Syrian diaspora

Syrian diaspora refers to Syrian migrants and their descendants who, whether by choice or coercion, emigrated from Syria and now reside in other countries as either immigrants or refugees of the Syrian Civil War.

Syrian diaspora
Total population
From 8 to possibly 15 million[1]
Syrian Arabic, Brazilian Portuguese, Spanish, French, English, German, Swedish, Finnish, Turkish
Islam, Christianity, Druze, Syrian Jews

The number of Syrians outside Syria are estimated to be from 8 to possibly 13 million, nearly half of the country's population.[2]:1 The UNHCR reports that 4.9 million global refugees in 2015 were Syrian nationals.[3] Under the current Syrian nationality law, diaspora Syrians do not have an automatic right of return to Syria and under the controversial 2018 "Absentees law" the Assad government confiscated property of millions of Syrians.[4][5]

Syrian populations in the diaspora

Country Estimate Upper Estimate Region Country article in English Wikipedia
 Brazil 1,000,000 according to a research conducted by IBGE in 2008, covering only the states of Amazonas, Paraíba, São Paulo, Rio Grande do Sul, Mato Grosso and Distrito Federal, 0.9% of caucasoid Brazilian respondents said they had family origins in the Middle East[6] 4,000,000 (Brazilian government)[7] Latin America Syrian Brazilian
 Turkey 3,611,834 registered (December 2018)[8] Middle East Syrians in Turkey
 Lebanon 950,334 registered (December 2018)[9] Middle East Syrians in Lebanon
 Jordan 671,148 registered (December 2018)[10] 1,400,000 estimated (ِAugust 2015)[11] Middle East Syrians in Jordan
 Germany 767.296 (People holding Syrian citizenship as of 30.06.2019)[12] European Union Syrians in Germany
 Argentina 500,000 1,000,000 Latin America Syrian Argentine
 Saudi Arabia 500,000-2,500,000[13][14] Middle East Syrians in Saudi Arabia
 Iraq 252,772 estimated (December 2018)[15] Middle East
 United Arab Emirates >250,000 estimated (2016)[16][17] Middle East Syrians in the United Arab Emirates
 United States 187,331 (by ancestry, 2016 U.S Census Bureau) [18] North America Syrian American
 Sweden 166,108 (2016–17)[19][20][21][22] European Union Syrians in Sweden
 Egypt 132,553 estimated (December 2018)[23] North Africa and Middle East
 Kuwait 120,000 estimated (2015)[24] Middle East Syrians in Kuwait
 Greece 88,204 (2015)[25] European Union Syrians in Greece
 Canada 77,050 (by ancestry, 2016 Census)[26] North America Syrian Canadian
 Austria 18,000 (2015)[27][28] European Union Syrians in Austria
 Venezuela 15,632 (Syrian-born resident, 2015)[29] 1,000,000 Venezuelans of Syrian descent[30][31][32][33] Latin America Syrian Venezuelan
 Australia 13,517 (by ancestry, 2011)[34] Oceania Syrian Australians
 Algeria 10,000[35] (Jan 2013) 25,000 estimated[35] (Jan 2013) North Africa
 Finland 6,000 (2015)[36] European Union Syrians in Finland

See also


  1. Singh, Shubha. "Like India, Syria has a large diaspora (With stories on Syrian president's visit)". Theindian News. Archived from the original on 16 October 2014. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
  2. Ferris, Elizabeth; Kerisci, Kemal (2016). The Consequences of Chaos: Syria's Humanitarian Crisis and the Failure to Protect. Washington: Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 9780815729525. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
  3. Refugees, United Nations High Commissioner for. "Figures at a Glance". UNHCR. UNHCR. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
  4. "Syria: 'Absentees law' could see millions of refugees lose lands | Syria News | Al Jazeera".
  5. "Syria: Residents Blocked From Returning | Human Rights Watch". 2018-10-16.
  6. IBGE. IBGE: Características Étnico-Raciais da População.
  7. "Syrian Arabic Republic".
  8. "UNHCR Syria Regional Refugee Response/ Turkey". UNHCR. 31 December 2015. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  9. "UNHCR Syria Regional Refugee Response/ Lebanon". UNHCR. 10 December 2015. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  10. "UNHCR Syria Regional Refugee Response/ Jordan". UNHCR. 10 December 2015. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  11. ""الغذاء العالمي" يوقف مساعدة لاجئين سوريين في الأردن". Al-Araby Al-Jadeed. 4 September 2015. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  12. "So viele Syrer leben derzeit in Deutschland". Business Insider. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
  13. Doanvo, Anhvinh (23 September 2015). "Western Media's Miscount of Saudi Arabia's Syrian Refugees". Huffington Post.
  14. "Syria's Refugees Feel More Welcome in Europe Than in the Gulf". September 4, 2015.
  15. "UNHCR Syria Regional Refugee Response/ Iraq". UNHCR. 28 February 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  16. AP. "UAE home to 242,000 Syrians".
  17. "The UAE is going to start taking in Syrian refugees - What's On Dubai". 29 September 2016.
  18. "SELECTED POPULATION PROFILE IN THE UNITED STATES 2016 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". American FactFinder. U.S Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  19. "Var femte asylsökande kom från Syrien". Statistics Sweden. Archived from the original on 14 August 2014. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  20. "Antalet asylsökande från Syrien har fördubblats". Statistics Sweden. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  21. "Största folkökningen någonsin". Statistics Sweden. Archived from the original on 25 March 2015. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  22. "Stor ökning av ensamkommande flyktingbarn". Statistics Sweden. Archived from the original on 22 March 2015. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  23. "UNHCR Syria Regional Refugee Response/ Egypt". UNHCR. 17 March 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  24. "Kuwait extends residency permits for Syrians". UNHCR. 2 September 2015. Archived from the original on 28 June 2017. Retrieved 10 September 2015.
  25. Bouras, Stelios (2 September 2015). "Financially Strapped Greece Struggles With Flood of Refugees/". WSJ. Retrieved 2 September 2015.
  26. Statistics Canada (2019-02-20). "2016 Ethnic Origin, both sexes, age (total), Canada, 2016 Census – 25% Sample data: Data tables". Retrieved December 7, 2019.
  27. "BMI" (PDF).
  28. STATISTIK AUSTRIA. "Bevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeit und Geburtsland". Retrieved 8 August 2015.
  29. "Table 16: Total migrant stock at mid-year by origin and by major area, region, country or area of destination, 2015". United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
  30. Jordan, Levi. "Syria Steps into Latin America". Americas Society Council of the Americas. Retrieved 15 January 2017. Syria hopes will serve as an avenue to attract investment dollars from the one-million-strong community of Venezuelans of Syrian descent
  31. Vasquez, Fidel (October 2010). "Venezuela afianza relaciones con Siria" (in Spanish). Aristobulo Isturiz PSUV. Archived from the original on 16 January 2017. Retrieved 15 January 2017. En Venezuela residen un poco más de 700 mil árabes de origen sirio
  32. Nachawati, Leila (March 2013). "Cómo será recordado Chávez en Siria" (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 January 2017. Se calcula que cerca de un millón de habitantes del país tiene origen sirio, personal o familiar.
  33. Gomez, Diego (Feb 2012). "EL LEVANTE Y AMÉRICA LATINA. UNA BITÁCORA DE LATINOAMÉRICA EN SIRIA, LÍBANO, JORDANIA Y PALESTINA". (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 January 2017. de acuerdo con el Instituto de Estadística de Venezuela, cerca de un millón de venezolanos tienen orígenes sirios y más de 20 mil venezolanos están registrados en el catastro del consulado sudamericano en Damasco.
  34. "The People of Australia – Statistics from the 2011 Census" (PDF). Australian Government. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2015-09-17.
  35. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. "UNHCR - Algeria". Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  36. "Why Finland May Not Let Some Asylum Seekers Stay, Despite Needing Them".
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