Susa, Piedmont

Susa (Latin: Segusio, French: Suse, Arpitan: Suisa) is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Turin, Piedmont, Italy. In the middle of Susa Valley, it is situated on at the confluence of the Cenischia with the Dora Riparia, a tributary of the Po River, at the foot of the Cottian Alps, 51 km (32 mi) west of Turin.

Susa
Città di Susa

Coat of arms
Location of Susa
Susa
Location of Susa in Italy
Susa
Susa (Piedmont)
Coordinates: 45°08′N 07°03′E
CountryItaly
RegionPiedmont
Metropolitan cityTurin (TO)
FrazioniBraide, Coldimosso, Cordera, Crotte, Foresto, Garelli, Polveriera, Pradonio, San Giacomo, San Giuliano, Traduerivi
Government
  MayorSandro Plano
Area
  Total10.99 km2 (4.24 sq mi)
Elevation
503 m (1,650 ft)
Population
 (1-1-2018)[2]
  Total6,340
  Density580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Segusini
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
10059
Dialing code0122
Patron saintSt. Mary of the Snow
Saint dayAugust 5
WebsiteOfficial website

History

Susa (Latin: Segusio) was founded by the Gauls. In the late 1st century BC it became voluntarily part of the Roman Empire. Remains of the Roman city have been found in the excavations of the central square, the Piazza Savoia. Susa was the capital of the province of Alpes Cottiae . According to the medieval historian Rodulfus Glaber, Susa was "the oldest of Alpine towns".

In the Middle and Modern ages Susa remained important as a hub of roads connecting southern France to Italy. Taking part of the county or march of Turin (sometimes "march of Susa"). Henry of Segusio, usually called Hostiensis, (c. 1200 – 1271) an Italian canonist of the thirteenth century, was born in the city. During the Napoleonic era a new road, the Via Napoleonica, was built. The city's role as a communications hub has been confirmed recently by a nationwide dispute over the construction of the proposed Turin-Lyon high-speed rail link (TAV) to France.

Main sights

  • Susa Cathedral (Italian: Cattedrale di San Giusto) (1029).
  • The triumphal Arch of Augustus, erected by a Romanized Sugusian chief to Augustus in 8 BC.
  • The Roman Amphitheater.
  • Castle of Marquise Adelaide. It is likely located in the same site of the ancient Roman Praetorium.
  • Archaeological area of Piazza Savoia.

Twin cities

See also

Sources

  • Bertrand, E., R. Talbert, T. Elliott, S. Gillies. "Places: 167919 (Segusio)". Pleiades. Retrieved March 8, 2012.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)



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