Sussex (UK Parliament constituency)

Sussex was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832. It was represented by two Knights of the Shire, elected by the bloc vote system.

Sussex
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
CountySussex
1290–1832
Number of membersTwo
Replaced byEast Sussex and West Sussex

Under the Reform Act 1832 the constituency was split into two two-member divisions, for Parliamentary purposes, at the 1832 general election. The county was then represented by the East Sussex and West Sussex divisions.

Boundaries

The constituency comprised the whole historic county of Sussex. (Although Sussex contained nine boroughsArundel, Bramber, Chichester, East Grinstead, Horsham, Lewes, Midhurst, New Shoreham and Steyning – and four Cinque PortsHastings, Rye, Seaford and Winchelsea – each of which elected two MPs in their own right, these were not excluded from the county constituency, and owning property within the boroughs or ports could confer a vote at the county election.)

Members of Parliament

Two Members

1290–1660

ParliamentFirst memberSecond member
1334Roger Hussey
1344Roger Hussey
1351Andrew Peverell
1353Andrew Peverell
1356Andrew Peverell
1361Andrew Peverell
1366Andrew Peverell
1373Andrew Peverell
1377 (Oct)Nicholas Wilcombe
1378Sir Edmund FitzHerbert
1380 (Nov)Sir William Waleys
1381Sir Edmund FitzHerbert
1382 (May)Sir Edmund FitzHerbert
1382 (Oct)Sir William WaleysSir Edmund FitzHerbert
1383 (Feb)Sir William Waleys
1386Sir Edmund FitzHerbertSir Edward Dallingridge [1]
1388 (Feb)Sir William WaleysSir Edward Dallingridge [1]
1388 (Sep)Nicholas WilcombeRobert Ore [1]
1390 (Jan)Sir William PercyThomas Jardyn [1]
1390 (Nov)Sir William PercySir William Waleys [1]
1391Sir William PercyRobert Tauk [1]
1393Sir William PercyJohn Broke [1]
1394Sir William PercySir Thomas Sackville II [1]
1395Hugh QueccheSir Thomas Sackville [1]
1397 (Jan)Sir William PercyJohn Ashburnham [1]
1397 (Sep)Sir Thomas Sackville IIJohn Ashburnham [1]
1399John PelhamJohn Preston [1]
1401Sir John PelhamSir Henry Hussey [1]
1402Sir John DallingridgeSir Henry Hussey [1]
1404 (Jan)Sir John PelhamRobert Lewknor [1]
1404 (Oct)Sir John DallingridgeSir John Pelham [1]
1406Sir John DallingridgeSir John Pelham [1]
1407Sir John DallingridgeSir John Pelham [1]
1410
1411
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May)Richard WayvilleRichard Wakehurst[1]
1414 (Apr)William BramshottThomas St. Cler[1]
1414 (Nov)Richard WayvilleJohn Babelake[1]
1415Richard StyuecleWilliam Weston II[1]
1416 (Mar)Richard StyuecleSir Roger Fiennes[1]
1416 (Oct)
1417John HalleRichard Styuecle[1]
1419Richard BanneburyRichard Bitterley[1]
1420William RymanRalph Rademylde[1]
1421 (May)William RymanJohn Halle[1]
1421 (Dec)Ralph RademyldeRichard Bitterley[1]
1442Sir Roger Fiennes
1445Sir Roger Fiennes
1449John Wood [2]
1450Robert Poynings
1456Nicholas Hussey
1483John Wood
1491Sir David Owen [3]
1495Edmund Dudley
1510–1523No names known[4]
1529Sir John GageSir Richard Shirley [4]
1536
1539Sir John GageSir William Goring [4]
1542?Sir John Gage? [4]
1545?Sir John Gage? [4]
1547Sir William GoringJohn Palmer [4]
1553 (Mar)?Sir Richard Sackville? [4]
1553 (Oct)John CaryllJohn Covert [4]
1554 (Apr)Sir Robert OxenbridgeSir Thomas Palmer [4]
1554 (Nov)John CovertJohn Ashburnham II [4]
1555Sir Robert OxenbridgeJohn Caryll [4]
1558Sir Nicholas PelhamSir Robert Oxenbridge [4]
1559 (Jan)Sir Richard SackvilleJohn Caryll[5]
1562/3Sir Richard Sackville, died
and replaced 1566 by
John Apsley
William Dawtrey [5]
1571John PelhamThomas Palmer [5]
1572John Jeffrey, died
and replaced Jan 1581 by
Walter Covert
Thomas Shirley [5]
1584Robert SackvilleSir Thomas Shirley [5]
1586Walter CovertThomas Pelham [5]
1588 (Oct)Sir Thomas PalmerHenry Neville [5]
1593Robert SackvilleSir Thomas Shirley [5]
1597 (Sep)Robert SackvilleSir Nicholas Parker [5]
1601Robert SackvilleCharles Howard [5]
1604Robert Sackville[
1609Henry Carey
1614Sir Walter CovertSampson Lennard
1621Sir Edward SackvilleChristopher Neville
1624Algernon Lord PeircyThomas Pelham
1625Sir Thomas Pelham, 2nd BaronetSir John Shurley
1626Sir Walter CovertSir Alexander Temple
1628Sir William Goring, 1st BaronetRichard Lewknor
1629–1640No Parliaments summoned
1640 (Apr)Sir Thomas Pelham BtAnthony Stapley
1640 (Nov)Sir Thomas Pelham BtAnthony Stapley
1645Sir Thomas Pelham BtAnthony Stapley
1648Anthony StapleyOne seat only
1653Anthony StapleyWilliam Spence
Nathaniel Studeley
1654Herbert MorleySir Thomas Pelham, 2nd Baronet
Anthony Stapley
John Stapley
John Fagg
William Hay
John Pelham
Francis Lord Dacres
Herbert Springet
1656Herbert MorleyJohn Pelham
John Fagg
John Stapley
Anthony Shirley
George Courthope
Sir Thomas Rivers, 2nd Baronet
Sir Thomas Parker
Samuel Gott
1659Herbert MorleyJohn Fagg

1640–1832

YearFirst memberFirst partySecond memberSecond party
1660 Sir John Pelham, Bt Henry Goring
1661 John Ashburnham
1667 Sir William Morley
February 1679 John Lewknor
August 1679 Sir Nicholas Pelham
1681 Sir William Thomas, Bt Sir John Fagg, Bt
1685 Sir Henry Goring, Bt Sir Thomas Dyke, Bt
1689 Sir John Pelham, Bt Sir William Thomas, Bt
1698 Robert Orme
January 1701 Henry Lumley John Miller
December 1701 Sir William Thomas, Bt Sir Henry PeacheyWhig
1702 Sir Thomas Pelham, BtWhig Henry Lumley
1705 John Morley Trevor Sir George Parker, Bt
1708 Sir Henry Peachey, BtWhig Peter Gott
1710 Charles EversfieldTory Sir George Parker, Bt
1713 Henry Campion John Fuller
1715 James Butler Hon. Spencer ComptonWhig
1722 Hon. Henry PelhamWhig
1728 James ButlerWhig
1742 Earl of Middlesex
1747 John Butler
1754 Thomas PelhamWhig
1767 Lord George Henry LennoxRockingham Whig
1768 Richard Harcourt
1774 Sir Thomas Spencer Wilson
1780 Thomas PelhamWhig
1790 Charles LennoxTory
1795 Pittite
1801 John 'Mad Jack' FullerTory
1807 Charles William Wyndham
1812 Sir Godfrey Webster, BtTory Walter BurrellTory
1820 Edward Jeremiah Curteis
1830 Herbert Barrett CurteisTory
1831 Lord John LennoxWhig
1832Constituency divided into East and West Sussex.

Elections

The county franchise, from 1430, was held by the adult male owners of freehold land valued at 40 shillings or more. Each elector had as many votes as there were seats to be filled. Votes had to be cast by a spoken declaration, in public, at the hustings, which took place in the county town of Chichester. The expense and difficulty of voting at only one location in the county, together with the lack of a secret ballot contributed to the corruption and intimidation of electors, which was widespread in the unreformed British political system.

The expense, to candidates, of contested elections encouraged the leading families of the county to agree on the candidates to be returned unopposed whenever possible. Contested county elections were therefore unusual.

See also

References

Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 1)

  1. "History of Parliament". Retrieved 16 September 2011.
  2. "Wood, Sir John, speaker of the House of commons". Oxford DNB. Retrieved 1 December 2011.
  3. Cavill. The English Parliaments of Henry VII 1485–1504.
  4. "History of Parliament". Retrieved 16 September 2011.
  5. "History of Parliament". Retrieved 16 September 2011.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Vacant
since 1742
Title last held by
King's Lynn
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1743–1754
Vacant
until 1763
Title next held by
Buckingham
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