Sydney International Exhibition
The Sydney International Exhibition in 1879 was the first World's Fair in the southern hemisphere.
The Sydney International Exhibition
|Name||Sydney International Exhibition|
|Area||6.1 hectares (15 acres)|
|Country||New South Wales|
|Opening||17 September 1879|
|Closure||20 April 1880|
|Previous||Exposition Universelle (1878) in Paris|
|Next||Melbourne International Exhibition (1880) in Melbourne|
After being granted self-governance during the 1850s the Australian colonies, Victoria and New South Wales, saw a steady economic growth as result of the discovery and exploitation of gold reserves. After 20 years proposals were made for organizing an exhibition modelled on the great exhibitions of Europe, with an aim to promote commerce and industry, along with art, science and education. In 1879 Melbourne filed a plan to the Parliament. However, Sydney wanted to be the first and managed to organize an exhibition in record time.
The Sydney International Exhibition opened in the autumn of 1879, but it wasn't really universal and therefore not officially recognized by the Bureau of International Expositions. Melbourne decided to start their exhibition shortly after the one in Sydney, so the participants could transport their exhibits during the winter of 1880. After the exhibitions many of the exhibits were selected to be at display in the Technological, Industrial and Sanitary Museum (now the Powerhouse Museum). The Garden Palace itself was used by the government until a fire destroyed the building in 1882.
- "Sydney International Exhibition 1879". Powerhouse Museum. 17 September 2009. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- Mattie, Eric (1998). Weltausstellungen (in German). Stuttgart/Zürich: Belser Verlag. p. 54. ISBN 3-7630-2358-5.
- "The 1879 Sydney International Exhibition". Powerhouse Museum. Retrieved 20 June 2016.