Summit (or Summit-Argo) is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States. The population was 11,054 at the 2010 census. The village is arguably best known as the setting to Ernest Hemingway's 1927 short story "The Killers".
|Village of Summit|
Cement silos in Summit
Strength, Unity, Progress
Location of Summit in Cook County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
|Coordinates: 41°47′N 87°49′W|
|• Mayor||Sergio Rodriguez|
|• Total||2.26 sq mi (5.85 km2)|
|• Land||2.12 sq mi (5.49 km2)|
|• Water||0.14 sq mi (0.36 km2)|
|• Density||5,339.31/sq mi (2,061.74/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|Wikimedia Commons||Summit, Illinois|
Summit is located at 41°47′N 87°49′W (41.7885, -87.8139).
According to the 2010 census, Summit has a total area of 2.257 square miles (5.85 km2), of which 2.12 square miles (5.49 km2) (or 93.93%) is land and 0.137 square miles (0.35 km2) (or 6.07%) is water. Most of Summit is in the floodplain of the Des Plaines River.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 10,637 people, 3,356 households, and 2,416 families residing in the village. The population density was 5,008.7 people per square mile (1,937.2/km²). There were 3,552 housing units at an average density of 1,672.6 per square mile (646.9/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 63.31% White, 12.05% African American, 0.30% Native American, 1.41% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 19.64% from other races, and 3.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 48.47% of the population, with Mexican Americans representing 44.3%.
There were 3,356 households out of which 38.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder $32,287 versus $21,628 for females. The per capita income for the village was $14,611. About 12.6% of families and 16.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.5% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.
Business and industry
Ingredion operates a corn milling and processing plant at 65th Street and Archer Avenue, in an area known as Argo. This facility is one of the largest of its kind in the world.
ACH Food Companies, Inc. operates a manufacturing and processing plant here for Mazola corn oil, Karo corn syrup and Argo Baking Powder and Corn Starch.
The Institute for Food Safety and Health (formerly the National Center for Food Safety and Technology) is in Bedford Park, adjacent to the Ingredion facility. It is affiliated with the Illinois Institute of Technology and the Food and Drug Administration's Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
Summit's multimodal transportation network encompasses the following:
- The Stevenson Expressway (Interstate 55) runs through the northwest side of the village.
- The Tri-State Tollway (Interstate 294) is 3 miles (5 km) to the southwest.
- Chicago Midway International Airport is approximately three miles to the east.
- Argo Crossing Rail Junction - Indiana Harbor Belt Railroad/CSX and Canadian National Railway/Union Pacific Railroad – is located along the southwest boundary of the village.
- Summit (Amtrak station) and Metra Heritage Corridor
- Chicago Transit Authority and Pace buses
- Illinois and Michigan Canal
- John Garklāvs, archbishop of the Orthodox Church in America, keeper of the Tikhvin Icon of the Mother of Our God.
- Fred Hampton, Black Panther Party
- Ted Kluszewski, first baseman, member of the Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame
- Clayton Lambert, pitcher for the Reds
- Sheldon Mallory, outfielder for the Oakland Athletics
- Emmett Till, lived in Argo with his mother until he was nine, when they moved to Detroit.
- "Long John" Wentworth, former mayor of Chicago, retired to a farm on land part of which later became part of Summit
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 30, 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved August 11, 2019.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Summit village, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-25.
- Summit, Illinois. City-Data.com. Accessed April 15, 2012.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Profile of General Demographic Characteristics, Summit, Illinois" (PDF). (38.9 KiB). U.S. Census Bureau. Accessed 2007-04-07.
- "News Release - Investors - Ingredion Incorporated". Retrieved 7 November 2016.
- "About". IIT IFSH. Illinois Institute of Technology. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
- "Reds Hall of Fame and Museum". Retrieved 7 November 2016.
- "How Emmett Till's Death and Open Casket Spurred Civil Rights Activism". Retrieved 7 November 2016.