Sun Picture Gardens
The Sun Picture Gardens (also known as Sun Pictures) is the world's oldest picture gardens still in operation. It is located in Broome, Western Australia. Unlike most outdoor cinemas, it screens multiple films per night; the majority of outdoor cinemas screen one or two films a week.
|Sun Picture Gardens|
The facade of the building in 2018
|Location||8 Carnarvon Street|
Broome WA 6725
|Type||State Registered Place|
|Designated||9 Feb 1996|
Location of Sun Picture Gardens in Western Australia
After Broome was established, a Chinatown area emerged after the town became home to a large Asian population. The Yamsaki family opened a store on Carnarvon Street in 1903, selling Asian clothing, food stuffs and other Asian goods. Their love of theatre eventually led them to devoting part of the building to a Noh theatre. In 1913, the building was purchased by master pearler Ted Hunter, who began converting the store into a cinema.
Silent movie era
Sun Pictures opened on 9 December 1916, with a full house. The first film to be played was a racing drama called Kissing Cup. From this era, a local personality spawned. Known as "Fairy", she became famous for her piano playing. The most played song was "If You Were the Only Girl (In the World)". In 1924, Sun Pictures was purchased by W.H. Milner and Leonard R. Knight; their wives manning the box office and handling public relations.
Sound era and World War Two
In 1933, the cinema was adapted for sound. The first sound film was Monte Carlo. Milner died in 1940, and Knight returned to Perth. Milner's wife continued to run the cinema on her own until Broome was evacuated in 1942, just two days before a Japanese air raid. During or after the evacuation (no one is certain) projection equipment was vandalised. Army officers repaired it and used the cinema for themselves, but had difficulty changing reels, sometimes taking up to forty minutes to do so. During the change over, a record called You Look Like a Monkey When you Grow Old was played over and over until the projector was reloaded.
Almost every night, the cinema would be flooded. Some claimed you could catch a fish during the screening. Most nights, people would leave to find the street outside submerged. Men took this in their stride, carrying women to higher ground, no matter who they were.
Anderson era and racial discrimination
Up until 1967, Europeans who were considered most worthy were seated in the middle of the cinema, with their children up front. Other whites and Asians sat on the left side while "coloured people" were forced to sit on hard wooden benches on the right and enter through a separate door. A boycott began just before anti-discrimination laws were brought in during 1967.
End of tidal flooding and restoration
In 1974, a levy was built to stop tidal flooding, making the cinema more enjoyable. In 1989, the cinema was listed on the Register of the National Estate, meaning that it can only be restored, but not altered in appearance or demolished. In 1995, the cinema was added to the State Register of Heritage Places due to its cultural and historical significance. Marrissa Ferraz bought the cinema in 1997 and began restoring it in 1999. In 2002, an indoor cinema called Sun Cinemas was opened, operating alongside Sun Pictures. In 2004, the cinema entered Guinness World Records for being the "Oldest Open Air Cinema in Operation".
- Mann, Maria; Sun Pictures W.A (1991), Reflections of the sun : a short history of the Sun Picture Gardens : for the people of Broome past and present, Sun Pictures, ISBN 978-0-646-07137-4
- Willis, Ian (2009), "Whither Heritage, the Experience of the Outdoor Movie Theatre", AQ - Australian Quarterly, 81 (6): 35–39, ISSN 1443-3605
- "NORTH-WEST NEWS". Western Mail (Perth, WA : 1885 - 1954). Perth, WA: National Library of Australia. 9 February 1933. p. 38. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
- Considine and Griffiths Architects; Clement, Cathie; Ferraz, Marisa Anne; Sun Pictures W.A; Heritage Council of Western Australia (1999), Sun Pictures, Broome, conservation plan, The Council, retrieved 28 December 2011