TCDD HT80000 is a series of high-speed electric multiple units built by Siemens for the Turkish State Railways. The EMUs are used on the Turkish high-speed railway network and especially on the Polatlı–Konya high-speed railway, where they can reach a maximum speed of 300 km/h.
A TCDD HT80000 EMU in Ankara
|Built at||Krefeld, Germany|
|Number under construction||11|
|Number in service||7|
|Fleet numbers||HT80001 (Velaro D)|
HT80101–HT80107 (Velaro TR)
|Depot(s)||New Etimesgut Yard|
|Line(s) served||Ankara–Istanbul high-speed railway|
(on Ankara-Eskişehir route only)
Polatlı–Konya high-speed railway
(on Ankara-Konya route only)
Ankara–Sivas high-speed railway (future)
|Train length||200 m|
|Maximum speed||320 km/h (HT80001)|
300 km/h (HT80101–HT80118)
|Power output||8,000 kW|
|Electric system(s)||25 kV, 50 Hz AC Overhead line|
|Braking system(s)||Regenerative pneumatic brakes|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
In 2013 TCDD concluded three contracts with Siemens for the acquisition of these seventeen units (1 unit for the first, 6 for the second and 10 for the last contract). Furthermore, Siemens would provide 7 years of maintenance and cleaning, and also provide a simulator. But in the end of 2014, the third contract on the last 10 sets was canceled by the Public Tender Committee of Turkey because of a missing certificate. The bids for 10 high-speed train sets were repeated on 30 January 2017 with Siemens having proposed the Velaro TR again against Alstom and CAF.
In September 2013, the first set - a train originally intended for operation in Germany - was sent east for testing. Siemens also sent a Vectron MS demonstrator locomotive along with the Velaro train to Turkey. This first unit entered service on 23 May 2015 between Ankara and Konya. The second unit (but the first produced for TCDD) departed from Germany on 29 January 2016 and reached Ankara on 17 February 2016. But the entry to service did not happen progressively and the 6 Velaro TR entered service on 10 March 2017.
Accidents and incidents
An HT80000 unit was involved in the Ankara train collision on 13 December 2018.
The train is based almost entirely on existing technology from the Siemens Velaro platform. Like most it is formed of one eight-car 200m set that can be coupled with another to produce a 16-car 400m set. Like other Velaros they can operate at temperatures between -25 °C and 40 °C. Most new technical features will also be used in all future Velaro trains.
A white - turquoise - grey colour scheme has been selected for the livery of the TCDD HT80000 high-speed train sets, instead of the traditional white - red - dark blue colour scheme used on the TCDD HT65000 high-speed train sets.
The appearance of the TCDD HT80000 is closer to that of the '2nd generation' Velaro trains (e.g. Eurostar E320) as opposed to the look of older Velaros like the ICE 3M, that have the lights closer to the coupler, as opposed to the newer position against the windscreen surrounds, although if you look more closely this is the fourth stage of evolution which can be seen on the outside with the new Velaro. The door windows are larger, square windows, as opposed to the airplane style oval windows on older Velaro models. All electrical equipment is covered, that also enhances aerodynamics.
Each eight-car, 200m set has 32 axles, of which 16 are driven. This gives the following wheel arrangement:
All trains are fitted with ETCS. Siemens gained data on aerodynamics from Germany, China, Spain and Russia. A high roof from the middle portion of the end car was introduced as it reduces sonic boom in tunnels, improves the driving friction and reduces exterior noise. Further aerodynamic improvements to the nose and spoiler means reduced CO2 emissions of 14 g/passenger-km. In comparison, the average CO2 emission of an aircraft with the same payload is 136 g/passenger-km.
As the first set was originally destined for DB, it differs from the rest of the series at some points. First, this set can reach a maximum speed of 320 km/h contrary to 300 km/h for the following sets. The electric system will also be different. While Velaro D can run under four different voltage systems (15 kV, 16,7 Hz AC / 25 kV, 50 Hz AC & 1.5 kV DC/ 3 kV DC), Velaro TR is a pure 25 kV, 50 Hz AC system vehicle. Finally, the interior and number of seats also varies.
The first set has a total capacity of 460 places (333 in Economy class, 111 in First class and 16 for bistro). The second set has a bit different configuration: 45 places in First class, 424 places in Economy class, 2 places for disabled passengers, a Business class with 3 compartments of 4 seats (12 places) and a bistro with 36 places for a total capacity of 519 places. First class seats have also a personal media screen The rest of the series is expected to have the same capacity.
- "Velaro Turkey: High-Speed Train for TCDD" (PDF). Siemens Mobility. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
- "Tender for HST Sets Cancelled. Now What?". Rail Turkey. Missing or empty
- "TCDD'nin 10 Adet Yüksek Hızlı Tren Alımı İhalesi Gerçekleşti". RayHaber. Retrieved 7 April 2017.
- "First Siemens Velaro en route to Turkey". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
- "Çok Yüksek Hızlı Tren Setlerinin İkincisi Geldi". TCDD. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- TCDD's first Siemens Velaro train set at the Ankara Central Station Archived 2016-10-13 at the Wayback Machine
- TCDD advertisement with Siemens Velaro
- "New Siemens sets on service". Rail Turkey. Retrieved 7 April 2017.
- "Turkey train crash: Several killed in high-speed train collision". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
- "Here Comes New High Speed Train of Turkey". Rail Turkey. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
- "Siemens Velaro Started Service on Ankara-Konya Line". Rail Turkey. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
- "Here is the new luxury high speed train of Turkey". Rail Turkey. Retrieved 7 April 2017.
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