Swiss Cottage is a district of the London Borough of Camden in England. It is part of Hampstead and is centred on the junction of Avenue Road and Finchley Road, at the tripoint of the postcodes of Hampstead NW3, Kilburn/West Hampstead NW6 and St Johns Wood NW8. Swiss Cottage is 3.25 miles (5.23 km) north-northwest of Charing Cross. It is the location of Swiss Cottage tube station.
The current Ye Olde Swiss Cottage public house (2007)
|OS grid reference||TQ266842|
|• Charing Cross||3.25 mi (5.2 km) SSE|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||NW3, NW6, NW8|
According to the Dictionary of London Place Names (2001), the district is named after an inn called The Swiss Tavern that was built in 1804 in the style of a Swiss chalet on the site of a former tollgate keeper's cottage, and later renamed Swiss Inn and in the early 20th century Swiss Cottage.
The district formed part of the ancient parish of Hampstead. It developed following the Finchley Road Act 1826, which authorised construction of Finchley New Road and Avenue Road, with The Swiss Tavern built at the junction of the new roads. The neighbourhood around Finchley Road and Avenue Road was redeveloped in 1937 and 1938 with the opening of an Odeon cinema and the Regency Lodge flats. After World War II, local authority housing was constructed by the London County Council in the area. Council housing includes the five-tower Chalcots Estate built in the 1960s. On 20 March 2014 a planning application was submitted for a 24-storey tower to be built next to Swiss Cottage tube station. The application was rejected by Camden Council on 11 September 2014 following mass local protests.
Swiss Cottage is in the Hampstead and Kilburn constituency, formed at the 2010 general election. It was formerly in the Hampstead and Highgate constituency, for which the MP was Glenda Jackson. It forms part of the Barnet and Camden London Assembly constituency. There is a Swiss Cottage electoral ward, electing councillors to Camden London Borough Council.
Swiss Cottage is located 3.25 miles (5.23 km) north-northwest of Charing Cross. Adjoining neighbourhoods include Hampstead Village to the northeast, Chalk Farm and Camden Town to the southeast, Belsize Park to the east, St John's Wood to the south and West Hampstead to the west. Regent's Park is within walking distance of Swiss Cottage (about 1.4 km).
According to the 2011 census, Swiss Cottage had a population of 12,900. 67% of the Swiss Cottage ward population was white (40% British, 25% Other, 2% Irish). 7% was Other Asian and 5% Indian. 33% were Christians, 24% irreligious, 11% Jewish and 10% Muslim.
Swiss Cottage/Finchley Road is identified as a district centre in the London Plan and there are assorted shops the length of the Finchley Road. Local major hotels include Marriott Regents Park, Danubius Regents Park and Hampstead Britannia Hotel. There are many smaller hotels in the area. Notable restaurants that include European, South-East Asian and Japanese cuisine.
The area is served by Swiss Cottage and Finchley Road tube stations on the Jubilee line of the London Underground and is a local hub for London Buses. The former Swiss Cottage station was opened by the Metropolitan Railway in 1868; the current station dates from 1939. South Hampstead railway station and Finchley Road & Frognal railway station on London Overground are also nearby.
Local bus routes are:
- 13 – North Finchley to Victoria Station (24 hour daily) via Finchley Road, Marble Arch and Park Lane
- 113 – Edgware to Oxford Circus via Finchley Road
- 46 – St Bartholomew's Hospital to Lancaster Gate via King's Cross, Hampstead Village, Maida Vale, and Paddington
- 31 – White City to Camden Town via Holland Park, Notting Hill Gate, Kilburn and Primrose Hill
- C11 – Brent Cross Shopping Centre to Archway via West Hampstead, Belsize Park, and Parliament Hill
- 268 – Golders Green to Finchley Road via Hampstead Village and Belsize Park
- 603 – Muswell Hill to terminate at Swiss Cottage via Hampstead Heath (school days only)
- 187 – Finchley Road to Central Middlesex Hospital via Maida Vale, Queen's Park, Harlesden, and Park Royal
- 13 – North Finchley to Victoria Station (24 hour Daily)
- N28 – Wandsworth to Camden Town via Kilburn, Notting Hill Gate, and Fulham.
- N31 – Clapham Junction to Camden Town via Kilburn, Notting Hill Gate, and Chelsea.
- N113 – Edgware to Trafalgar Square via Hendon Way, Finchley Road, and Oxford Street.
Swiss Cottage is a cultural centre within Camden and north west London. Local amenities include an Odeon IMAX Cinema, Sir Basil Spence's Grade II-listed Swiss Cottage Central Library and the Hampstead Theatre. Swiss Cottage is the location of the Royal Central School of Speech and Drama, resident at the Embassy Theatre on Eton Avenue. Swiss Cottage Leisure Centre reopened in early 2006 after redevelopment; it now has two swimming pools, a gym and a climbing wall. Many of the area's cityscapes and London street scenes, particularly of Swiss Cottage, Adamson Road, Eton Avenue and Belsize Park were represented by the Camden Town Group painter Robert Bevan and his wife, the Polish painter Stanisława de Karłowska. They lived at 14 Adamson Road and are commemorated with an English Heritage Blue Plaque.
- Mills, A.D. (2001). Dictionary of London Place Names. Oxford. pp. 222–223.
- 'Hampstead: St. John’s Wood', A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9: Hampstead, Paddington (1989), pp. 60–63.
- "Chalcots Estate". Emporis. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
- "LETTERS: Tower block views… | Camden New Journal". www.camdennewjournal.com. 27 March 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
- Paul Wright (28 March 2014). "Anger over plans for 24-storey tower at Ham&High office site in Avenue Road, Swiss Cottage". Hampstead Highgate Express.
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- "Camden Council: Elsworthy conservation area appraisal and management strategy". camden.gov.uk.
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- "The London Plan" (PDF). london.gov.uk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 August 2012.
- Transport for London – Buses from Swiss Cottage
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- Shaping Places in London through Culture Archived 23 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine