Sverdrup Island (Kara Sea)
|Native name: |
Location of Sverdrup Island in the Kara Sea
|Area||70 km2 (27 sq mi)|
|Length||15 km (9.3 mi)|
|Width||10 km (6 mi)|
|Highest elevation||33 m (108 ft)|
|Okrug||Taymyr Autonomous Okrug|
The island is located 120 km north of Dikson on the Siberian coast. The nearest land mass is the Arkticheskiy Institut Islands, about 90 km to the northeast. The island has a wide bay opening towards the west. Its length is 15 km and its maximum width 10 km.
The sea surrounding Sverdrup Island is covered with pack ice with some polynias in the long winter and there are many ice floes even in the summer.
Flora and fauna
The island is part of the Great Arctic State Nature Reserve – the largest nature reserve of Russia and one of the biggest in the world.
- pp. 154–157 Fridtjof Nansen: Farthest North. vol 1, Harper & Bros. New York & London 1897
- Dolgano-Nenetskiy Location
- P.S. Tomkovich (1998). "Breeding conditions for waders in Russian tundras in 1993" (PDF). Int. Wader Studies. 10: 124–131.
- Nature Reserve. bigarctic.ru