Supreme Court of Tasmania
The Supreme Court of Tasmania is the highest State court in the Australian State of Tasmania. In the Australian court hierarchy, the Supreme Court of Tasmania is in the middle level, with both an appellate jurisdiction over lower courts, and decisions made by Court to be heard on appeal by the High Court of Australia.
|Supreme Court of Tasmania|
Supreme Court of Tasmania building, Hobart
|Established||10 May 1824|
|Composition method||Vice-regal appointment unpon Premier's nomination, following advice of the Attorney General and the Executive Council.|
|Authorized by||Parliament of Tasmania via the Supreme Court Act 1959 (Tas)|
|Appeals to||High Court of Australia|
|Appeals from||Magistrates' Court of Tasmania|
|Judge term length||mandatory retirement by age of 72|
|Number of positions||7|
|Chief Justice of Tasmania|
|Since||8 April 2013|
History of the Court
The Supreme Court of Van Diemen's Land (as Tasmania was then known) was established by The Royal Letters Patent of 13 October 1823 and commenced activities on 10 May 1824. The Court is the oldest Supreme Court in Australia and predates the Supreme Court of New South Wales, if only by a period of just ten days. The supreme courts of Tasmania and New South Wales were initiated through the New South Wales Act 1823, and this gave those courts jurisdiction over New Zealand. Sir John Pedder, after whom Lake Pedder is named, was the first Chief Justice of the court.
The first counsel to appear before the Court was Joseph Tice Gellibrand, who was appointed Tasmania's first Attorney-General, and took his oaths on the first day of the new Court. The first case before the Court was the trial of William Tibbs, who was found guilty and sentenced for manslaughter, receiving 3 years transportation.
Jurisdiction of the Court
It has unlimited jurisdiction within the state in civil matters and hears the most serious criminal matters. It is around the middle of the Australian court hierarchy. The Supreme Court consists of a Trial Division (also known as Original Jurisdiction) and an Appeal Division (or Appellate Jurisdiction). When sitting in its appellate jurisdiction in civil matters it is the "Full Court"; for criminal matters it is the "Tasmanian Court of Criminal Appeal".
Appeals from the Appeal Division of the Court are to the High Court of Australia. It was previously possible to appeal decisions of the Court of Appeal or the Court of Criminal Appeal (both parts of the Appeal Division) to the British Privy Council, but this ceased in 1986 when the Parliament of Australia passed the Australia Act 1986, which barred all such appeals to the Privy Council from Australian courts.
Civil matters involving consent orders, or for disputes involving less than $50,000, are dealt with by the Magistrates Court except in exceptional circumstances.
The Court receives appeals from Magistrate Courts in Tasmania in both criminal and civil matters. Committal proceedings, which are used in criminal matters to establish whether there is sufficient evidence against an accused person to warrant the time and expense of a trial, were abolished in Tasmania in 2000 with the amendment of the Justices Act 1959 (Tas). The Justices Act 1959 now provides that where there has been a plea of not guilty by an accused, there must be an order committing them for trial in the Supreme Court.
Composition of the Court
The Supreme Court of Tasmania is composed of up to seven judges appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Executive Council, a body of senior ministers including the state Premier. As of 19 December 2017 the judges of the Supreme Court of Tasmania are:
|Term in office||Comments||Notes|
|Chief Justice||Alan Blow||8 April 2013||6 years, 251 days|
|Judge||Alan Blow||13 June 2000||19 years, 185 days|
|Helen Wood||9 November 2009||10 years, 36 days|
|Stephen Estcourt||8 April 2013||6 years, 251 days|
|Robert Pearce||11 June 2013||6 years, 187 days|
|Michael Brett||11 July 2016||3 years, 157 days|
|Gregory Geason||16 November 2017||2 years, 29 days|
|Master / Associate Judge||Stephen Holt||6 September 1999||20 years, 100 days|
The Associate Judge, a lower-ranking judicial officer previously called the Master, has responsibility for largely procedural matters in civil and criminal proceedings, and for some work in assessing the damages (amounts claimable) in civil proceedings.
- On 1 March 2008 the title "Master" was changed to "Associate Judge"
- Supreme Court History – Charter of Justice, Supreme Court of Tasmania
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. p. 16. OCLC 154283103.
- R v Tibbs  TASSupC 1 (24 May 1824), Supreme Court (Van Diemen's Land).
- Supreme Court – Jurisdiction, Supreme Court of Tasmania
- "Supreme Court : Judgments". Supreme Court of Tasmania. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
- Annual Report 2007–2008, page 23, Supreme Court of Tasmania
- "The Chief Justices of Tasmania". Supreme Court of Tasmania. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
- "Current judges". Supreme Court of Tasmania. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
- "Masters". Supreme Court of Tasmania. Retrieved 5 March 2019.