaking Quebec, TV5 Quebec Canada is managed from Montreal, which keeps the original name TV5, as it is operated by an independent company distinct from TV5MONDE. As well as being part of the TV5 'family', TV5 Quebec Canada has its own management and its schedule is made with the Canadian viewer in mind (and to conform to Canadian broadcast regulations, amongst which, sets domestic production quotas and limits foreign investors to a minority stake).
In 2007 a new programme schedule saw the reduction of programming from France Télévisions (France 2, 3 and 5), for example, one daily news bulletin from France 2 (abandoning France 3's midday news programme). In 2008, TV5Monde became part of holding company France Monde.
In 2009, TV5Monde split its Asia-Pacific signal into two, one of them being TV5Monde Asie, a feed for territories located between GMT+8 (Hong Kong) and GMT+12 (New Zealand). TV5Monde's Pacific signal is an adaptation of its existing Asian signal which has been adopted to its time zones to better serve its viewers. It currently broadcasts in Oceania in addition to Japan, South Korea and South East Asia, despite the signal's name.
On 25 February 2015, a new signal named TV5Monde Brésil was launched, broadcasting its programming with Portuguese subtitles.
April 2015 cyber-attack and resulting disruption
On the evening of 8 April 2015, TV5Monde was the victim of a cyberattack by a hacker group known as "CyberCaliphate", which claimed to have ties to the terrorist organization Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). The hackers breached the broadcaster's internal systems in what director Yves Bigot described as an "unprecedented" attack, overriding TV5Monde's broadcast programming for over three hours, with service only partially restored in the early hours of the following morning. Normal broadcasting services were still disrupted late into 9 April. Various computerised internal administrative and support systems including e-mail were also still shut down or otherwise inaccessible due to the attack. The hackers also hijacked TV5Monde's Facebook and Twitter pages to post the personal information of relatives of French soldiers participating in actions against the organization, along with messages critical of President François Hollande, arguing that the January 2015 terrorist attacks were "gifts" for his "unforgivable mistake" of partaking in conflicts that "[serve] no purpose".
As part of the official response to the attack, the French Minister of Culture and Communications, Fleur Pellerin, called for an emergency meeting of the heads of various major media outlets and groups. The meeting took place on 10 April at an undisclosed location. The French Prime Minister Manuel Valls called the attack "an unacceptable insult to freedom of information and expression". His cabinet colleague, the Interior Minister Bernard Cazeneuve attempted to allay public concern by stating that France "had already increased its anti-hacking measures to protect against cyber-attacks" following the aforementioned terrorist attacks on January earlier that year, which had left a total of 20 people dead.
French investigators later discounted the theory that the attack was connected to ISIL, instead suspecting the APT28 or Pawn Storm, a hacking group with alleged links to the Russian government. Investigators concluded that the attack was a test of the same sorts of cyber-weaponry that were used to switch off a power station in Ukraine.
As a result, Airbus Defence and Space implemented the Keelback Net cyber sensor.
Most of its content is taken from mainstream networks in the French-speaking world, notably France Télévisions from France, RTBF from Belgium, RTS from Switzerland, and the Radio-Canada and TVA networks in Canada. In addition to international news, TV5MONDE broadcasts Ligue 1, Coupe de France final, France Six Nations matches, films and music magazines.
The number "5" in the name is the number of founding networks: Télévision Française 1 (TF1), Antenne 2 (France 2), FR 3 (France 3), TSR (RTS Un) and RTBF (La Une). Today, the partnership making up the TV5MONDE consortium are France Télévisions, Arte France, Institut national de l'audiovisuel, CBC/Radio-Canada, Télé-Québec, RTBF and RTS. This consortium owns 51% of the service, while the other 49% is owned by France Médias Monde, a holding company that manages France's international broadcasting services.
As of 2015, ten feeds are being transmitted:
- TV5MONDE France Belgique Suisse (France, Belgium, Switzerland, Monaco and Luxembourg)
- TV5MONDE Europe (rest of Europe) with subtitles in 7 languages: French, English, German, Dutch, Romanian, Russian, and Spanish.
- TV5MONDE Afrique (Africa, except Maghreb)
- TV5MONDE Maghreb–Orient (Maghreb, Middle East) with occasional Arabic subtitles
- TV5MONDE Asie (India and rest of Asia)
- TV5MONDE États-Unis (United States) with occasional English subtitles*
- TV5MONDE Brésil (Brazil) with Portuguese subtitles***
- TV5MONDE Amérique Latine & Caraïbes (Latin America and the Caribbean) with Spanish and Portuguese subtitles
- TV5MONDE Pacifique (Japan, South Korea, Southeast Asia and Oceania)
- TV5 Québec Canada (Canada)**
(*)TV5MONDE États-Unis has certain programs subtitled in English. Particularly some newscasts and most movies are subtitled in English language. It is unusual to watch a French movie without English language subtitles on TV5MONDE États-Unis.
(**)TV5 Québec Canada is produced in Montreal.
(***)In Brazil, the French network has partnered with Brazilian National Cine Agency to stimulate the production of independent content in Brazilian pay TV.
From 1984, for this television network, there are five different logos. The first logo of television network is used from 1984 to 1988, the second logo is used from 1988 to 1990, the third logo is used from 1990 to 1995, the fourth logo is used from 1995 to 2006, and the fifth and current logo is in use from 2006.
From 1991 to 2003, the digital on-screen graphic was located on the upper right corner of the screen. From 2003 onwards, it has been moved to the upper left corner of the screen.
TV5MONDE FBS and TV5MONDE Europe are Free-To-Air and can be received by satellite. Additionally:
- Albania: TV5MONDE Europe can be found on analogue broadcasting in some Albanian municipalities on channels 43, 35, 50, 39, 25, 56 UHF.
- Croatia: TV5MONDE Europe can be found on digital cable.
- Denmark: TV5MONDE Europe can be found on digital cable.
- Germany: TV5MONDE Europe can be found on analogue or digital cable.
- Greece: TV5MONDE Europe can be found on ERT channel 22, 46.
- Ireland: TV5MONDE Europe can be found on Virgin Media Ireland channel 825
- Israel: TV5MONDE Europe can be found on Yes channel 131.
- Italy: TV5MONDE Europe can be found on SKY Italia channel 540 and on IPTV Infostrada TV, Tiscali TV and Alice Home TV on the same channel number and on TV di FASTWEB channel 68.
- Norway: TV5MONDE Europe can be found on Canal Digital channel 152.
- Romania: TV5MONDE Europe can be found on Dolce channel 116. On UPC Romania in digital, it is available on channel 721, on mediabox or LCN.
- Spain: TV5MONDE Europe can be found on ONO (Spain) cable channel 402 and on R channel 201.
- Turkey: TV5MONDE Europe can be found on Digiturk channel 102 and Turkish Cable Television.
- United Kingdom: TV5MONDE Europe can be found with English subtitles on Virgin Media cable channel 825; and free-to-air satellite via Astra 1L at 19.2°E and Eutelsat Hot Bird at 13°E. As of 19/01/2019, TV5 Monde has ceased broadcasting in the UK.
Neither TV5MONDE nor its supplementary services are Free-To-Air in North America.
TV5 Canada is a French Canadian version of TV5MONDE. It offers largely the same programming schedule, with the exception that programming from Radio-Canada, which is already available across Canada, is replaced with content from the provincial educational networks Télé-Québec and TFO. As with TV5MONDE, TV5 Québec Canada is also a cooperative effort, though involving French Canadian networks and producers through l'Association des producteurs de films et de télévision du Québec. The Canadian license also includes Unis, a channel focused on francophone communities outside Quebec.
In the United States, TV5MONDE États-Unis is one of several foreign-language premium channels offered through International Media Distribution. Broadcast is in standard definition only. The channel is offered nationwide on Dish Network, AT&T U-verse, and Verizon FiOS, and offered in most major markets on traditional cable systems such as Charter Spectrum, Cox Communications, Xfinity and Bright House Networks. TV5MONDE is offered on cable and satellite as an a la carte selection for $9.99 a month. On most systems, a subscription to another programming tier or a digital cable package may be required. Purportedly due to underfunding, TV5MONDE cannot yet offer accurate advance scheduling or on-time programming, but progress is being made in these fronts.
In addition, TV5MONDE USA offers a French-language children's channel, TiVi5MONDE, which offers a selection of Children's and young adult programming in French. The channel is currently available on Dish Network, as part of the TV5MONDE subscription. Daily blocks of TiVi5MONDE programming is also seen on the main TV5MONDE channel.
TV5MONDE launched TV5MONDE Cinema on Demand, a video on demand service available to Xfinity subscribers in July 2013 that features a selection of francophone films.
Mexico, Central America and Caribbean
In Brazil is transmitted with subtitles in Portuguese on their schedule. Negotiations are currently being held to launch the first original channel productions in the country. TV5MONDE Brésil is available on SKY Brasil on channel 108, Claro TV on channel 132, Net on channel 141, as well as Vivo TV.
TV5MONDE Amérique Latine & Caraïbes is not free-to-air in South America. The channel is available on main pay-TV operators in most Hispanic countries, with programming subtitled in Spanish.
In French Guiana, a French overseas territory in northern South America, the channel is free and broadcast with programming entirely in French.
Asia, Australia and New Zealand
The channel is free to air from the AsiaSat 3S satellite, covering most of Asia and Australia. Triangle TV in Auckland, Nepal (Everest) and Wellington rebroadcasts some news programmes. In Nepal (Everest), TiVi5 Monde is broadcast by Dish Home on Channel no D-864. In Singapore, the StarHub TV service broadcasts it on Channel 152 for its digital service customers on MediaCorp TV Channel 5 and MediaCorp TV HD5. In India, Zee Network provides this channel for its Dish Network DTH services subscribers. Also, many others like Hathway cable TV and local cable TV operators offer TV5Monde free of cost. The channel is also available in Japan on the Fuji Television platform (as TV5MONDE Pacifique, though Japan is a part of the Asian continent) and on Television New Zealand in New Zealand.
In South Korea, ISP provider Qrix offers TV5 on its premium HD cable package.
- India: TV5MONDE Asie used to be available on Dish TV channel 731 but it has been withdrawn now. Currently, it is available in Airtel Digital TV channel no 157, Tata Sky channel no 638, Hathway Cable, InCable, SitiCable, Den and Ortel.
- Indonesia - Southeast Asia: TV5MONDE Asia can be found on channel 62 UHF in Jakarta, TV5MONDE Asie Was Current for Free, Found available on First Media, BiG TV, TransVision, DensTV, UseeTV and MyRepublic.
- Pakistan: TV5MONDE Asie is available on demand by requesting the local cable operator.
- Philippines: TV5MONDE Asie can be found on SkyCable Channel 134 (Digital), Destiny Cable Channel 134 (Digital), Cable link Channel 74, Gsat Channel 67 and Cignal Channel 167 through digital platform.
- Singapore: TV5MONDE Asie is Exclusive on StarHub TV channel 152 in HD, another Sisters Channel - TV5MONDE Style HD Was on Channel 150.
- Sri Lanka: TV5MONDE Asie is Exclusive on Peo TV Channel 90 and LBN.
- Taiwan: TV5MONDE Asie can be found on CHT MOD channel 750, Another Sisters Channel as TV5MONDE Style HD On Channel 284 (Add On), TV5MONDE Asie also Available on Selection Cable TV Operator.
- Thailand: TV5MONDE Asie can be found on TrueVisions channel 788, Charcoal Cable TV (Channel 131 of Style HD and 240 of Asie), Phuket Cable Channel 616, Cable Chonburi TV Channel 154, Happy Home Cable Channel 134 and PA Business Phuket Cable Channel 901 of Asie & 1049 of Style HD.
- Hong Kong: TV5MONDE Asie is Exclusive On Now TV channel 714, another Sisters Channel TV5MONDE Style On Channel 713.
- Vietnam: TV5MONDE Asie can be found on VTVCab, SCTV, HTVC, MyTV, FPT Play HD, AVG.
Middle East and North Africa
In most of the region, TV5MONDE Maghreb-Orient is available on Nilesat 101 and Badr 4 under the frequencies of 11900.00 V 27500 3/4 and 12073.00 H 27500 3/4, respectively. In Lebanon, it is also available on Cablevision (a cable television platform serving the country), and via Tele Liban's French channel, Tele Liban Le Neuf.
High-definition (HD) broadcasting of TV5MONDE FBS started on 1 July 2015 via satellite in the CanalSat mux as an upscaled HD feed. In March 2017 the HD feed was changed from upscaled into native HD (1440x1080).
TV5MONDE Maghreb-Orient has been broadcast in HD since March 2014 via Badr-4.
TV5MONDE Asie has been broadcast in HD in Taiwan since September 2014 and Singapore via Starhub TV since October 2015.
Notes and references
- "TV5MONDE". EBU. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
- "TV5Monde in Brazil". Retrieved 27 February 2015.
- "Isil hackers seize control of France's TV5Monde network in 'unprecedented' attack". Daily Telegraph. 9 April 2015. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
- "French media groups to hold emergency meeting after Isis cyber-attack". Guardian (online edition). 9 April 2015. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
- "French TV network TV5Monde 'hacked by cyber caliphate in unprecedented attack' that revealed personal details of French soldiers". The Independent. 9 April 2015. Retrieved 9 April 2015.
- Troianovski, Anton; Nakashima, Ellen; Harris, Shane (28 December 2018). "How Russia's military intelligence agency became the covert muscle in Putin's duels with the West". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 29 December 2018.
Unit 54777 also is thought by Western intelligence to work with other psy-ops and cyber units, such as the CyberCaliphate, a hacking outfit passing itself off as supporters of the Islamic State but really part of the same GRU unit that would penetrate the Democrats’ networks in 2016 [...] In April 2015, the CyberCaliphate, again claiming to be Islamic State supporters, took France’s TV5Monde off the air for 18 hours.
- "France probes Russian lead in TV5Monde hacking: sources". Reuters. 10 June 2015. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
- Corera, Gordon (10 October 2016). "How France's TV5 was almost destroyed by 'Russian hackers'". BBC News. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
- "Airbus Defence and Space to provide cyber security services for TV5MONDE". Airbus. 9 December 2015. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
- "Actionnariat". www.tv5monde.com. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
- "TV5Monde has partnered with Ancine". Retrieved 27 February 2015.
- TV5MONDE USA: TiVi5MONDE
- Facebook: TV5MONDE Cinema on Demand