A sulfonyl group can refer either to a functional group found primarily in sulfones or to a substituent obtained from a sulfonic acid by the removal of the hydroxyl group similarly to acyl groups. Sulfonyl groups can be written as having the general formula R−S(=O)2−R′, where there are two double bonds between the sulfur and oxygen.
Examples of sulfonyl group substituents
The names of sulfonyl groups typically end in -syl, such as:
Group name Full name Pseudoelement symbol Example Tosyl p-toluenesulfonyl Ts Tosyl chloride (p-toluenesulfonyl chloride)
Brosyl p-bromobenzenesulfonyl Bs Nosyl o- or p-nitrobenzenesulfonyl Ns Mesyl methanesulfonyl Ms Mesyl chloride (methanesulfonyl chloride)
Triflyl trifluoromethanesulfonyl Tf Tresyl 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl-1-sulfonyl Dansyl 5-(dimethylamino)naphthalene-1-sulfonyl Ds Dansyl chloride