Sumy Oblast

Sumy Oblast (Ukrainian: Сумська область, translit. Sums’ka oblast; also referred to as SumshchynaUkrainian: Сумщина) is an oblast (province) in the northeastern part of Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Sumy. Population: 1,113,256(2015 est.)[3]

Sumy Oblast

Сумська область
Sums’ka oblast

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Сумщина (Sumshchyna)
Country Ukraine
Administrative centerSumy
Government
  GovernorVadym Akperov (Acting)[1]
  Oblast council64[2] seats
  ChairpersonVolodymyr Tokar
Area
  Total23,834 km2 (9,202 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 16th
Population
 (2015)
  Total1,113,256
  RankRanked 19th
  Density47/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
Area code+380-54
ISO 3166 codeUA-59
Raions18
Cities (total)15
 Regional cities7
Urban-type settlements20
Villages1492
FIPS 10-4UP21
Websitesorada.gov.ua

Other important cities within the oblast include Konotop, Okhtyrka, Romny, and Shostka.

Geography

The Sumy Oblast is situated in the northeastern part of Ukraine. It is situated on a border of two historical regions of Ukraine — Cossack Hetmanate (annexed by Russia in the 18th century as Little Russia, previously known as Severia) and Sloboda Ukraine. Elevation is 110–240m above sea level.[4] The area of the oblast (23,800 km²), comprises about 3.95% of the total area of the country.

The oblast borders Bryansk Oblast (Russia) on the northeast, Belgorod Oblast and Kursk Oblast (Russia) on the east, Poltava Oblast on the southwest, Kharkiv Oblast on the south, and the Chernihiv Oblast on the west.

Seven main rivers flow through the oblast, with the Desna River the largest.[4]

History

The region was created on the ukase of Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union on 10 January 1939 as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. The newly created Sumy Oblast included 12 former raions of Kharkiv Oblast, 17 former raions of Chernihiv Oblast, and 2 former raions of Poltava Oblast.

During the World War II in 1941–43, it was occupied by the Nazi Germany under administration of the German Wehrmacht. After the German forces were driven out the Soviet Union regained control of the region under jurisdiction of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.

In 1965 one of former Chernihiv Oblast raions (Talalaivka Raion) was returned to Chernihiv Oblast.

Points of interest

The following historic-cultural sited were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

  • Monument to mamonth (Kulishivka)
  • Kruhliy dvir (Round court)
  • Sofroniiv monastery

Administrative divisions

It comprises 18 raions (districts), 15 cities, 7 city municipalities, 20 urban-type settlements, 384 village councils, and 1500 villages.

The following data incorporates the number of each type of administrative divisions of the Sumy Oblast:

  • Administrative Center – 1 (Sumy)
  • Raions – 18;
  • City raions – 2;
  • Settlements – 1526, including:
    • Villages – 1491;
    • Cities/Towns – 35, including:
      • Urban-type settlement – 20;
      • Cities – 15, including:
        • Cities of oblast subordinance – 7;
        • Cities of raion subordinance – 8;
  • Selsovets – 384.

The local administration of the oblast is controlled by the Sumy Oblast council. The governor of the oblast (chairman of state regional administration) is appointed by the President of Ukraine.

NameUkrainian nameArea
(km2)
Population
census 2015[5]
Admin.centerUrban Population Only
SumyСуми (місто)145270,870Sumy (city)267,944
HlukhivГлухів (місто)8434,039Hlukhiv (city)33,828
KonotopКонотоп(місто)10392,069Konotop (city)87,916
LebedynЛебедин (місто)1026,274Lebedyn (city)25,637
OkhtyrkaОхтирка (місто)3048,850Okhtyrka (city)48,657
RomnyРомни (місто)6541,224Romny (city)40,800
ShostkaШостка (місто)3677,232Shostka (city)77,232
Bilopilskyi RaionБілопільський район1,50050,713Bilopillia30,284
Burynskyi RaionБуринський район1,10025,129Buryn8,836
Hlukhivskyi RaionГлухівський район1,70023,223Hlukhiv (city)N/A *
Konotopskyi RaionКонотопський район1,70029,145Konotop (city)N/A *
Krasnopilskyi RaionКраснопільський район1,35028,670Krasnopillia10,339
Krolevetskyi RaionКролевецький район1,30038,496Krolevets23,339
Lebedynskyi RaionЛебединський район1,70019,864Lebedyn (city)N/A *
Lypovodolynskyi RaionЛиповодолинський район90018,851Lypova Dolyna5,191
Nedryhailivskyi RaionНедригайлівський район1,02524,614Nedryhailiv8,680
Okhtyrskyi RaionОхтирський район1,28426,566Okhtyrka (city)N/A*
Putyvlskyi RaionПутивльський район1,10027,913Putyvl15,888
Romenskyi RaionРоменський район1,90033,297Romny (city)N/A*
Seredyno-Buds'kyi RaionСередино-Будський район1,10016,503Seredyna-Buda9,040
Sums'kyi RaionСумський район1,80062,452Sumy (city)N/A*
Trostianetskyi RaionТростянецький район1,06535,246Trostianets20,772
Shostkynskyi RaionШосткинський район1,21120,684Shostka (city)N/A*
Velyko-Pysarivskyi RaionВеликописарівський район83019,210Velyka Pysarivka7,331
Yampilskyi RaionЯмпільський район94423,917Yampil16,109

Note: Asterisks (*) Though the administrative center of the rayon is housed in the city/town that it is named after, cities do not answer to the rayon authorities only towns do; instead they are directly subordinated to the oblast government and therefore are not counted as part of rayon statistics.

Age structure

0-14 years: 12.7% (male 74,529/female 70,521)
15-64 years: 70.8% (male 386,250/female 422,077)
65 years and over: 16.5% (male 60,374/female 127,306) (2013 official)

Median age

total: 42.0 years
male: 38.6 years
female: 45.4 years (2013 official)

Environment

The Sumy Oblast contains 168 objects and territories of natural reserve. The oblast is rich in picturesque banks of numerous rivers, and sources of mineral waters. Major environmental problems are: soil erosion, pesticide pollution, air and water pollution. The city has a problem of garbage utilization. The only place for pesticide utilization in Ukraine is Shostka, Sumy region.

Economy

Industry

The main industrial activities of the oblast are: chemical mechanical engineering, pumping and energy mechanical engineering, agricultural machine-construction, instrument-making industry and radio electronics, technical equipment production for processing fields of agro-industrial complexes, mining and iron ore production industry, polygraph industry and medicine production, oil and gas processing, chemical production, film and photo material production (See: Svema), and chemical fertilizer production. In general, there are 273 large industry enterprises and 327 small industry enterprises.

Agriculture

In 1999, the gross grain yield was about 446,000 tons, sugar beets – 664,000 tons, sunflower seeds – 27,700 tons, potatoes – 343,600 tons. The region also produced 108,700 tons of meat, 517,800 tons of milk and 295,300,000 eggs. At the beginning of 1999, there were 781 registered farms in the oblast.

Notable people from Sumy Oblast

Nomenclature

Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Sumy is the center of the Sums’ka oblast (Sumy Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Sumy Oblast, Sumshchyna.

See also

  • Subdivisions of Ukraine

References

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