Surveyor of Marine Victuals
The Surveyor of Marine Victuals later known as the General-Surveyor of Victuals was a civilian officer in the Royal Navy who was a former member of the Navy Board from 1550 until 1679, he was responsible for managing the supply of food, beverages and other provisions for the Royal Navy the office was replaced by the Victualling Board in 1683. The General-Surveyor was based at the Navy Office
|Office of the Surveyor of Marine Victuals|
Navy Board Flag
|Department of the Admiralty|
|Member of||Navy Board (1550–1679)|
|Reports to||Senior Commissioner Navy Board|
|Nominator||Lord High Admiral of England|
|Appointer||Lord High Admiral of England|
Subject to formal approval by the King-in-Council
|Term length||Not fixed (usually for life)|
|Inaugural holder||Edward Baeshe|
The post evolved from a much early official known as the Keeper of the Kings Storehouses the office was formally established in 1550 the post holder was also known as the Surveyor-General of Victuals who was a principal member of the Navy Board, with the exception of Edward Baeshe the first Surveyor of Navy Victuals until 1560 the office was always held jointly for life by two men if one died the surviving office holder would temporarily hold the post until a new appointee was announced. The Surveyor was head of the Marine Victuals Office within the Office of Admiralty and Marine Affairs and the victualling service of the Navy until 1679 when the office is abolished and replaced by a larger body known as the Victualling Board in 1683 run jointly by commissioners.
The Surveyor of Victuals was officially responsible for:
- Administration of the Victualling Stores, Chatham Dockyard
- Administration of the Victualling Stores, Deptford Dockyard
- Administration of the Victualling Stores, Erith Dockyard
- Administration of the Victualling Stores, Portsmouth Dockyard
- Administration of the Victualling Stores, Plymouth Dockyard
- Administration of the Victualling Stores, Woolwich Dockyard
- Supplying of all food and beverages to the Royal Navy, its crews and vessels
List of surveyors of navy victuals
- Edward Baeshe, 18 June 1550 – 24 December 1560.
- Edward Baeshe and William Holstocke, 24 December 1560 – 29 October 1563, (jointly)
- Edward Baeshe and John Elyot, 30 October 1563 – 26 November 1582, (jointly).
- Edward Baeshe, sole survivor, to 26 Nov.1582.
- Edward Baeshe and James Quarles, 27 November 1582 – 2 May 1587, (jointly).
- James Quarles sole survivor, to 7 Nov.1595.
- Charles Quarles and Marmaduke Darrell, 8 November 1595 – 24 September 1599, (jointly).
- Marmaduke Darrell sole survivor, to 8 November 1595.
- Sir Marmaduke Darrell, and Thomas Bludder 24 July 1603 – 30 3 July 1603, (jointly).
- Sir Marmaduke Darrell, and Sir Thomas Bludder, Kt. 4 July 1604 – 30 January 1612, jointly).
- Sir Marmaduke Darrell, and Sir Allen Apsley, 31 January 1612 – 8 January 1623, (jointly).
- Sir Allen Apsley, and Sir Sampson Darrell, 8 January 1623 – 24 May 1630, (jointly).
- Sir Sampson Darrell, sole survivor, to 23 May 1635.
Post vacant till 27 November 1635
- Ehrman, John (Feb 2, 2012). The Navy in the War of William III 1689-1697: Its State and Direction. Cambridge University Press. p. 181. ISBN 9781107645110.
- Knighton, C. S.; Loades, David (Apr 29, 2016). Elizabethan Naval Administration. Routledge. pp. 7–9. ISBN 9781317145035.
- Hamilton, Sir Vesey (1896). "Chapter VI: The Director of Victualling". Naval Administration.
- Knighton, C. S.; Loades, David; Loades, Professor of History David (Apr 29, 2016). Elizabethan Naval Administration. Routledge. p. 8. ISBN 9781317145035.
- Sainty, J.C. "Surveyor of Marine Victuals 1550-c. 1679 , Institute of Historical Research". history.ac.uk. University of London, 2003. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
- Ferris, John P.; Thrush, Andrew. "QUARLES, Sir Robert (1581-1639), of Stewards, Romford, Essex , History of Parliament Online, CUP, The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1604-1629,". historyofparliamentonline.org. British Parliament, 2017. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
- Edward Bashe dies 1587
- Quarles dies 1599
- Darrel is knighted 24 July 1603
- Bludder is knighted 1604
- Bludder dies 1612
- Darrell dies 1623
- "Dabbe-Dirkin', Alumni Oxonienses 1500-1714 (1891)". british-history.ac.uk. pp. 366–405. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
- Apsley dies 1630
- Darell dies 1635
- Crane dismissed by monarch 1660
- Gyford, Phil. "Alderman Sir Denis Gauden (Navy Victualler) (Pepys' Diary)". The Diary of Samuel Pepys. Pepys Dairy, 2003–2012. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
- No further occurrence of post after 1679
- Surveyor of Marine Victuals 1550 – c. 1679. A provisional list compiled by J.C. Sainty, Institute of Historical Research, University of London, January 2003. British History Online http://www.history.ac.uk/publications/office/navymarine [accessed 26 March 2017].